War expands: N. Africa, Soviet Front, Pacific U.S. Mobilizes: 1 st U.S. wants revenge Churchill urged united strikes on N. Africa & S. Europe– U.S. agrees Stalin angry; wanted 2 nd front in France
Japanese victories: “Asia for the Asians” Phillipines—Corregidor: MacArthur escapes; saves U.S. morale, promises to return! Hong Kong Malaya Burma Indochina Conquerors, brutal treatment,
April 1942: Doolittle’s Raid—bombs Tokyo—U.S. morale up/ Japan down (psych. Victory) May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea– Allies (U.S. & Aust.) intercept Jap. Force abt to attack Aust. **1 st in naval history: ships don’t fight, aircraft from carriers destroy ships!! Outcome: Draw– more Allied ships sunk BUT Japan’s attack on Aust. Stopped!!
June: Battle of Midway **turning pt. Key U.S. air field Jap. Code broken; Ad. Chester Nimitz knows HUGE fleet is coming Nimitz’s ambush; hides carriers & attacks Japanese unexpectedly Outcome: Japanese losses: 4 aircraft carriers & 332 planes, 200 exp. Pilots, U.S. now on the offense; Japan must defend! Prevents Jap. From attacking Aust.
July: 1 st El Alamein- Brits halt German advance to Cairo & on Oct. – Nov.: 2 nd El Alamein Brits w/ “Monty” Bernard Montgomery Germans: Rommel Turning pt.: Ends Axis hopes of Egypt, Suez canal & oil
Who: Allies (including U.S.) West. Task force under: Maj. Gen. George S. Patton Goal: take out Vichy N. Africa Continues into 1943 Kasserine Pass- 1 st large U.S. /German encounter Maj. Losses for green U.S. military Results: Eisenhower begins restructuring Army Patton sent in to replace Fredendall