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Grammar Nouns Pronouns Articles Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Phrases/clauses/subordinate clause Conjunctions/Connectives Subject/Object.

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Presentation on theme: "Grammar Nouns Pronouns Articles Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Phrases/clauses/subordinate clause Conjunctions/Connectives Subject/Object."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar Nouns Pronouns Articles Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Phrases/clauses/subordinate clause Conjunctions/Connectives Subject/Object

2 Articles The three articles are “a”, “an” and “the”.

3 Nouns Nouns are naming words. They refer to a name, place, brand or thing. The most popular noun is a common noun – these are a name of a thing have no capital letter: chair, table, tree. The other most popular noun is a proper noun – these are names of People, Places and Brands and require a capital letter: Mrs Woodward, London, Nike. There are also abstract nouns and collective nouns. An abstract noun Is a word for ideas and concepts: jealousy, boredom, happiness, honesty. A collective noun is a collection of things: pride, swarm, flock. Both these nouns do not need a capital letter – unless they start at the beginning of a sentence. A concrete noun is a noun that refers to people and things that exist Physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard and tasted.

4 Pronouns Pronouns are those handy words which save us from repeating the noun. They Replace the noun: He, me, she, it, he, her, him, his, you, they, your, their, our, We, them, I, us. There is no need to use a capital letter for a pronoun – unless It starts at the beginning of a sentence. Possessive pronouns tell you who or what owns a noun. Relative pronouns introduce more information about the noun.

5 Verbs Verbs are doing words. All main verbs have two simple tenses, the present tense and the past tense: I walk – present; I walked – past; Action verbs – running, bought, putting on, has seen. Verbs of state (states of mind)- feel, hate, wishes, Agreed, mean, belonged, is being, expecting, were tasting. Active and Passive verbs - an active verb is something you are physically doing An action – a passive verb is something you have already done (you are not doing it at the moment): The eggs were thrown – passive; The old castle is haunted by ghosts. Auxiliary Verbs – are verbs which are used together with other verbs: We are going; Lucy has grown; Can you play? The most common auxiliary verbs Are: be, have and do. Modal Verbs – are: can and will.

6 Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns. They make the noun more interesting and build up detail: wonderful, expensive, blue, shiny, mischievious.

7 Adverbs Adverbs describe the verb. They make the verb more interesting – top tip – They usually end in “LY”: quickly, secretly, carefully, Although, you can have adverbials; soon, perhaps, never, sometimes

8 Prepositions Prepositions tell us when or where something happened: under, around, between, on, opposite, after, over, into, ahead and to.

9 Phrases/Clauses and Subordinate Clause A main clause is a group of words which contain a verb and someone Doing the action (it makes sense on its own): Ann went to the bank; A complex sentences are those that contain a subordinate clause as well as a main clause; He stayed at home because he was ill. A subordinate clause is is a less important bit of a sentence which does not make sense on its own. It will be introduced by a linking word such as when, if, because or that: While you were out, I watched TV – subordinate clause is while you Were out. A phrase is a small part of a sentence, usually without a verb: Under the stairs – prepositional phrase Blue leather shoes – noun phrase Very slowly – adverbial phrase

10 Conjunctions/Connectives Conjunctions/Connectives are words that join two parts of a sentence or clause together: but, however, therefore, not withstanding, and, so, meanwhile (and so on).

11 Subject and Object The subject is either a noun or a pronoun and normally the subject comes before the verb in a sentence. The Object is a also a noun phrase or a pronoun: She used her old skateboard – she is the subject – skateboard is the object.


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