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1 Session 2: The Deity of Christ. 2 Title Slide 1 "Almost everything our fathers taught us about Christ is false." (Page 235) Jesus was a "mortal prophet...

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Presentation on theme: "1 Session 2: The Deity of Christ. 2 Title Slide 1 "Almost everything our fathers taught us about Christ is false." (Page 235) Jesus was a "mortal prophet..."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Session 2: The Deity of Christ

2 2 Title Slide 1 "Almost everything our fathers taught us about Christ is false." (Page 235) Jesus was a "mortal prophet... a great and powerful man, but a man nonetheless. A mortal." (Page 233) "Constantine upgraded Jesus' status almost four centuries after Jesus' death." (Page 234) "Thousands of documents already existed chronicling His life as a mortal man." (Page 234) 2

3 3 Title Slide 1 "Jesus' establishment as the 'Son of God' was officially proposed and voted on by the Council of Nicea.... [and it was] "a relatively close vote at that." (Page 233) "Many scholars claim that the early Church literally stole Jesus from His original followers, hijacking His human message, shrouding it in an impenetrable cloak of divinity, and using it to expand their own power." (Page 233) 3

4 4 Title Slide 1 4 Deity Of Christ Messiah is Divine Jesus was Messiah Jesus Claimed Divinity Disciples Acknowledged Divinity Bible Acknowledges Divinity The Father Authenticated Church Fathers Acknowledged Divinity

5 5 I. Christ (Messiah) Is Divine The New Testament sheds light on the mission of Messiah which is quite different from the understanding of the Jews of Jesus’ day. 1. He came not as a military or political savior but for the purpose of paying the sin debt of the world. Isa 53:11 “by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.” NIV 5

6 6 I. Christ (Messiah) Is Divine 2. The reign of the Messianic king would be righteous, perpetual, and universal. Isa 9:7; Ps 2:1-10; Dan 7:27 7 Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this. NIV 6

7 7 I. Christ (Messiah) Is Divine 3. He would be a Righteous Sufferer. His sufferings are declared to have an expiatory and redeeming character. Ps 22; Isa 53:4-5 4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. 5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. NIV 7

8 8 I. Christ (Messiah) Is Divine 4. Conclusion: No one other than a Divine Messiah would be able to fulfill this mission. 8

9 9 II. Jesus Was Messiah (Savior) a.God Himself speaking to Isaiah 43:11; Titus 2:13 “I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from me there is no savior.” NIV 13 while we wait for the blessed hope — the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, 14 who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good. NIV 9

10 10 II. Jesus Was Messiah (Savior) b. The angel speaking to Mary. Luke 1:31-33 –31 You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end." NIV 10

11 11 II. Jesus Was Messiah (Savior) c. The angel speaking to Joseph. Matt 1:20-21 –20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins." NIV 11

12 12 II. Jesus Was Messiah (Savior) d. Simeon, who was promised by the Holy Spirit that he would see the Lord’s Messiah. Luke 2:29-32 –29 "Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. 30 For my eyes have seen your salvation, 31 which you have prepared in the sight of all people, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel." NIV 12

13 13 II. Jesus Was Messiah (Savior) e.John, when he saw Jesus coming to him. John 1:29-31 –29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is the one I meant when I said, 'A man who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.' 31 I myself did not know him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that he might be revealed to Israel." NIV 13

14 14 III. Jesus’ Claim of Divinity a. Jesus’ use of the title "Son of Man," Daniel 7: "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed. NIV 14

15 15 III. Jesus’ Claim of Divinity b. In confirming His Messiahship to John the Baptist, all signs predicted by the prophets were manifested in His ministry. Isa 35:4-6 4 say to those with fearful hearts, "Be strong, do not fear; your God will come, he will come with vengeance; with divine retribution he will come to save you." 5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped. 6 Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. NIV 15

16 16 III. Jesus’ Claim of Divinity c. The seven “I am’s” of the Gospel of John 1. The bread of life. John 6:35 2. Light of the world. John 9:5 3. The door. John 10:9 4. The Good Shepherd John 10:11 5. The resurrection John 11:25 6. The Way John 14:6 7. The true Vine John 15:1 16

17 17 IV. The Disciples Acknowledged His Divinity a. Called the Christ by Peter. Matt 16:16 16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. KJV 17

18 18 IV. The Disciples Acknowledge His Divinity b. Called God by Thomas John 20: Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. 28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. KJV 18

19 19 IV. The Disciples Acknowledge His Divinity c. King of the Jews by Nathaniel John 1:49 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile! 48 Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. 49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. KJV 19

20 20 IV. The Disciples Acknowledge His Divinity d. Called Messiah by Andrew John 1: The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, "We have found the Messiah" (that is, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus. NIV e. Called Lord, and Son of God by the twelve throughout the Gospels. 20

21 21 V. The Bible Acknowledges His Divinity a. All divine names are ascribed to Him b. All divine attributes are ascribed to Him c. He is identified as the creator, ruler and sustainer of the universe d. He is the object of worship which belongs only to God e. All men are accountable to Him f. He declares oneness with the Father g. God is not more, and cannot promise more or do more than Christ is said to be, to promise, and to do. 21

22 22 VI. God Authenticated His Claims a. The whole argument of Jesus’ Deity rests on the historical evidence that we have for the resurrection. b. Jesus’ claims and ministry are authenticated by the resurrection. If Jesus had misrepresented himself, God would have been bound by His Holy character to send Him to hell not resurrect him. 22

23 23 VI. God Authenticated His Claims c. If the resurrection happened then Jesus is who he claims to be. d. If the resurrection did not happen, none of His initial followers would have willingly devoted their lives to the propagation of the story, or be willing to die for it. 23

24 24 VII. The Church Fathers Acknowledge His Divinity a. Ignatius, AD 105 bishop of Antioch, writing to all the Churches of Asia Minor affirms the Deity of Christ. b. Clement, AD 150“It is fitting that you should think of Jesus Christ as of God” c. Justin Martyr AD 160 “Being the first- begotten Word of God, is even God.” d. Irenaeus AD 180 “Our Lord and God and Savior and King” 24

25 25 VII. The Church Fathers Acknowledge His Divinity e. Tertullian AD 200 “Christ our God” f. Origen AD 225 “No one should be offended that the Savior is also God” g. Novatian AD 235 “He is not only man but God also” h. Cyprian AD 250 “Jesus Christ, our Lord and God” i. Methodius AD 290 “He truly was and is…with God and being God” j. Lactantious AD 304 “We believe Him to be God” k. Arnobius AD 305 “Christ performed all these miracles…the duty of Divinity” 25

26 26 VIII The Council Of Niceae a. From the time of the Apostles to the early 300’s the deity of Christ was never at issue. However, as the Church spread, it became necessary to explain what was meant or not meant by the dogma of His deity. 26

27 27 VIII The Council Of Niceae b. The dogmas (to think ) of doctrines formulated in this era were the result of intense thought and searching the Bible and the writings of the Fathers in order to properly interpret the meaning of the Scripture. 27

28 28 VIII The Council Of Niceae c. Various teachers began to emerge and their teaching was not always congruent with the orthodox position. 28

29 29 VIII The Council Of Niceae d. These theological controversies were resolved by the calling of the Church Councils. These Councils often produced great formulations that summarized the decisions of the Council IE: Nicene and Athanasian Creeds. 29

30 30 VIII The Council Of Niceae e. The Council of Nicaea (325AD) composed of more than 300 Bishops, only 5 of which represented the Western Church. 1. The Eastern Church, (Alexandrian) dominated by the influence of the Greeks, were more concerned with speculative metaphysical theology. 2. The Western Church (Roman) which was historically lead by men who taught the orthodox view of Christ and was therefore, more concerned about practical problems of living Christ. 30

31 31 VIII The Council Of Niceae Extremes on the humanity of Christ g. Ebionitism = Jesus is the adopted son of God. h. Subordinationism = The Word is lower in rank than the Father i. Arianism = The Son is only the greatest of creatures. Extremes on the divinity of Christ g. Docetism= The body of Jesus only seemed to be real. h. Gnosticism= The humanity of Christ is only incidental to salvation. 31 g. At issue were various exaggerations of the divinity or of the humanity of Jesus.

32 32 VIII The Council Of Niceae The Orthodox Beliefs If Jesus were not fully human He could not have saved us If Jesus were not “of God”, He could not have saved us Jesus is of the same substance, with the Father, true God from true God 32

33 33 VIII The Council Of Niceae The Council of Nicaea, in a nearly unanimous vote of 300 to 2 temporarily silenced those who argued for the subordination of Christ to the Father. 33

34 34 Conclusion a. He who was raised to the throne of Divine dominion; who was worshipped with honors due to God only; who was joined, with Father and with Holy Spirit as the source of grace and blessing, must in the fullest sense be Divine. There is not such a thing as honorary Godhead. 34

35 35 Conclusion b. Clearly, the record shows that the deity of Jesus Christ is taught throughout the pages of Scripture and has never been otherwise conceived by God Himself, His prophets, His disciples, the early Church Fathers….and neither should we. 35

36 36 Application Application: Since the Biblical record is so clear and convincing on the point of the Divinity of Christ the only question remaining is: a. What are the implications of the Divinity of Christ for you personally? 36


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