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Archetypes ”. . . the work of art strikes some very deep chord!”

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Presentation on theme: "Archetypes ”. . . the work of art strikes some very deep chord!”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Archetypes ”. . . the work of art strikes some very deep chord!”
Joseph Campbell The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology Jennifer A. Bennett Sanderson High School Raleigh, North Carolina

2 Archetypes Universal symbols that transcend boundaries of culture, race, gender, time and geography Part of humanity’s collective unconscious Carl Jung Swiss psychologist Student of Sigmund Freud Joseph Campbell Author and anthropologist Considered the leading expert on myth and archetypes Examples include certain images, colors, numbers, character types, and motifs

3 Best Practicioners Disney Advertisers and marketers
Anyone involved in storyline creation or graphical design for stories required to read Joseph Campbell Advertisers and marketers

4 Sun as Archetype Sun (fire and sky) creative energy consciousness
father principle passage of time and life

5 Sun as Archetype Rising sun Setting sun Birth Creation Enlightenment

6 More Setting Suns and Death
The Last Pale Light In The West Ben Nichols In my hands, I hold the ashes In my veins, black pitch runs In my chest, a fire catches In my way, a setting sun Dark clouds gather 'round me To the west, my soul is bound And I will go on ahead, free There's a light yet to be found The last pale light in the west The last pale light in the west (The Governor’s theme song) The Walking Dead Because I could not stop for Death, He kindly stopped for me; The carriage held but just ourselves And Immortality. We slowly drove, he knew no haste, And I had put away My labor, and my leisure too, For his civility. We passed the school, where children strove At recess, in the ring; We passed the fields of gazing grain, We passed the setting sun. Or rather, he passed us . . . Emily Dickinson

7 Water as Archetype Purification and redemption Mysteries of creation
Sea mother of all life timelessness; eternity River birth—death—resurrection cycle (baptism) transitional phases of the life cycles

8 Color as Archetype: White
Positive aspects: Light, Goodness, Purity, Innocence; Timelessness; Eternity

9 Color as Archetype: White
Negative aspects: Death Terror Emptiness Blinding truth of an inscrutable mystery

10 Color as Archetype: Green
Positive Growth Hope Fertility

11 Color as Archetype: Green
Negative Decay Death

12 Color as Archetype: Blue
Highly positive; associated with truth religious feeling security spiritual purity

13 Color as Archetype: Blue
And who could forget Linus’s security blanket?

14 Color as Archetype: Black
Darkness—associated with Chaos Mystery Death The Unknown The Unconscious What other messages do colors convey in this image?

15 Color as Archetype: Black
What significance does color add to this image? How about this one? Compare and contrast the two.

16 Color as Archetype: Red
Associated with Blood, Sacrifice, Violent passion, Disorder

17 Archetypal Color Combinations
What do these images have in common? What do they communicate? How about now?

18 Archetypal Color Combinations
What do these images have in common? What significance do they carry re: the context of the stories they represent?

19 Archetypal Color Combinations
Analyze the archetypal colors in this image. What significance do they have within their literary context?

20 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Revelation 6 I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” 2 I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest. 3 When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” 4 Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword. 5 When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” 8 I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

21 Circle as Archetype Circle (sphere): wholeness, unity
No beginning or end Egg (oval): the mystery of life and forces of generation

22 Circle as Archetype: Wheel
Wheel: symbol of fortune, fate

23 Circle as Archetype: Wheel
Wheel in the Sky Spinning Wheels

24 Circle as Archetype: Yang-Yin
Yang-Yin: a Chinese symbol; represents the union of opposite forces (Jungian theory of anima and animus) Yang: masculine principle; light; activity; the conscious mind Yin: female principle; darkness; passivity; the unconscious mind


26 Circles and Colors

27 The Garden Paradise Innocence Unspoiled beauty Fertility

28 The Serpent Evil Corruption Sensuality Destruction The Unconscious

29 The Tree Life Consistence and growth Proliferation
Immortality— generation and regeneration

30 The Tree of Souls, Avatar
The Archetypal Tree The Tree of Souls, Avatar The Tree of Life (what kind of life?)

31 The Family Tree

32 The Desert Emptiness Spiritual aridity (dryness)
Hopelessness (wasteland)

33 “Desert Places” by Robert Frost
Snow falling and night falling fast, oh, fast In a field I looked into going past, And the ground almost covered smooth in snow, But a few weeds and stubble showing last. The woods around it have it – it is theirs. All animals are smothered in their lairs. I am too absent-spirited to count; The loneliness includes me unawares. And lonely as it is, that loneliness Will be more lonely ere it will be less – A blanker whiteness of benighted snow With no expression, nothing to express. They cannot scare me with their empty spaces Between stars - on stars where no human race is. I have it in me so much nearer home To scare myself with my own desert places.

34 Analysis What do the archetypes in these images communicate?

35 Numbers as Archetypes: 3
Spiritual awareness and unity Light Male principle Examples: Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) Spiritual rebirth (water, blood, spirit) Father Time (past, present, future) Beginning, middle, end Three Pillars of Eternity the Creation, the Fall, the Atonement The Three Pillars of Eternity by Bruce R. McConkie

36 Numbers as Archetypes: 4
Associated with circle, earth, nature Four corners/four directions (North/East/South/West) Four elements (earth, air, fire, water) Life cycle Four seasons—spring, summer, fall, winter Humankind Four limbs Female principle Mother Earth (Gaia) Mother Nature

37 Numbers as Archetypes: 7
Most potent of all symbolic numbers Union of 3 (divinity/heaven) & 4 (mankind/earth) Relationship between God and man Revelation, chapters 1, 4, 5 Completion of a cycle; perfect order Seven days in a week Seven days to create the world Seven stages of civilization Seven stages of man "The average age of the world's greatest civilizations from the beginning of history has been about 200 years. During those 200 years, those nations always progressed through the following sequence: 1. From bondage to spiritual faith; 2. From spiritual faith to great courage; 3. From courage to liberty; 4. From liberty to abundance; 5. From abundance to complacency; 6. From complacency to apathy; 7. From apathy to dependence; From dependence back into bondage“ Source: Source:

38 The Seven Stages of Man JAQUES All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth.

39 The Seven Stages of Man And then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lined, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side, His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything. As You Like It, William Shakespeare

40 Numbers as Archetypes: 7
More examples: Seven Deadly Sins Seven colors in the rainbow Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit Seven seas Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church Seven Horcruxes

41 More Analysis What do the archetypes in these images communicate?

42 Female Archetypes The Good Mother The Terrible Mother The Soul Mate
The above two represent the duality of the Earth Mother— like Mother Nature The Soul Mate

43 The Good Mother Positive qualities of the Earth Mother
Associated with life principle Represents birth, warmth, nourishment Represents protection and abundance

44 The Good Mother

45 The Terrible Mother Negative qualities of the Earth Mother
Femme fatale Witch, sorceress, siren, harlot, seductress Associated with fear, sensuality, danger, darkness, emasculation, death Generate examples!

46 The Terrible Mother Expected, right?

47 The Terrible Mother

48 The Terrible Mother?

49 Definitely!

50 The Soul Mate Sophia figure—associated with spiritual wisdom and purity Princess or “beautiful lady” Holy mother Incarnation of inspiration and spiritual fulfillment Jungian anima (completion)

51 The Soul Mate: Examples
Wizard of Oz— Glenda the Good Witch Pinnochio— the Blue Fairy The Fifth Element— the Diva (blue woman) Galadriel

52 The Wise Old Man Savior, redeemer, guru figure
Personification of the spiritual principle Represents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness and intuition Also represents moral qualities such as goodwill, readiness to help, honesty & truth, loyalty, The sagacious and helpful old man Examples: Obiwan Kenobi, Yoda, Merlin, Gandalf, Mr. Miyagi, Splinter, Rafiki, Teiresius, Dumbledore

53 The Hero Archetypes Archetypes of Transformation Redemption
The Hero’s Initiation The Hero’s Quest The Sacrificial Scapegoat

54 Hero’s Initiation Initiation from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual maturity (rite of passage) Three-fold process: Separation—the hero literally separates (is removed from) his community/environment Transformation—the majority of the plot where the hero grows in maturity, preparing him for the Return—the hero literally goes back to his community, now spiritually and emotionally mature and able to contribute positively to society

55 Examples of Hero Initiation
The Lion King

56 Examples of Hero Initiation
Huck Finn Ebeneezer Scrooge The Prodigal Son Finding Nemo—both Nemo and Marlin

57 Examples of Hero Initiation
Shrek Ironman Thor

58 The Sacrificial Scapegoat
The hero upon whom the welfare of the tribe or nation relies Must die— to atone for the people’s sins to restore the land to fruitfulness Examples: Jesus Aslan

59 The Sacrificial Scapegoat
William Wallace (Braveheart)

60 The Sacrificial Scapegoat
Maximus Harry Potter

61 The Sacrificial Scapegoat
Gandalf Sommersby

62 The Sacrificial Scapegoat
Harry Stamper (Armageddon)

63 The Hero’s Quest Undertakes a long journey
Has an important goal to achieve Must perform impossible tasks and overcome insurmountable obstacles Is often a savior/ deliverer figure—he saves the day

64 Other Archetypal Motifs
Creation Myth—a story both necessary and credible which articulates into a significant whole all the disparate and discrete experiences of life; a fundamental and unifying force in life; does not necessarily refer to falsehood) Genesis Gilgamesh Native American myths Immortality Battle of Good vs. Evil

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