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Judaism, Islam, & Christianity

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Presentation on theme: "Judaism, Islam, & Christianity"— Presentation transcript:

1 Judaism, Islam, & Christianity
Monotheistic Religions Judaism, Islam, & Christianity

2 Standards SS6G11 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of Europe. b. Describe the major religions in Europe; include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

3 Teachers Print off the following page for each student. The students will complete the graphic organizer while discussing the presentation. *I have included two—you can choose the one that will work best for your students.





8 Judaism, Islam, & Christianity
Monotheistic Religions Judaism, Islam, & Christianity

9 What else do they have in common?
Monotheism Judaism, Christianity, & Islam are major religions practiced in Europe. Followers of each practice monotheism, a belief in one god. What else do they have in common?

10 Similarities All three believe in one god (monotheistic).
They all started in Southwest Asia. They can trace their roots to Abraham as the father of their faith. Jerusalem is the holiest city in the world for Jews and Christians, and the third holiest city for Muslims. All three have an important messenger and book of teachings.

11 Jerusalem, Israel

12 Judaism

13 Judaism Judaism is the religion of Jews.
It was founded by Abraham around 2000 BCE. Jews believe that God gave Moses the Ten Commandments. The Jewish holy book is the Torah, which is the oral and written laws of the Jews.

14 Judaism Jews believe that they descended from Abraham and Sarah, the first people to worship Yahweh (God). Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is now Iraq.

15 The Torah Abraham & Sarah

16 How do you feel about this?
Judaism Jews worship in synagogues and temples. The Jews were freed from slavery in Egypt and returned to the land of Canaan in what is called the “Exodus”. They believe that a messiah (savior) will lead them to the Promised Land. “What is hateful to you, do not to your neighbor.” How do you feel about this?

17 Christianity

18 Christianity Christianity actually has its roots in Judaism. Christianity is a movement that grew out of Judaism. Christians believe in Jesus, who preached a new religion of love and kindness around 30 CE. Christians believe that Jesus was the messiah (savior).

19 Christianity The Bible is the main holy book for Christians.
It consists of the Old Testament and the New Testament. The first 4 books of the New Testament detailing the life and teachings of Jesus is called GOSPELS .

20 Christianity Christians are grouped by many denominations.
Examples include Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Protestantism. All denominations of Christians follow the teachings of Jesus. Christians worship in churches and chapels.

21 Islam

22 Islam Islam began around 610 CE in Southwest Asia.
In Arabic, Islam means “surrender” to the will of Allah (God). Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and the founder is Muhammad. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam. Other prophets include Abraham, Moses, & Jesus.


24 Islam The Muslim holy book is the Qur’an (Koran).
It states how people should live their lives. It describes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations all Muslims must fulfill in their lifetime).

25 (the main duties of Muslims)
Islam Five Pillars of Faith: (the main duties of Muslims) 1. Prayer, 2. Giving to charity, 3. Belief in and submission to one God (Allah), 4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan, 5. and a trip (hajj) to Mecca once in a lifetime.

26 Two letters written by Muhammad…so old!

27 Muhammad’s Hat, Robe, & Staff
Muhammad’s Swords

28 A piece of Muhammad’s hair
One of Muhammad’s sandals

29 The Green Dome in Medina
Muhammad’s grave lies under the Green Dome. (This is his casket.)

30 The Grand Mosque in Mecca




34 Teachers Thank you for downloading this file. I hope you enjoy using it with your students, and I can’t wait to read your feedback in my TPT store!  For more social studies materials, please visit my store: I teach Language Arts and Social Studies in Georgia, so my products are aligned with Common Core (LA) and Georgia Performance Standards (SS). © Copyright 2013. Brain Wrinkles. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to copy pages specifically designed for student or teacher use by the original purchaser or licensee. The reproduction of any other part of this product is strictly prohibited. Copying any part of this product and placing it on the Internet in any form (even a personal/classroom website) is strictly forbidden. Doing so makes it possible for an Internet search to make the document available on the Internet, free of charge, and is a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

35 Photos were found via Creative Commons and labeled for reuse.
Credits: Photos were found via Creative Commons and labeled for reuse. Fonts: Backgrounds & Graphics: *The backgrounds used in this item are copyrighted and may not be used for your own commercial projects or given away to anyone else.

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