Presentation on theme: "Archetypes ”. . . the work of art strikes some very deep chord!”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Archetypes ”. . . the work of art strikes some very deep chord!” Joseph CampbellThe Masks of God: Primitive MythologyJennifer A. BennettSanderson High SchoolRaleigh, North Carolina
2 ArchetypesUniversal symbols that transcend boundaries of culture, race, gender, time and geographyPart of humanity’s collective unconsciousCarl JungSwiss psychologistStudent of Sigmund FreudJoseph CampbellAuthor and anthropologistConsidered the leading expert on myth and archetypesExamples include certain images, colors, numbers, character types, and motifs
3 Best Practicioners Disney Advertisers and marketers Anyone involved in storyline creation or graphical design for stories required to read Joseph CampbellAdvertisers and marketers
4 Sun as Archetype Sun (fire and sky) creative energy consciousness father principlepassage of time and life
5 Sun as Archetype Rising sun Setting sun Birth Creation Enlightenment Death
6 More Setting Suns and Death The Last Pale Light In The West Ben Nichols In my hands, I hold the ashes In my veins, black pitch runs In my chest, a fire catches In my way, a setting sun Dark clouds gather 'round me To the west, my soul is bound And I will go on ahead, free There's a light yet to be found The last pale light in the west The last pale light in the west(The Governor’s theme song)The Walking DeadBecause I could not stop for Death, He kindly stopped for me; The carriage held but just ourselves And Immortality.We slowly drove, he knew no haste, And I had put away My labor, and my leisure too, For his civility.We passed the school, where children strove At recess, in the ring; We passed the fields of gazing grain, We passed the setting sun.Or rather, he passed us . . .Emily Dickinson
7 Water as Archetype Purification and redemption Mysteries of creation Seamother of all lifetimelessness; eternityRiverbirth—death—resurrection cycle (baptism)transitional phases of the life cycles
8 Color as Archetype: White Positive aspects:Light,Goodness,Purity,Innocence;Timelessness; Eternity
9 Color as Archetype: White Negative aspects:DeathTerrorEmptinessBlinding truth of an inscrutable mystery
10 Color as Archetype: Green PositiveGrowthHopeFertility
12 Color as Archetype: Blue Highly positive; associated withtruthreligious feelingsecurityspiritual purity
13 Color as Archetype: Blue And who could forget Linus’s security blanket?
14 Color as Archetype: Black Darkness—associated withChaosMysteryDeathThe UnknownThe UnconsciousWhat other messages do colors convey in this image?
15 Color as Archetype: Black What significance does color add to this image?How about this one?Compare and contrast the two.
16 Color as Archetype: Red Associated withBlood,Sacrifice,Violent passion,Disorder
17 Archetypal Color Combinations What do these images have in common?What do they communicate?How about now?
18 Archetypal Color Combinations What do these images have in common?What significance do they carry re: the context of the stories they represent?
19 Archetypal Color Combinations Analyze the archetypal colors in this image. What significance do they have within their literary context?
20 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Revelation 6 I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” 2 I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest. 3 When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” 4 Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword. 5 When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” 8 I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.
21 Circle as Archetype Circle (sphere): wholeness, unity No beginning or endEgg (oval): the mystery of life and forces of generation
22 Circle as Archetype: Wheel Wheel: symbol of fortune, fate
23 Circle as Archetype: Wheel Wheel in the SkySpinning Wheels
24 Circle as Archetype: Yang-Yin Yang-Yin: a Chinese symbol; represents the union of opposite forces (Jungian theory of anima and animus)Yang: masculine principle; light; activity; the conscious mindYin: female principle; darkness; passivity; the unconscious mind
32 The Desert Emptiness Spiritual aridity (dryness) Hopelessness (wasteland)
33 “Desert Places” by Robert Frost Snow falling and night falling fast, oh, fast In a field I looked into going past, And the ground almost covered smooth in snow, But a few weeds and stubble showing last. The woods around it have it – it is theirs. All animals are smothered in their lairs. I am too absent-spirited to count; The loneliness includes me unawares.And lonely as it is, that lonelinessWill be more lonely ere it will be less –A blanker whiteness of benighted snowWith no expression, nothing to express.They cannot scare me with their empty spacesBetween stars - on stars where no human race is.I have it in me so much nearer homeTo scare myself with my own desert places.
34 AnalysisWhat do the archetypes in these images communicate?
35 Numbers as Archetypes: 3 Spiritual awareness and unityLightMale principleExamples:Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)Spiritual rebirth (water, blood, spirit)Father Time (past, present, future)Beginning, middle, endThree Pillars of Eternitythe Creation,the Fall,the AtonementThe Three Pillars of Eternity by Bruce R. McConkie
36 Numbers as Archetypes: 4 Associated with circle, earth, natureFour corners/four directions (North/East/South/West)Four elements (earth, air, fire, water)Life cycleFour seasons—spring, summer, fall, winterHumankindFour limbsFemale principleMother Earth (Gaia)Mother Nature
37 Numbers as Archetypes: 7 Most potent of all symbolic numbersUnion of 3 (divinity/heaven) & 4 (mankind/earth)Relationship between God and manRevelation, chapters 1, 4, 5Completion of a cycle; perfect orderSeven days in a weekSeven days to create the worldSeven stages of civilizationSeven stages of man"The average age of the world's greatest civilizations from the beginning of history has been about 200 years. During those 200 years, those nations always progressed through the following sequence:1. From bondage to spiritual faith;2. From spiritual faith to great courage;3. From courage to liberty;4. From liberty to abundance;5. From abundance to complacency;6. From complacency to apathy;7. From apathy to dependence;From dependence back into bondage“Source:Source:
38 The Seven Stages of ManJAQUES All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth.
39 The Seven Stages of ManAnd then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lined, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side, His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything. As You Like It, William Shakespeare
40 Numbers as Archetypes: 7 More examples:Seven Deadly SinsSeven colors in the rainbowSeven gifts of the Holy SpiritSeven seasSeven Sacraments of the Catholic ChurchSeven Horcruxes
41 More AnalysisWhat do the archetypes in these images communicate?
42 Female Archetypes The Good Mother The Terrible Mother The Soul Mate The above two represent the duality of the Earth Mother— like Mother NatureThe Soul Mate
43 The Good Mother Positive qualities of the Earth Mother Associated with life principleRepresents birth, warmth, nourishmentRepresents protection and abundance
50 The Soul MateSophia figure—associated with spiritual wisdom and purityPrincess or “beautiful lady”Holy motherIncarnation of inspiration and spiritual fulfillmentJungian anima (completion)
51 The Soul Mate: Examples Wizard of Oz— Glenda the Good WitchPinnochio— the Blue FairyThe Fifth Element— the Diva (blue woman)Galadriel
52 The Wise Old Man Savior, redeemer, guru figure Personification of the spiritual principleRepresents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness and intuitionAlso represents moral qualities such as goodwill, readiness to help, honesty & truth, loyalty,The sagacious and helpful old manExamples: Obiwan Kenobi, Yoda, Merlin, Gandalf, Mr. Miyagi, Splinter, Rafiki, Teiresius, Dumbledore
53 The Hero Archetypes Archetypes of Transformation Redemption The Hero’s InitiationThe Hero’s QuestThe Sacrificial Scapegoat
54 Hero’s InitiationInitiation from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual maturity (rite of passage)Three-fold process:Separation—the hero literally separates (is removed from) his community/environmentTransformation—the majority of the plot where the hero grows in maturity, preparing him for theReturn—the hero literally goes back to his community, now spiritually and emotionally mature and able to contribute positively to society
62 The Sacrificial Scapegoat Harry Stamper (Armageddon)
63 The Hero’s Quest Undertakes a long journey Has an important goal to achieveMust perform impossible tasks and overcome insurmountable obstaclesIs often a savior/ deliverer figure—he saves the day
64 Other Archetypal Motifs CreationMyth—a story both necessary and credible which articulates into a significant whole all the disparate and discrete experiences of life; a fundamental and unifying force in life; does not necessarily refer to falsehood)GenesisGilgameshNative American mythsImmortalityBattle of Good vs. Evil
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