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Bell ringer ●An airplane has just crashed in the ocean. There’s a dessert island nearby, and there’s room on the lifeboat for every person-plus 12 items.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell ringer ●An airplane has just crashed in the ocean. There’s a dessert island nearby, and there’s room on the lifeboat for every person-plus 12 items."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell ringer ●An airplane has just crashed in the ocean. There’s a dessert island nearby, and there’s room on the lifeboat for every person-plus 12 items you need to survive on the island. Choose which items you want to take as a group. How did you decide? How do you rank or rate each one. (you have 10 min)

2 Texas Filibusters

3 Goal ● Filibusters wanted to free Texas from all of Spain. They wanted to join it to the U.S. or make it an independent country. Other filibusters simply wanted an adventure and wealth. ●

4 The Philip Nolan Expedition ● Came to TX as a mustang trader in 1791, three times with Sp. permission ● worked for James Wilkinson ● Sp. believed he was spying and was arrested in 1800, his 4th trip ● Came with 20 men…40 miles from Waco ● Nolan resisted arrest and was killed ●

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6 The Gutierrez-Magee Expedition ● First led by Father Miguel Hidalgo, Sept. 16, 1810, for Mexican independence form Spain…captured and killed ● Jose Bernardo Gutierrez, supporter of Hidalgo, attacked Texas and raised a small army with help of the U.S. when he met U.S. army officer Augustus William Magee. ● 130 volunteers, flying a solid green flag, they captured Nacogdoches in Aug ● Sept. captured La Bahia…Magee died in winter ● March 1813 they took San Antonio, 800 rebels defeating a force of 1,200 Spanish

7 ● Sp. Officers executed ● Arguments over Texas joining U.S. or Mexico ● Meanwhile, Sp. officer Arredondo moves into Texas and after a clash, 1,000 rebels lay dead…ending the rebellion ● Cont.

8 Pirates on the Coast ● Henry Perry of the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition, with 300, took control of Galveston in 1815…which became home to pirates raiding Spanish ships ● French Pirate Jean Lafitte,pirate and smuggler from Louisiana, fought for U.S. in War of 1812, pardoned of his crimes as a reward for service ● Wanted to gain personal wealth from Sp. Ships ● 1820 U.S. Navy forced him to leave Galveston ● He continued to raid ships and died a few year later ●

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10 The Long Expedition ● Dr. James Long from Mississippi, angry about the Adams-Onis Treaty ● Wanted Texas either independent or part of the U.S. ● 1819, with a force of 120, invaded Texas and captured Nacogdoches…500 Sp. troops then ran them out ● 1820 back to Texas and 1821 attacked La Bahia, but was captured ● While awaiting trial, Long was shot and killed by a Sp. soldier

11 Cont. ● Meanwhile, Jane Long, daughter, and their slave waited for James (in Texas) ● In December, Jane gave birth to another daughter ● The family struggled through the winter, fought off Karankawa Indians, and then returned to Mississippi ● Jane would later return to Texas with Stephen F. Austin’s colonists. ● She is called “The Mother of Texas” ●

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13 Assignment ● You will create a “wanted poster” for one of the filibusters ● You must include the following - Wanted…name for filibustering in Texas (large at the top of the page) - an illustration - at least four things listed that relate to the wanted person and the crimes he has committed

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