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1 The ICT strategy and action plan for the Republic of Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Beirut, May 29, 2003 Ministry of Communication and Culture responsible.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The ICT strategy and action plan for the Republic of Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Beirut, May 29, 2003 Ministry of Communication and Culture responsible."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The ICT strategy and action plan for the Republic of Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Beirut, May 29, 2003 Ministry of Communication and Culture responsible for Posts and Telecommunications (www.mccpt.dj)

2 2 Programme I.Introduction II.Presentation of Djibouti IV.Why a strategy? V.Approach VI.Strategy VII.Action plan VIII.Conclusions

3 3 I. Introduction 1.Djibouti and the information age – the present situation 2.Djibouti’s strategy 3.An appeal for collaboration with the international community

4 4 II. Djibouti –facts and figures 1.Independence: June 27, Population: inhabitants of which 2/3 live in the capital 3.Geography: Km 2 with 370Km of coast line 4.Level of school attendance: 40% 5.Unemployment rate: 59% 6.The sector of the services represents 70% of the gross domestic product 7.Member of Arab league

5 5 II. Djibouti – Regional map

6 6 II. The map of Djibouti

7 7 II. Djibouti – assets (1)  Djibouti occupies an important strategic position in the region  A modern sea port located astride one of the most important maritime navigation route in the world  Main maritime outlet for Ethiopia, country of 65 millions of inhabitants,  Politically stability  A service based and liberal economy, open to foreign investment

8 8 II. Djibouti – assets (2))  A fully convertible currency and a stable financial system  The only landing point of the undersea SMW 2 and 3 fiber optic telecommunications cables  A relatively modern telecommunication system  A young population eager to learn

9 9 II. Djibouti – constraints  Poverty, illiteracy, insufficient infrastructure, high manpower costs, limited natural resources  A low level of skilled human resources  Insufficient maintenance of the telecommunications network

10 10 III. Djibouti  Few ICT specialists  Very limited penetration of ICTs  Few computer networks  under utilization of PCs  Access to the Internet is limited, the connection is saturated, there are few cyber cafés or other public access sites  A data gap – limited statistical data about everything and no market study for the telecommunications sector  Lack of a strategic approach

11 11 III. Djibouti (2001) DJAfrica PC / IP servers / 10, Internet users51.3 / 10, Internet costsUSD 54/30hrs (2003) USD 54/30hrs Mobile/

12 12 III. Djibouti – achievements  The split of the postal and telecommunications operators  Mobile GSM service launched in May 2001  Revision and reduction of telecommunications tariffs by Djibout Telecom in March 2003  Consultation with development actors in the preparation of the ICT strategy and action plan  Adoption of the ICT Strategy and Action Plan

13 13 IV. Why an ICT strategy? Realization of the importance of ICTs as a motor of economic development : 1.Poverty reduction 2.Strengthen Djibouti’s position as a regional hub

14 14 IV. Why an ICTs and poverty strategy? There is a direct relationship between the HDI and the number of PCs as well as the ease of accessing the Internet It is a priority for Djibouti to facilitate the greatest access possible to ICTs to the benefit of all and to strengthen Djibouti in its fight against poverty

15 15 IV. Why the strategy of Djibouti as a regional hub (1)  Djibouti occupies an important strategic position in the region  A modern sea port located astride one of the most important maritime navigation route in the world  Main maritime outlet for Ethiopia, country of 65 millions of inhabitants,  Politically stability  A service based and liberal economy, open to foreign investment

16 16 IV. Why the strategy of Djibouti as a regional hub (2)  In East Africa, Djibouti is the landing point of the undersea SMW 2 and 3 fiber optic telecommunications cables

17 17 IV. Why the strategy of Djibouti as a regional hub (3) Sub-Marine cable SEA-ME-WE3

18 18 IV. Why the strategy of Djibouti as a regional hub (4) Sub-Marine cable SEA-ME-WE3

19 19 IV. Why the strategy of Djibouti as a regional hub (5) Sub-Marine cable Aden-Djibouti

20 20 V. The approach  A consultative process with all development actors in Djibouti  The creation of a National ICT Committee made up of representatives from the private sector, the public sector and civil society  Ongoing hands-on consultations and workshops since May 2002

21 21 VI. The strategy (1) The vision of the future development of ICTs is grouped according to 10 themes: 1. Facilitating access for all to ICTs 2. Developing human capacity – ICTs in education, teaching and research 3. Modernization of the health sector 4. Modernization of the state through the use of ICTs 5. Reinforcing the institutional and legal basis of the State

22 22 VI. The strategy (2) 6. Strengthening the capacity of the private sector to use ICTs 7. Developing local content and enhancing the visibility of Djibouti on the Internet 8. Strengthen scientific research and development on ICTs 9. Using ICTs for managing information on the environment and for disaster early warning, prevention and management 10. Change management initiatives and action plan for implementation of the strategy

23 23 VI. The strategy (3) Theme n°10: Creating an enabling environment  Adoption of the legal framework  Strengthening the ICT section of the MCCPT  Establishing the independent regulatory agency  Creating an executing agency for implementing the strategy and action plan  Creation of the General Directorate for Modernization and Computerization of the Government (DGMIA)

24 24 VI. The strategy (4) Theme n°1: Facilitating access to ICTs  By 2013, the population of Djibouti must have universal access to ICTs (community and public access centres, cyber cafés, kiosks, etc.)  By 2008, the metropolitan fiber optic network in Djibouti ville will be in place allowing high speed access to all development actors  By 2006, to bridge the gap separating Djibouti from the rest of Africa as far as ICT diffusion is concerned (# of PCs, IP servers, Internet users, etc.)

25 25 VI. The strategy (5) Theme n°2: Developing human capacity – ICTs in education, teaching and research  To introduce the computer tool and the Internet in all establishments of the secondary in 2006 and in 2013 all establishments of the basis teaching  To equip the university of Djibouti of a room of Visio conference in order to encourage the distance learning  By 2004, develop a research, education and health network to link these institutions as well as all schools in the country (RDRES)  Link all public and private teaching establishments at the secondary level by 2006 and by 2013 all primary schools  By 2009, the University of Djibouti will become a regional ICT training centre. it will become a Cisco academy regional  To reinforce the ICT pole of research (University, institute of the sciences and the new technologies)

26 26 VI. The strategy (6) Theme n°5: ICTs in the private sector  Before 2005, strengthen the capacity of SME/SMIs to use ICTs  In 2004, establish business incubators that focus on the use of ICTs.  In 2004, adapt and write an e-commerce law for Djibouti. Adapt the existing UNCITRAL model law on e-commerce  In 2008, establish e-commerce based systems allowing Djibouti to fully participate in the global marketplace

27 27 VI. The strategy (7) Theme n°6: Develop digital content  Enhance the visibility of Djibouti on the Internet. By 2008, the Djibouti Internet space will be made up of al least Web pages in Arabic, Afar. Somali and French  Encourage the development of Internet content in local languages  By 2013, establish automatic translation services online to facilitate automatic translation of English an French content to local languages

28 28 VII. The action plan  To realize the strategy and achieve the outputs of each theme.  The Action Plan has a 10 year time horizon ( )  Presentation of the short term Action Plan ( ) under 5 headings

29 29 VII. The Action plan for The creation of an enabling environment that will encourage ICT diffusion in Djibouti 2.The development of the human skills base 3.ICTs for local and community development 4.ICTs to improve the efficiency of public services, of health services, etc. 5.ICTs for business

30 30 VII. The Action plan for Creating the enabling environment (1)  Preparation of the legal texts: realized in 2002 with the help of ITU  Adoption of the legal framework (2003 – ongoing)  Audit of Djibouti Telecoms ( ongoing) with financing of the World bank  Establishing the independent regulatory agency in 2003; cost: $ (for start-up)

31 31  ICT market and e-readiness studies in ; cost : $  Prepare liberalization and privatization :  Installation of the metropolitan fiber optic network: with financing from China  Increasing Internet bandwidth: 2003 VII. The Action plan for Creating the enabling environment (2)

32 32  Strengthening the ICT section of the MCCPT : , cost: USD/year  Creation of the Agency responsible for the implementation of the Action Plan (ADETIC) : 2003 with cost of USD for the first year of operation VII. The Action plan for Creating the enabling environment (3)

33 33 VII. The Action plan for Develop human and technical capacities  Strengthen ICT learning at the Pôle Universitaire. période: ; cost: USD  Equip schools at all levels with ICTs: ; cost: USD/year  Create the research, education and health network (RDRES): ; cost: USD/year  Strengthen ICT research at the ISNT/CERD and at the Pôle Universitaire: ; cost: USD/year  Strengthen the capacity of teachers to use ICTs: 2005; cost: $  Computerize the Ministry of Education and Higher Learning (MENESUP) : ; cost: $

34 34 VII. The Action plan for Local and community development  Publicity campaign : ; cost : $/year  Develop models of community access: ; cost: $  Test the potential for community radio : ; cost: $  Establish a universal access policy in the telecommunications sector: 2004; cost: USD

35 35 VII. The Action plan for Improve the efficiency of public services  Computerization of the Ministry of Health and of the principal hospitals : ; cost: $/year  Connect Health Centres to the RDRES and to the global health network HealthNet: ; cost: $ per centre  Creation of an early warning system using ICTs with greater participation in FEWS (USAID) and related networks : ; cost: $  Creation of the Directorate responsible for Modernization and Computerization of the Government (DGMIA): ; cost: $  Prepare a plan for the modernization and computerization of the government: ; cost: $

36 36 VII. The Action plan for ICTs for business  Increase Internet bandwidth (2003) and reduce the cost of using leased lines and ICTs in general ( )  Create an enabling environment for e- commerce to flourish: ; cost: USD/year  Creation of business incubators: ; cost: $

37 37 VII. The Action plan for Djibouti: a regional telecommunications hub (1)  For Djibouti to become this regional hub, it must:  Join the SMW4 project / consortium  Establish partnerships with countries in the region who would benefit from a Djibouti based hub

38 38 VII. The Action plan for Djibouti: a regional telecommunications hub (2) The achievement of this ambition requires:  The support and technical assistance of ITU  The financial assistance of Djibouti’s partners in order to participate in the SNW4 project

39 39 VII. The Action plan for The budget (1)  Estimated budget: 2003: $ 2004: 3,81 Million USD 2005: 3,09 Million USD  For a total of 7 Million USD over the period

40 40 Overall budget Components Budget USD 1) Core activities ) Installing the means of access for all ) Developing human resources - ICTs in education, training and research ) Modernizing and strengthening the public health system 133 5) Modernizing State structures through digital technology 500 6) Strengthening institutional and legal capacities 40 7) Strengthening ICT usage capacities in the private sector ) Developing digital content 000 9) Managing information on the environment and disasters using ICTs Total (‘000 USD)

41 41 VII. The Action plan for The budget (2)  An appeal to Djibouti’s development partners and to brother countries to participate in financing the Action Plan

42 42 VIII. Conclusion (1)  Djibouti is so ambitious  Djibouti has limited human and financial means  We count a lot on the support of our historic partners and especially on the one of our Arabian brothers to meet this challenge

43 43 VIII. Conclusion (2)  Thank you


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