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A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions

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1 A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions
Paragraph Writing Assignment Lesson 10-4

2 TN SPI Recognize the world’s major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad)

3 Date and Place founded:
Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine Some say the date is unknown Christianity – approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine Islam – 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia

4 Founders and Early Leaders
Judaism – Abraham and Moses Christianity – Jesus Islam - Muhammad

5 Followers Called: Clergy Called: Judaism – Jews
Christianity – Christians Islam – Muslims Clergy Called: Judaism – rabbis Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest Islam - imams

6 House of Worship Judaism – synagogue or temple
Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel Islam – mosque Day of Worship Judaism – Saturday Christianity – Sunday Islam - Friday

7 Original Language Names of God Judaism – Hebrew
Christianity – Aramaic and Greek Islam – Arabic Names of God Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim Christianity – God, the Trinity Islam - Allah

8 Major Locations TODAY Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America
Christianity – Europe, North and South America Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia

9 Early Expansion Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to Israel
Christianity – by the end of the 4th century Christianity spread across the entire Roman Empire Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast Asia

10 Current Worldwide Followers TODAY
Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th) Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1st) Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd) In the USA Judaism – 5.6 million Christianity – 159 million Islam – 1.1 million

11 Sacred Texts Judaism – Hebrew Bible
Christianity – Old Testament and New Testament Islam – Qur’an (Koran)

12 Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism)
Judaism – One God Christianity – Trinity (God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit) Islam – One God

13 Divine Revelation How do we know about God?
Judaism – through prophets recorded in the Hebrew Bible Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as recorded in the Old and New Testament Islam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad recorded in the Qur’an

14 Identity of Jesus Judaism – False prophet
Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior Islam – prophet of God

15 Death of Jesus Judaism – death by Crucifixion
Christianity – death by Crucifixion Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a disciple took his place)

16 Resurrection of Jesus Judaism – Denied Christianity – Affirmed
Islam – Denied; since he did not die

17 Means of Salvation Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds
Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants) Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow Five Pillars of Faith

18 Afterlife Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife
Christianity – eternal heaven Islam – eternal paradise (heaven) Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife Christianity – eternal hell Islam – eternal hell

19 Symbols Judaism – Star of David Christianity – cross
Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic

20 View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism.” Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion.” Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only partial revelation.”

21 Paragraph Writing Assignment
Using your class notes, you will write a one paragraph essay describing the origins, history and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam.

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