Presentation on theme: "Failing to win in New England, the British will move south to seek a victory."— Presentation transcript:
Failing to win in New England, the British will move south to seek a victory
British early goal in the south was to capture key cities and little by little move north. Starting in Florida, the British early target was Savannah, GA. In SC, the British captured Charles Town. This allowed Gen. Charles Cornwallis to move the war into NC. Americans used Guerilla Warfare: small bands of fighters that hit-and-run
Francis Marion: South Carolina man that led his men through swamps. Him and his men attacked without warning then retreated back to the swamps. Marion received the nickname SWAMP FOX. Loyalist Guerilla bands went throughout the South, pillaging Patriot farms and killing many men, women, and children.
Kings Mountain: October 7, 1780: 900 frontier fighters (mostly backwoods moonshiners) defeated British and Loyalist forces. Dec. 1780: Nathanael Greene (commander of Continental Army in the South) split the army in two. Greene led 1,200 to the east while Daniel Morgan was chosen to lead the 800 men in the west. Morgan used smart military tactics to defeat the British at the Battle of Cowpens.
Benedict Arnold had been a beloved General and leader for the Continental Army. Arnold believed that he was worthy enough and deserved to be promoted to a better position in the army but time and time again he was overlooked by Congress. Arnold plotted to overturn West Point to the British
British General Cornwallis moved his army to Yorktown (located on the Chesapeake Bay. Cornwallis believed the British Navy would reinforce his position in the bay. British Navy never arrived; French chased off the British ships. Meanwhile, Washington and his men pushed into VA and trapped Cornwallis. 3 weeks Cornwallis stalled before finally surrendering. British troops were forced to march between French and American soldiers as they relinquished their weapons.
The King of England refused to believe the Americans had won the war, but Parliament agreed to stop fighting Peace talks began in Paris (1782) TREATY OF PARIS Britain recognized American Independence Set nations boundaries (Atlantic: East, Canada: North, MS River: West, Florida: South) War officially ended August 15, 1783
13 Independent states were established Influenced the French Revolution of 1789 Enhanced ideas about equality and liberty.