Presentation on theme: "USING TRANSITIONS. TRANSITIONS PURPOSE 3 TRANSITIONS *Coherence* oIn the end, you want your essay to be a unified whole a strong link chain, if you."— Presentation transcript:
3 TRANSITIONS *Coherence* oIn the end, you want your essay to be a unified whole a strong link chain, if you will. oThe technical term for this chain effect is COHERENCE.
4 TRANSITIONS *Coherence* oCoherence points to not only the logical flow of ideas but also the inter-connectedness of ideas. oIn other words, how the ideas relate to each other. oThis is where TRANSITIONS come in: they help build coherence.
5 TRANSITIONS *No sentence is an island* oPoor Writing = Poor Writing is characterized by – a lack of coherence incoherence, disjointedness, rambling short, choppy, unrelated sentences.
6 TRANSITIONS *No sentence is an island* oPoor Writing = The writer has not demonstrated any relationships between ideas: Each desert-island-sentence floats alone –in the ocean-paragraph –with no bridge connecting them. Consequently, just like someone stranded on an island, the idea soon shrivels and dies.
7 TRANSITIONS *Transitions are bridges* oTransitions are the BRIDGES between sentences they connect ideas they show how ideas are related to each other and they build a unified paragraph
8 TRANSITIONS *Transitions are bridges* oSome of the relationships they show include example/illustration cause or effect comparison or contrast emphasis sequence and summary.
9 TRANSITIONS *From Paragraph to Paragraph* oOnce each paragraph becomes a cohesive whole coherent connected logically oThen we use transitions to connect coherent paragraphs to each other, too.
10 TRANSITIONS *From Paragraph to Paragraph* oIn order to build a larger point, we can employ transitions between paragraphs to reference contrast or continue oa previous idea.
11 TRANSITIONS *The Whole Essay* oThus, the final essay represents a series of associations of relationships of links of bridges obetween ideas.
12 TRANSITIONS *The Whole Essay* oBecause of this interconnectedness, the writer's thesis is logical sound and coherent... Brooklyn, NY
13 TRANSITIONS *The Whole Essay* o…and the reader can easily follow the course of the argument, “crossing” from one point to another. Portland, OR
14 TRANSITIONS To carry this metaphor to its conclusion oTransitions provide the valuable infrastructure necessary for a reader to travel uninterruptedly between each of the island-states, oand the final unified essay created with them has become like a centralized form of government uniting a group of island-states under one flag (title).
24 TRANSITIONS: Lists oALTERNATIVE alternatively, similarly, correspondingly, in the same way oSIMILARITY similarly, also, in the same way, just as, so too, likewise, equally
25 TRANSITIONS: Lists oCOMPARISON by/in comparison, similarly, in the same way, in like manner, likewise, by the same token, in a similar fashion, in relation to, in respect of, with reference to, with regard to, a propos, vis-à-vis
26 TRANSITIONS: Lists oCONTRAST in contrast, by contrast, conversely, on the other hand, on the contrary, but, however, although, though, otherwise, at the same time, notwithstanding, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas, but, yet, besides, versus, while, instead
27 TRANSITIONS: Lists oCAUSE because, since, on account of, for that reason oEFFECT therefore, consequently, accordingly, thus, hence, as a result
28 TRANSITIONS: Lists oCLARIFICATION that is, that is to say, in other words, to explain, to clarify, to put it another way, to rephrase it oCONCESSION to be sure, granted, of course, still, yet, nevertheless, notwithstanding, however, however much, even though
29 TRANSITIONS: Lists oDEDUCTION then, in other words, in that case, otherwise, this implies, if not, if so, thus
30 TRANSITIONS: Lists oEMPHASIS-INTENSIFICATION even, indeed, in fact, in truth, truly, definitely, emphatically, unquestionably, undeniably, of course, obviously, without reservation, without a doubt, undoubtedly, certainly, by all means, never, always, perennially, eternally
31 TRANSITIONS: Lists EXAMPLE/ILLUSTRATION for example, for instance, to illustrate, to demonstrate, namely, specifically, take the case of, in this case, on this occasion, in this situation, as follows: the following:
32 TRANSITIONS: Lists oEXCEPTION but, yet, still, however, in spite of, despite, nonetheless, nevertheless, sometimes
33 TRANSITIONS: Lists oPURPOSE to that end, to this end, for this purpose, for that reason, so that, in order that, intentionally oQUALIFICATION may, might, almost, nearly, very, truly, indeed, probably, possibly, conceivably, perchance, maybe, perhaps, always, never, frequently, occasionally, although
34 TRANSITIONS: Lists oGENERALIZATION generally speaking, generally, in general, on the whole, as a rule, for the most part, in most cases, usually, typically, characteristically, naturally, normally, on average, predictably, habitually, by and large, more often than not
35 TRANSITIONS: Lists oNEW POINT (to a) with regard to, with reference to, as for, in terms of, now, as far as – is concerned, it follows that, turning to
36 TRANSITIONS: Lists oPROOF because, for (that means “because”), as, for that reason, since, therefore, thus, hence, evidently, obviously, furthermore, moreover, besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in view of the fact, while, seeing as
37 TRANSITIONS: Lists oOBVIOUSNESS obviously, clearly, naturally, of course, surely, after all, as expected oPLACE/POSITION above, across, adjacent, after, behind, below, beyond, in front of, here, there, next, next to, near, nearby
38 TRANSITIONS: Lists oSEQUENCE/ORDER first, second, next, then, finally, after, afterwards, following, at this time, at this point, this time, simultaneously, concurrently, soon, subsequently, while, meanwhile, when, during, immediately, later, earlier, sometimes, always, never, whenever, now, until now, once
39 TRANSITIONS: Lists oTIME first, second, next, then, finally, after, afterwards, following, at this time, at this point, this time, simultaneously, concurrently, soon, subsequently, while, meanwhile, when, during, immediately, later, thereafter, earlier, sometimes, always, never, whenever, now, until now, once, previously
40 TRANSITIONS: Lists oREPETITION in other words, as I have noted, as has been noted, as noted above, as I have said, in summary, to summarize, in brief, rather, to put it more simply
41 TRANSITIONS: Lists oSUMMARY finally, lastly, thus, hence, therefore, in conclusion, to summarize, in sum, in summary, in brief, in short, in a word, in the final analysis, on the whole, overall, that is to say, summing up, as accordingly, as I have said/proven/shown, as a result, consequently
42 SUMMATION *TRANSITIONS* oBuild coherence oLink ideas oShow relationship between ideas o“bridges” o“links in a chain”