Presentation on theme: "The Gospel according to John Christology & Discipleship"— Presentation transcript:
1The Gospel according to John Christology & Discipleship Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.Loyola Institute for Spirituality, Orange, CA
2Major Gospel Themes Trinitarian Theology: Christology: Discipleship: Who is God?Christology:Who is Jesus?Discipleship:How do we live?Pneumatology:Role of Holy Spirit?Eschatology:What's in the future?
3Christology in the Four Gospels Mark:Son of God (powerful)Son of Man (crucified)Matthew:King (Son of David)Teacher (like Moses)Luke:Lord (of ALL nations)Savior (esp. the needy)John:Logos/Word (revealer)Only-begotten Son (sent from the Father)
5Christology & Discipleship: Mark Powerful Son of GodTrust; have faith; be not afraidCrucified Son of Man“Take up your cross and follow me”
6Christology & Discipleship: Matt King, like DavidBe loyal subjects; obey his commandsTeacher, like MosesBe good students; learn; put into action
7Christology & Discipleship: Luke Lord of ALL nationsWelcome strangers/enemies; no us/themSavior of ALL, esp. the needyHelp the poor, sick, old, weak, children…
8Portrait of Jesus, acc. to John? What painting might best capture how John’s Gospel portrays Jesus?
9John’ s Christology Titles attributed to Jesus How Jesus is portrayed Titles already in the SynopticsTitles new/unique to JohnHow Jesus is portrayedHis Words / TeachingsHis Works / SignsHis Passion & Resurrection
10Christological Titles in John Titles for Jesus also in the Synoptics:Christ (19x) / Messiah (2x)Son of DavidKing of the Jews; King of IsraelSon of GodSon of ManProphet, Savior, Lord, Teacher, etc.Titles in the Synoptics, not in JohnEmmanuel – [only in Matthew]
11Christological Titles in John Titles for Jesus unique to John:Logos/WordOnly-begotten SonLamb of GodRevealer/WorkerSent from the FatherParacleteEqual to GodI AM
12The Divine Word / Logos Greek Logos OT: God’s attributes personified Word, phrase, sentence, speechReason, communication, thinking/logicOT: God’s attributes personifiedFace of GodHand of GodVoice of GodWisdom of GodLaw/Torah of GodWord/Speech of God
13The Divine Word / Logos Ref. to Jesus only in John’s Prologue: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (1:1)And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father's only[-begotten] son (monogenes hios), full of grace and truth. (1:14)No one has ever seen God. It is God the only-begotten Son (monogenes hios), who is close to the Father's heart, who has made him known. (1:18)
14The Only-Begotten Son of God Greek: monogenes hios"For God so loved the world that he gave his only [-begotten] Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life. Indeed, God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. Those who believe in him are not con-demned; but those who do not believe are condemned already, because they have not believed in the name of the only [-begotten] Son of God." (John 3:16-18)"God sent his only [-begotten] Son into the world so that we might live through him." (1 John 4:9)Luke 7:12 (Nain); 8:42 (Jairus); 9:38 (Anon.); Heb 11:17 (Isaac)
15Other Christological Titles in John The Lamb of GodJohn 1:29, 36 (cf. 1 Cor 5:7; Acts 8:32; 1 Pet 1:19)The One Sent from the FatherJohn 4:34; 5:36-38; 7:28-29; 17:3-25“Equal to God”John 5:18“Paraclete”Implied in John 14:16“I Am” (fifty-four times; see HO)
16Passages with Multiple Titles 1:1-18 (Prologue)logos; God; life; light, true light;the Father's only-begotten Son1:19-36 (John the Baptizer)the one whom you don’t know; the one coming after me;the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world;the one who ranks ahead of me because he was before me;the one on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain;the one who baptizes with Holy Spirit;the Son of God;the Lamb of God.
17Passages with Multiple Titles (cont.) 1:38-41 (first two disciples)Rabbi (teacher); Messiah (Christ)1:45 (Philip)one about whom Moses and Prophets wrote, Jesus son of Joseph from Nazareth”1:49 (Nathanael)“Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”
18Passages with Multiple Titles (cont.) 4:7-30 (Samaritan woman)a Jew; Sir/Master; prophet; Messiah9:11-30 (man born blind)Jesus; prophet; from God; [Son of Man]; Lord11:27 (Martha)“Yes, Lord, I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, the one coming into the world.”20:28 (Thomas)“My Lord and my God.”20:31 (Evangelist)“... so that you may [come to] believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God...”
19Christology & Discipleship: John Word/Logos; Only-Begotten SonRevealer; Sent-One; Equal to God; I AmDiscipleship = Enter RelationshipSee and/or hear Jesus’ words & actionsCome to believe/trust in himBecome children of GodReceive eternal lifeRemain/live/abide/dwell in HimHave His/God’s Spirit dwelling withinLove one another as Jesus has loved usBear good fruit, that will last
20Expectations for Disciples in John “Do what I command you!”Only commandment in this Gospel: “Love one another as I have loved you”Repeated in 13:34-35; 15:12, 17Also in 1 John 3:11,14,23; 4:7,11-12,20-21Expectations:Main requirement: BELIEVERemain / dwell / live / abideLove one anotherBear fruit
21Disciples within John’s Gospel No “apostles” in John (in 13:16 = messenger)Instead, “disciples, brothers/sisters, friends”First five disciples (1:19-51; and later refs.)Andrew & ??; Simon; Philip & NathanaelJesus often dialogues with them (Q & A)“The Twelve”Not individually named; ref. in 6:67-71; 20:24The “Disciple Whom Jesus Loved (BD)”From Last Supper to Resurrection (also earlier?)Other named & anonymous disciples(See handout – add Nicodemus & Joseph of Arimathea)
22Named & Anonymous Disciples Jesus’ mother (2:1-12; 6:42; 19:25-27)Judas Iscariot (6:70-71; 12:4-8; 13:2, 21-30; 18:2-5)Man Born Blind (9:1-41, esp. v. 28)Martha, Mary, Lazarus of Bethany (11:1-45; 12:1-8)Thomas Didymus/Twin (11:16; 14:5; 20:24-28; 21:2)Another Judas (14:22)Mary of Magdala (19:25; 20:1-2; 20:11-18)“his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas” (19:25)Joseph of Arimathea (19:38-42)Sons of Zebedee (21:2)
23Women in the Fourth Gospel 2:1-12 Mother of Jesus at Cana Wedding4:1-42 Samaritan Woman at the Well11:1-45 Martha & Mary intercede with Jesus for their brother Lazarus12:1-8 Mary of Bethany anoints Jesus19:25b-27 Mother of Jesus & other Women at Foot of Cross (incl. “Mary of Clopas”)20:1-2 Mary Magdalene discovers Tomb Empty20:11-18 Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene[8:1-11] Adulterous Woman [not originally in John]Q: Which inspires you most as a model of faith?