Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions Paragraph Writing Assignment Lesson 10-4 1.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions Paragraph Writing Assignment Lesson 10-4 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions Paragraph Writing Assignment Lesson

2 TN SPI – Recognize the world’s major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad) 2

3 Date and Place founded: – Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine Some say the date is unknown – Christianity – approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine – Islam – 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia 3

4 Founders and Early Leaders – Judaism – Abraham and Moses – Christianity – Jesus – Islam - Muhammad 4

5 Followers Called: – Judaism – Jews – Christianity – Christians – Islam – Muslims Clergy Called: – Judaism – rabbis – Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest – Islam - imams 5

6 House of Worship – Judaism – synagogue or temple – Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel – Islam – mosque – Day of Worship Judaism – Saturday Christianity – Sunday Islam - Friday 6

7 Original Language – Judaism – Hebrew – Christianity – Aramaic and Greek – Islam – Arabic Names of God – Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim – Christianity – God, the Trinity – Islam - Allah 7

8 Major Locations TODAY – Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America – Christianity – Europe, North and South America – Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia 8

9 Early Expansion – Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to Israel – Christianity – by the end of the 4 th century Christianity spread across the entire Roman Empire – Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast Asia 9

10 Current Worldwide Followers TODAY – Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12 th ) – Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1 st ) – Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2 nd ) – In the USA Judaism – 5.6 million Christianity – 159 million Islam – 1.1 million 10

11 Sacred Texts – Judaism – Hebrew Bible – Christianity – Old Testament and New Testament – Islam – Qur’an (Koran) 11

12 Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism) – Judaism – One God – Christianity – Trinity (God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit) – Islam – One God 12

13 Divine Revelation How do we know about God? – Judaism – through prophets recorded in the Hebrew Bible – Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as recorded in the Old and New Testament – Islam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad recorded in the Qur’an 13

14 Identity of Jesus – Judaism – False prophet – Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior – Islam – prophet of God 14

15 Death of Jesus – Judaism – death by Crucifixion – Christianity – death by Crucifixion – Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a disciple took his place) 15

16 Resurrection of Jesus – Judaism – Denied – Christianity – Affirmed – Islam – Denied; since he did not die 16

17 Means of Salvation – Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds – Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants) – Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow Five Pillars of Faith 17

18 Afterlife – Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife – Christianity – eternal heaven – Islam – eternal paradise (heaven) – Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife – Christianity – eternal hell – Islam – eternal hell 18

19 Symbols – Judaism – Star of David – Christianity – cross – Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic 19

20 View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions – Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism.” – Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion.” – Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only partial revelation.” 20

21 Paragraph Writing Assignment Using your class notes, you will write a one paragraph essay describing the origins, history and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam. 21


Download ppt "A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions Paragraph Writing Assignment Lesson 10-4 1."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google