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 December 7, 1941  Pearl Harbor  Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Hong Kong, and Singapore  “A Day that will live in Infamy”

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Presentation on theme: " December 7, 1941  Pearl Harbor  Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Hong Kong, and Singapore  “A Day that will live in Infamy”"— Presentation transcript:

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2  December 7, 1941  Pearl Harbor  Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Hong Kong, and Singapore  “A Day that will live in Infamy”

3 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto

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5  War expands: N. Africa, Soviet Front, Pacific  U.S. Mobilizes:  1 st U.S. wants revenge  Churchill urged united strikes on N. Africa & S. Europe– U.S. agrees  Stalin angry; wanted 2 nd front in France

6  Japanese victories: “Asia for the Asians”  Phillipines—Corregidor: MacArthur escapes; saves U.S. morale, promises to return!  Hong Kong  Malaya  Burma  Indochina Conquerors, brutal treatment,

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10  Head of Pacific forces  Island hopping plan– “Hit ‘em where they ain’t. Let ‘em die on the vine”.

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12 Bataan Death March : April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.

13 Bataan Death March : April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.

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15  Beheadings, torture, starvations, executions, beatings, stabbings, buried alive, etc.  Deaths: Est. 11,000

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17 Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]

18  April 1942: Doolittle’s Raid—bombs Tokyo—U.S. morale up/ Japan down (psych. Victory)  May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea– Allies (U.S. & Aust.) intercept Jap. Force abt to attack Aust. **1 st in naval history: ships don’t fight, aircraft from carriers destroy ships!! Outcome: Draw– more Allied ships sunk BUT Japan’s attack on Aust. Stopped!!

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23  June: Battle of Midway **turning pt.  Key U.S. air field  Jap. Code broken; Ad. Chester Nimitz knows HUGE fleet is coming  Nimitz’s ambush; hides carriers & attacks Japanese unexpectedly  Outcome: Japanese losses: 4 aircraft carriers & 332 planes, 200 exp. Pilots, U.S. now on the offense; Japan must defend! Prevents Jap. From attacking Aust.

24 Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942

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27 July: 1 st El Alamein- Brits halt German advance to Cairo & on Oct. – Nov.: 2 nd El Alamein Brits w/ “Monty” Bernard Montgomery Germans: Rommel Turning pt.: Ends Axis hopes of Egypt, Suez canal & oil

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30  Who: Allies (including U.S.)  West. Task force under: Maj. Gen. George S. Patton  Goal: take out Vichy N. Africa  Continues into 1943  Kasserine Pass-  1 st large U.S. /German encounter  Maj. Losses for green U.S. military  Results: Eisenhower begins restructuring Army Patton sent in to replace Fredendall

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34  Summer 1942 – Feb. 1943  German 6 th army  Soviets hold-out, fighting bld. To bld., winter sets in, Germans freezing & encircled  Hitler’s “air bridge” to supply 6 th army = fail!  Signif: Russians on offensive; maj. German losses 6 th army & to Lufwaffe 91,000 Germans capt. 5,000 returned….

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39  February- Germans surrender @ Stalingrad  May- Axis surr. In French N. Africa  July- Italian campaign—slow (see 598 – 599)  Sicily  Patton & Monty  Patton’s troubles

40  Nov. : Tehran Conference-  Big 3 meet: (Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt) to determine course of war  Decisions: Invade Franch in Spring, divide post-war Germany

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42  Pacific…  Nov: Island hopping con’t  Tarawa Island

43  Jan: Casablanca Conf.: (Only 2 of big 3)  Feb.: Germans surrender @ Stalingrad  May: Axis surrenders N. Africa  July: Italian Campaign begins  Nov. Tehran Conf. (Big 3)

44  Operation Overlord – Spring/Summer offensive  Massive Build up  Sup. Allied Commander: Dwight D. Eisenhower  Normandy vs. Calais  The Atlantic Wall: Rommel  Patton’s fake army

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55  176,000 Allied Soldiers  Paratroopers  Gold, Juno, Sword, Utah, and Omaha Beaches

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60  July 20, 1944  Assassination attempt  Rommel

61  Breakout of the Hedgerows  Patton’s 3 rd Army  August 25, 1944 Paris

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65  Breakout of the Hedgerows  Patton’s 3 rd Army  August 25, 1944 Paris

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70  “I have returned”— MacArthur  Allies land on Leyte, Philippines  Oct. Battle of Leyte Gulf- Japanese attempt to destroy Am. fleet  Result: Jap. Navy weakened; Kamikazes & army last hope!

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74  Operation Market Garden  December 1944  Bastogne  “Nuts!”  Patton

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79  Firebombing Dresden: Feb. 1945  Non-military target  Cultural city  Massive civilian loss

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85  March 1945: Allies crossing the Rhine  3 million Allies from S.W.  6 million Soviets from E.  April 25 th : Soviets surround Berlin  April 12 th : Roosevelt dies; Truman pres.

86  May 7, 1945– Eisenhower accepts unconditional surrender  May 8 th : official V-E Day


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