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”... the work of art strikes some very deep chord!” Joseph Campbell The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology Jennifer A. Bennett Sanderson High School Raleigh,

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Presentation on theme: "”... the work of art strikes some very deep chord!” Joseph Campbell The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology Jennifer A. Bennett Sanderson High School Raleigh,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 ”... the work of art strikes some very deep chord!” Joseph Campbell The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology Jennifer A. Bennett Sanderson High School Raleigh, North Carolina

3 Archetypes X Universal symbols that transcend boundaries of culture, race, gender, time and geography X Part of humanity’s collective unconscious X Carl Jung –Swiss psychologist –Student of Sigmund Freud X Joseph Campbell –Author and anthropologist –Considered the leading expert on myth and archetypes –Examples include certain images, colors, numbers, character types, and motifs

4 Best Practicioners X Disney –Anyone involved in storyline creation or graphical design for stories required to read Joseph Campbell X Advertisers and marketers –http://smallbusiness.chron.com/use-archetypes- advertising htmlhttp://smallbusiness.chron.com/use-archetypes- advertising html

5 X Sun (fire and sky) –creative energy –consciousness –father principle –passage of time and life Sun as Archetype

6 X Rising sun –Birth –Creation –Enlightenment X Setting sun –Death

7 More Setting Suns and Death The Last Pale Light In The West The Last Pale Light In The West Ben Nichols In my hands, I hold the ashes In my veins, black pitch runs In my chest, a fire catches In my way, a setting sun Dark clouds gather 'round me To the west, my soul is bound And I will go on ahead, free There's a light yet to be found The last pale light in the west The last pale light in the west (The Governor’s theme song) The Walking Dead Because I could not stop for Death, He kindly stopped for me; The carriage held but just ourselves And Immortality. We slowly drove, he knew no haste, And I had put away My labor, and my leisure too, For his civility. We passed the school, where children strove At recess, in the ring; We passed the fields of gazing grain, We passed the setting sun. Or rather, he passed us... Emily Dickinson

8 Water as Archetype X Purification and redemption X Mysteries of creation X Sea –mother of all life –timelessness; eternity X River –birth—death—resurrection cycle (baptism) –transitional phases of the life cycles

9 Color as Archetype: White X Positive aspects: –Light, –Goodness, –Purity, –Innocence; –Timelessness; Eternity

10 Color as Archetype: White X Negative aspects: –Death –Terror –Emptiness –Blinding truth of an inscrutable mystery

11 Color as Archetype: Green X Positive –Growth –Hope –Fertility

12 X Negative –Decay –Death Color as Archetype: Green

13 Color as Archetype: Blue X Highly positive; associated with –truth –religious feeling –security –spiritual purity

14 Color as Archetype: Blue And who could forget Linus’s security blanket?

15 Color as Archetype: Black X Darkness— associated with –Chaos –Mystery –Death –The Unknown –The Unconscious What other messages do colors convey in this image?

16 Color as Archetype: Black What significance does color add to this image? How about this one? Compare and contrast the two.

17 Color as Archetype: Red X Associated with –Blood, –Sacrifice, –Violent passion, –Disorder

18 Archetypal Color Combinations X What do these images have in common? X What do they communicate? X How about now?

19 Archetypal Color Combinations X What do these images have in common? X What significance do they carry re: the context of the stories they represent?

20 Archetypal Color Combinations Analyze the archetypal colors in this image. What significance do they have within their literary context?

21 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Revelation 6 I watched as the Lamb opened the first of the seven seals. Then I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” 2 I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest. 3 When the Lamb opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” 4 Then another horse came out, a fiery red one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword. 5 When the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a black horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand When the Lamb opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say, “Come!” 8 I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

22 Circle as Archetype X Circle (sphere): wholeness, unity X No beginning or end X Egg (oval): the mystery of life and forces of generation

23 X Wheel: symbol of fortune, fate Circle as Archetype: Wheel

24 X Wheel in the Sky X Spinning Wheels Circle as Archetype: Wheel

25 X Yang-Yin: a Chinese symbol; represents the union of opposite forces (Jungian theory of anima and animus) –Yang: masculine principle; light; activity; the conscious mind –Yin: female principle; darkness; passivity; the unconscious mind Circle as Archetype: Yang-Yin

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27 Circles and Colors

28 The Garden X Paradise X Innocence X Unspoiled beauty X Fertility

29 The Serpent X Evil X Corruption X Sensuality X Destruction X The Unconscious

30 The Tree X Life X Consistence and growth X Proliferation X Immortality— generation and regeneration

31 The Archetypal Tree The Tree of Souls, Avatar The Tree of Life (what kind of life?)

32 The Family Tree

33 The Desert X Emptiness X Spiritual aridity (dryness) X Hopelessness (wasteland)

34 “Desert Places” by Robert Frost Snow falling and night falling fast, oh, fast In a field I looked into going past, And the ground almost covered smooth in snow, But a few weeds and stubble showing last. The woods around it have it – it is theirs. All animals are smothered in their lairs. I am too absent-spirited to count; The loneliness includes me unawares. And lonely as it is, that loneliness Will be more lonely ere it will be less – A blanker whiteness of benighted snow With no expression, nothing to express. They cannot scare me with their empty spaces Between stars - on stars where no human race is. I have it in me so much nearer home To scare myself with my own desert places.

35 Analysis X What do the archetypes in these images communicate?

36 Numbers as Archetypes: 3 X Spiritual awareness and unity X Light X Male principle X Examples: –Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) –Spiritual rebirth (water, blood, spirit) –Father Time (past, present, future) –Beginning, middle, end –Three Pillars of Eternity the Creation, the Fall, the Atonement

37 X Associated with circle, earth, nature –Four corners/four directions (North/East/South/West) –Four elements (earth, air, fire, water) X Life cycle –Four seasons—spring, summer, fall, winter X Humankind –Four limbs X Female principle –Mother Earth (Gaia) –Mother Nature Numbers as Archetypes: 4

38 X Most potent of all symbolic numbers X Union of 3 (divinity/heaven) & 4 (mankind/earth) –Relationship between God and man –Revelation, chapters 1, 4, 5 X Completion of a cycle; perfect order –Seven days in a week –Seven days to create the world –Seven stages of civilization –Seven stages of man Numbers as Archetypes: 7

39 JAQUES All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon's mouth. The Seven Stages of Man

40 And then the justice, In fair round belly with good capon lined, With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws and modern instances; And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on side, His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything. As You Like It, William Shakespeare The Seven Stages of Man

41 Numbers as Archetypes: 7 X More examples: –Seven Deadly SinsSeven Deadly Sins –Seven colors in the rainbow –Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit –Seven seas –Seven Sacraments of the Catholic ChurchSeven Sacraments of the Catholic Church –Seven Horcruxes

42 More Analysis X What do the archetypes in these images communicate?

43 Female Archetypes X The Good Mother X The Terrible Mother –The above two represent the duality of the Earth Mother— like Mother NatureMother Nature X The Soul Mate

44 The Good Mother X Positive qualities of the Earth Mother X Associated with life principle X Represents birth, warmth, nourishment X Represents protection and abundance

45 The Good Mother

46 The Terrible Mother X Negative qualities of the Earth Mother X Femme fatale X Witch, sorceress, siren, harlot, seductress X Associated with fear, sensuality, danger, darkness, emasculation, death X Generate examples!

47 The Terrible Mother Expected, right?

48 The Terrible Mother

49 The Terrible Mother?

50 Definitely!

51 The Soul Mate X Sophia figure—associated with spiritual wisdom and purity X Princess or “beautiful lady” X Holy mother X Incarnation of inspiration and spiritual fulfillment X Jungian anima (completion)

52 X Wizard of Oz— Glenda the Good Witch X Pinnochio— the Blue Fairy X The Fifth Element— the Diva (blue woman) X Galadriel The Soul Mate: Examples

53 The Wise Old Man X Savior, redeemer, guru figure X Personification of the spiritual principle X Represents knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness and intuition X Also represents moral qualities such as goodwill, readiness to help, honesty & truth, loyalty, X The sagacious and helpful old man X Examples: Obiwan Kenobi, Yoda, Merlin, Gandalf, Mr. Miyagi, Splinter, Rafiki, Teiresius, Dumbledore

54 The Hero Archetypes X Archetypes of –Transformation –Redemption X The Hero’s Initiation X The Hero’s Quest X The Sacrificial Scapegoat

55 Hero’s Initiation X Initiation from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual maturity (rite of passage) X Three-fold process: 1.Separation—the hero literally separates (is removed from) his community/environment 2.Transformation—the majority of the plot where the hero grows in maturity, preparing him for the 3.Return—the hero literally goes back to his community, now spiritually and emotionally mature and able to contribute positively to society

56 Examples of Hero Initiation  The Lion King

57 X Huck Finn X Ebeneezer Scrooge X The Prodigal Son X Finding Nemo—both Nemo and Marlin Examples of Hero Initiation

58 X Shrek X Ironman X Thor Examples of Hero Initiation

59 The Sacrificial Scapegoat X The hero upon whom the welfare of the tribe or nation relies X Must die— –to atone for the people’s sins –to restore the land to fruitfulness X Examples: –Jesus –Aslan

60 William Wallace (Braveheart) The Sacrificial Scapegoat

61 X Maximus The Sacrificial Scapegoat X Harry Potter

62 Gandalf Sommersby The Sacrificial Scapegoat

63 X Harry Stamper (Armageddon) The Sacrificial Scapegoat

64 The Hero’s Quest X Undertakes a long journey X Has an important goal to achieve X Must perform impossible tasks and overcome insurmountable obstacles X Is often a savior/ deliverer figure—he saves the day

65 Other Archetypal Motifs X Creation X Myth—a story both necessary and credible which articulates into a significant whole all the disparate and discrete experiences of life; a fundamental and unifying force in life; does not necessarily refer to falsehood) –Genesis –Gilgamesh –Native American myths X Immortality X Battle of Good vs. Evil


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