Presentation on theme: "Introduction1-1 message segment datagram frame source application transport network link physical HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn M HtHt M M destination application."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction1-1 message segment datagram frame source application transport network link physical HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn M HtHt M M destination application transport network link physical HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn M HtHt M M network link physical link physical HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn M HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn M HtHt HnHn HlHl M HtHt HnHn HlHl M router switch Encapsulation
Introduction1-2 TCP segment structure source port # dest port # 32 bits application data (variable length) sequence number acknowledgement number Receive window Urg data pnter checksum F SR PAU head len not used Options (variable length) URG: urgent data (generally not used) ACK: ACK # valid PSH: push data now (generally not used) RST, SYN, FIN: connection estab (setup, teardown commands) # bytes rcvr willing to accept counting by bytes of data (not segments!) Internet checksum (as in UDP)
Introduction1-3 IP datagram format ver length 32 bits data (variable length, typically a TCP or UDP segment) 16-bit identifier Internet checksum time to live 32 bit source IP address IP protocol version number header length (bytes) max number remaining hops (decremented at each router) for fragmentation/ reassembly total datagram length (bytes) upper layer protocol to deliver payload to head. len type of service “type” of data flgs fragment offset upper layer 32 bit destination IP address Options (if any) E.g. timestamp, record route taken, specify list of routers to visit. how much overhead with TCP? 20 bytes of TCP 20 bytes of IP = 40 bytes + app layer overhead
Introduction1-4 Ethernet Frame Structure Preamble: 7 bytes with pattern 10101010 followed by one byte with pattern 10101011 to synchronize receiver, sender clock rates Addresses: 6 bytes if adapter receives frame with matching destination address, or with broadcast address (eg ARP packet), it passes data in frame to net-layer protocol otherwise, adapter discards frame Type: indicates the higher layer protocol (mostly IP but others may be supported such as Novell IPX and AppleTalk) CRC: checked at receiver, if error is detected, the frame is simply dropped
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