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Book 1Lesson Seven Meaning a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon barber shop:

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Presentation on theme: "Book 1Lesson Seven Meaning a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon barber shop:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Book 1Lesson Seven

3 Meaning a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon a.m.: (also: AM, A.M. am; L. ante meridiem) before noon barber shop: a place where a person cuts men’s hair and shaves them\ barber shop: a place where a person cuts men’s hair and shaves them\ bill: a list of things bought and their price bill: a list of things bought and their price bookshop: a shop where book are sold bookshop: a shop where book are sold bore: to make someone tired or uninterested bore: to make someone tired or uninterested brush: a device for cleaning, painting, etc. brush: a device for cleaning, painting, etc. café: a small restaurant where light meals and drinks are served café: a small restaurant where light meals and drinks are served Word study Word Study

4 camera: a device for taking photographs camera: a device for taking photographs chef: a skilled male cook chef: a skilled male cook cleaner: a person whose job is cleaning offices, etc. cleaner: a person whose job is cleaning offices, etc. clear: to (cause to) become clear clear: to (cause to) become clear club: a meeting place of people who are associated for a common purpose club: a meeting place of people who are associated for a common purpose cook: to prepare (food) for eating by using heat cook: to prepare (food) for eating by using heat Word study

5 cooking: preparing food cooking: preparing food customer: a person who buys goods or service form a shop customer: a person who buys goods or service form a shop demand: to need urgently demand: to need urgently electricity: electric current as a public utility for light electricity: electric current as a public utility for light enable: to make (something or someone) able (to do something) enable: to make (something or someone) able (to do something) Word study

6 especially: in a special or particular way especially: in a special or particular way experience: knowledge or skill which comes from practice rather than from books experience: knowledge or skill which comes from practice rather than from books flat: (of a tyre) without enough air in it flat: (of a tyre) without enough air in it gain: to get gain: to get generally: by most people generally: by most people hand out: to give to each member of a group of people hand out: to give to each member of a group of people hard: difficult hard: difficult Word study

7 in the meanwhile: during the same period of time in the meanwhile: during the same period of time in trouble: with difficulty in trouble: with difficulty make up: to make an amount or number) complete make up: to make an amount or number) complete manager: a man who controls a business manager: a man who controls a business menu: a list of dishes in a meal or to be ordered as separate meals menu: a list of dishes in a meal or to be ordered as separate meals Word study

8 mop: to clean with a bundle of rags, etc. mop: to clean with a bundle of rags, etc. part-time: during only a part of the regular working time part-time: during only a part of the regular working time p.m.: (also: PM, P.M., or pm; L. post meridiem) after noon p.m.: (also: PM, P.M., or pm; L. post meridiem) after noon pressure: a pressing or being pressed; a compelling influence; a state of distress pressure: a pressing or being pressed; a compelling influence; a state of distress refrigerator: a large box, cupboard, or room in which food or drink can be kept for a time at a low temperature refrigerator: a large box, cupboard, or room in which food or drink can be kept for a time at a low temperature Word study

9 restaurant: a place where food is sold and eaten restaurant: a place where food is sold and eaten salad: a cold dish of fruits and vegetables salad: a cold dish of fruits and vegetables serve: to give food to people as or at a meal serve: to give food to people as or at a meal service: attention to buyers in a shop, in a hotel or in a restaurant, etc. service: attention to buyers in a shop, in a hotel or in a restaurant, etc. to be short of: lack to be short of: lack snack bar: a place for buying and eating sandwiches, drinks, etc. snack bar: a place for buying and eating sandwiches, drinks, etc. trainee: a person who is being given teaching or practice, in a profession or skill trainee: a person who is being given teaching or practice, in a profession or skill training: being drilled or made fit for something training: being drilled or made fit for something Word study

10 type: to write on a typewriter, computer keyboard, etc. type: to write on a typewriter, computer keyboard, etc. typewriter: a manual or electric machine used to print words in type (compare: typist: a person who types) typewriter: a manual or electric machine used to print words in type (compare: typist: a person who types) waiter: a man who serves food at the tables in a restaurant waiter: a man who serves food at the tables in a restaurant waitress: a female person who serves food at the tables in a restaurant waitress: a female person who serves food at the tables in a restaurant weekend: Saturday and Sunday (compare: weekday: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday) weekend: Saturday and Sunday (compare: weekday: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday) windy: with a lot of wind windy: with a lot of wind Word study

11 bore: bore: That movie about the war bored me. The old man is alone all the time and is bored to tears (stiff). demand: demand: They demanded payment today. She demanded to know what was happening. The panel demanded that the report be made public. Slowly he counted out the amount demanded of him. enable: enable: This enabled him to earn more money. Word study

12 Experience: Experience: 1) Uncountable knowledge and skill gained through time spent doing a job or activity You don’t need any experience to work here. She has years of experience in the computer industry. Do you have any previous experience with children? We’re looking for someone with experience as a teacher. You need to get more management experience. Word study

13 Experience: Experience: 1) Uncountable the knowledge you get from life and from being in a lot of different situations Experience told me not to believe him. I can say from personal experience that it’s hard not having a job. Helen knew from past experience that there was no point in arguing with him. In my experience, very intelligent people can still make terrible mistakes. Word study

14 Experience: Experience: 2) Countable: something that happen to you, or a situation that you are involved in our childhood experiences A lot of the people we talked to had had the same experience. It was here first experience of dealing with people from another culture. The whole thing must have been an interesting experience for you. I had a bad experience in the last place I worked. This is an opportunity for people to share their experiences of living with the disease. Word study

15 Review some useful words and phrases in Drills A, B and C. Do Drill D with your partner, each asking the other five questions. Make short conversations by using substitution words. Pattern drills Pattern Drills

16 Drills: Tag questions readunderstandingpractice 1) Each student asks his partner ten questions about anything you like with tag questions in different tenses. 2) Two students standing at the teaching platform and answer five tag questions raised by other students. Pattern Drills

17 Text A A Letter Text Learning

18 Their job is to give good service to the customers. When an infinitive is a predicative, the particle ‘to’ in some cases can be omitted. What I want to do now is write a letter home.

19 Text Learning … need to be at least 16 years old. ‘need’ can be either a modal verb and a lexical verb. You needn’t come if you don’t like. I need to finish my homework tonight. When a modal verb, it is usually used in negative or interrogative sentences or formative sentences with semi- negatives such as ‘hardly, seldom, rarely, etc. or if subordinate to a non assertive main clause. You need hardly say that he is innocent. I don’t know if you need come in person.

20 Text Learning When a lexical verb, it can be used in all kinds of sentences. You don’t need to trouble yourself. Did you need to mow your lawn? When ‘need’ as a modal verb with a perfect infinitive, it is different from its past form: You needn’t have done that. (You have done that but it was unnecessary.) You didn’t need to do that. (You did not do that because it was unnecessary.)

21 Text Learning at least / at most You usually start by working as… work as trainee waiter: cf. trainer until you have gained… have days off

22 Text Learning Waiting on tables: (a use of metonymy: substituting the name of one thing for that of another with which it is closely associated. tables = people eating at tables) wait on sb.: to serve people in a restaurant wait on sth: to wait for particular thing to happen Some lunch times when it gets really busy Julie… (analyze the structure of the sentence.)

23 Text Learning Public holidays in Australia: Anzac: the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps in the first world war Gallipoli: a penisula in Turkey on the European side Bank Holiday: day on which banks are legally closed, usu. kept as general holiday also ( 星期六之外的银行假日 ) Christmas Day: 25 Dec. festival of Christ’s birth and devoted esp. to family reunion and merry-making Boxing Day: first weekday after Christmas (on which Christmas-boxes were traditionally given) 节礼日 Christmas-box: small present or gratuity given at Christmas esp. ot employees of firms providing regular services

24 Text Learning Public holidays in Australia: Australia Day: Good Friday: Friday before Easter day, commemorating Crucifixion (crucifixion: crucifying of Christ) Easter Monday: 复活节次日 Easter: 复活节 Christian festival commemorating Christ’s resur-rection, corresponding to Passover, and observed on a variable Sunday (Easter Day, Easter Sunday) in March or April Anzac Day: 新澳军人节 Anzac Day: 25 Apr., a public holiday commemorating the Anzac landing in Gallipoli.

25 Text Learning Oral and Written Work 1. Describe Julie's daily routine Students prepare a narration about Julie’s daily routine and then a student tells her/his narration to the whole class. 2. Pair work Students tell his/her daily activities to his/her partner first and then one student tells his/hers to the whole class.

26 Text Learning Oral and Written Work 3. Listen to the tape 4. Group activity Read the model first and then three people will role-play the activity. 5. written work 6. Punctuation exercise Students put commas in right places they think and then check them with the right ones.

27 Phonetics * collar: the material around the neck of a shirt, coat * wander: go from place to place without a fixed plan or goal, roam * dock: a type of wharf or pier where boats or ships stop for (un)loading or repairs * shawl: a large knit or woven piece of fabric worn around the head or shoulders * stock: animals on farm Exercises Exercises

28 Grammar * What does Julie want to be? * How long does she have to wait before she can begin her training? * Where is she working now? * How many hours does she work a day? * What does she do when they have finished? * How many tables does she look after? * Who does the cooking? * What does Julie like? Exercises


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