2 What is an apostrophe?It looks like a comma – ‘ – but we place it above the line of writing.It takes up the space of a letter.It is used for various reasons.
3 Why do we use them? To show who owns what (possession) This is Jane’s cat.To fill in for missing letters (contractions)She’s gone to the cinema with her friends.
4 Contractions When two words are joined together in a shorter form. The apostrophe takes the place of the missing letter(s).I am (I’m)They are (They’re)Do not (don’t)
5 Be careful! Don’t confuse its and it’s Whose and who’s its (possessive – its edges were sharp)it’s (it is, it has)Whose and who’sWhose book is this?Who’s coming to dinner.
6 Test Yourself You are - ? Will not - ? I would - ? I had - ? We have - ?I shall not - ?
7 Test Yourself Shes got her mothers good looks, hasnt she? Its the princesss birthday today, isnt it?The womens Keep Fit Class opens today.
8 Homework Find some examples of the misuse of apostrophes:- many people put an apostrophe when they just need to add an ‘s’ to make a plural.e.g. PC’s, 1940’s, CD’sYou only use an apostrophe to show possession or that you have missed out some letters.