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Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction Chapter 11 The Doctrine of the Person of Christ Wiley-Blackwell 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction Chapter 11 The Doctrine of the Person of Christ Wiley-Blackwell 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction Chapter 11 The Doctrine of the Person of Christ Wiley-Blackwell 2010

2 Introduction The incarnation The “two natures” of Christ: the Chalcedonian definition The Place of Jesus Christ in Christian Theology Jesus Christ is the historical point of departure for Christianity Jesus Christ reveals God Jesus Christ is the bearer of salvation Jesus Christ defines the shape of the redeemed life Wiley-Blackwell 2010

3 New Testament Christological Titles Messiah (the “anointed one”) –Potential political liberator –The “messianic secret” –What kind of Messiah? –A suffering rather than a victorious Messiah Son of God –Son of God and children of God Son of Man –Address to prophet Ezekiel –Future eschatological figure (Daniel 7:13-14) –Frailty of human nature vs. God and the angels (Numbers 23:19; Psalm 8:4) Lord –Name for God in the Old Testament (YHWH) –The Roman emperor as kyrios Wiley-Blackwell 2010

4 Savior –Old Testament background Only God saves Only God forgives sins God –New Testament The Word was God (John 1:1) “my Lord and my God” (John 20:28) A Psalm addressed to Jesus as God (Hebrews 1:8) –Functions of Jesus Jesus is the savior of humanity Jesus is worshiped Jesus reveals God Wiley-Blackwell 2010

5 The Patristic Debate Over the Person of Christ Early contributions: from Justin Martyr to Origen –Ebionitism –Docetism –Logos-Christology Justin Martyr Origen The Arian controversy –Arius (c.250-c.336) The Son and Father do not have the same essence (ousia) The Son is first and foremost of the created beings The Son was creator of the worlds, but at one time did not exist –Athanasius of Alexandria (c ) Only God, and not a creature, can redeem humanity Christians worship and pray to Jesus Christ –Nicene creed (381): Christ “of the same substance” with the Father Wiley-Blackwell 2010

6 The Alexandrian school –Significance of Christ as savior (soteriology) –Deification –The Logos “assuming” human nature Apollinarius of Laodicea (c.310-c.390) Gregory of Nazianzus (329-89) The Antiochene school –Redemption and obedience –Unity of the two natures in a specific human being –Theodore of Mopsuestia, “union of good pleasure” The “communication of attributes” 1) Jesus Christ is God. 2) Mary gave birth to Jesus. 3) Therefore Mary is the Mother of God. 1) Jesus Christ was crucified. 2) Jesus Christ is God. 3) Therefore God was crucified. Adolf von Harnack on the evolution of patristic Christology –Jesus’ own message does not include a Christology –A concern with Christology arose after a concern with soteriology –Concern with Christology arose within Hellenistic culture Wiley-Blackwell 2010

7 The Relation of the Incarnation and the Fall in Medieval Christology Honorius of Autun (active ) Rupert of Deutz (c ) Thomas Aquinas (c ) The Relation Between the Person and Work of Christ Immanuel Kant ( ) –Distinction between the “thing in itself” and human perception of the thing Connection between Christologies about the function or work of Christ (functional) and those about Christ’s identity or being (ontological) –Athanasius –Wolfhart Pannenberg –The Nestorian Christ and the Pelagian man (Charles Gore) Wiley-Blackwell 2010

8 Christological Models: Classical and Contemporary Council of Chalcedon (451) –Truly human and truly divine –Monophysitism The substantial presence of God in Christ –Opposition to Gnosticism –Deification –Controversy over icons Christ as mediator between God and humanity –Mediation of revelation and salvation –Justin Martyr’s Logos-Christology –Emil Brunner, The Mediator; Truth as Encounter –John Calvin’s Institutes The revelational presence of God in Christ –Karl Barth’s Church Dogmatics –Wolfhart Pannenberg, Jesus: God and Man Wiley-Blackwell 2010

9 Christ as symbolic presence of God –Paul Tillich –Interfaith dialogue Christ as the bearer of the Holy Spirit –Messianic expectations –Adoptionism/Ebionitism –Walter Kasper, Jesus the Christ Critique by Pannenberg Christ as the example of a godly life –Antiochene Christology –Enlightenment: degree Christology –Liberal Protestantism: the inner life of Jesus Christ as a hero –Anglo-Saxon culture (The Dream of the Rood) Kenotic approaches to Christology –Krypsis and kenosis –Gottfried Thomasius ( ) Wiley-Blackwell 2010


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