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Vocabulary Book II – Unit 1. Objectives Students will be able to: 1.Define roots. 2.Recognize, pronounce and spell new vocabulary words. 3.Match words.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Book II – Unit 1. Objectives Students will be able to: 1.Define roots. 2.Recognize, pronounce and spell new vocabulary words. 3.Match words."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Book II – Unit 1

2 Objectives Students will be able to: 1.Define roots. 2.Recognize, pronounce and spell new vocabulary words. 3.Match words to their definitions. 4.Use words in sentences.

3 ROOT - ERG, URG  Greek ERGON,  "work"

4 1- SURGICAL

5 SURGICAL  adj. very precise; clear and accurate  G. kheir, "hand," + ergon =hand-work  The rifle battalion, made up of the best marksmen in the world, targeted its enemy with surgical exactness.

6 2 - ENERGETIC

7  adj. Active and lively  G. en, "in" + ergon = into work  Whenever the weather was too hot, Ethan was not interested in energetic activity and preferred to stay home in air- conditioned comfort.  syn: active ant: lazy

8 2 - ENERGETIC 

9 3 - ERGONOMIC

10  adj. Intended to decrease discomfort and maximize work  G. ergon + nomic, "science or study of” = study of work  The ergonomic layout of the cockpit helped the pilots focus on flying and reduced their work-related injuries.

11 3 - ERGONOMIC

12 3 – ERGONOMIC KEYBOARD

13 ROOT – VIG  Latin VIGERE,  "be lively, be energetic“  Examples?

14 4 - VIGOROUS

15  adj. Done with power, force or energy  Reggie's vigorous exercise routine always made him flushed and sweaty.  syn: robust, spirited ant: lethargic, lazy

16 4 – VIGOROUS “Female Wildebeest Vigorously Defends Calf” WN8 WN8

17 5 - INVIGORATE

18  v. To fill with strength and energy  L. in, "into,II + vigere :;; to put energy into  The brisk morning breeze invigorated the crowds of people walking to work.

19 5 - INVIGORATE

20

21 ROOTS – IG, AG, ACT, EG  Latin AGERE,ACTUM  "do, drive, act"

22 6 - PRODIGAL

23  Adj. Wasting money or resources  L. pro, "forth," + agere = drive forth, drive away (money)  Gerald's prodigal tendencies eventually left him penniless and on the streets.  syn: wasteful ant: thrifty

24 6 - PRODIGAL

25 7 - AGITATE

26 AGITATE – Two definitions  Verb 1. To publicly demand; petition for 2. To move vigorously or violently; to upset  1. Though the American colonists agitated for more power and independence, King George III was deaf to their demands.  2. Loud noises agitate Angela so much that she cannot endure them.

27 AGITATE 19th century abolitionist Frederick Douglass said that the three effective ways to fight for justice are to “agitate, agitate, agitate.”

28 8 - ENACT

29 ENACT  v. To make legal or official  L. en, "in" + actum =dJiven into (law)  As part of the agreement, the United States agreed to enact legislation to prevent further environmental damage from greenhouse gases.  Syn: decree ant: repeal

30 ENACT

31 9 - REACTIONARY

32 REACTIONARY  adj. Strongly opposed to change; conservative  L. re, "back," + actum = driving back  The bank preferred to stick to reactionary strategies rather than adapt to new conditions.

33

34 10 - AGILE

35 AGILE  adj. Able to move quickly and lightly  A less agile swimmer would never have been able to make the quick turns that Sarita did.  syn: nimble ant: stiff

36 AGILE 

37 11 - ALLEGE

38 ALLEGE  v. To put forth as true; claim  L. ad, "toward," + litis, "lawsuit," + agere = to drive towards a lawsuit  The reporter alleges that at four o'clock this afternoon, a local politician took part in an armed robbery.  syn: assert ant: rebut; deny

39 ALLEGE

40

41 ALLEGE – Not to be confused with a ledge.

42 Closing – Make up an original sentence about the video using a vocabulary word.  agile  agitate  allege  energetic  ergonomic invigorate prodigal reactionary surgical vigorous


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