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BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Part Four ENTER.

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2 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Part Four ENTER

3 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I. Word StudyWord Study II. Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases and Expressions III. Word BuildingWord Building IV. GrammarGrammar Language Study

4 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study Word list: 1.beatbeat 2.castcast 3.avenueavenue 4.barelybarely 5.gustgust 6.emptyempty 7.clubclub 15. figurefigure 16. exclaimexclaim 17. moderatelymoderately 18. outlineoutline 19. brilliantbrilliant 20. releaserelease 21. steadysteady 22. airair 8. slightslight 9. downdown 10. leanlean 11. straightstraight 12. strikestrike 13. keenkeen 14. oddlyoddly

5 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 1. beat n. the area regularly covered by a reporter, a police officer, or a sentry Examples: a policeman out on the/his beat 外出辖区执行巡逻任务的警察 television's culture beat 电视的文化专题采访

6 BTLEW I.Word Study Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years 2. cast v. a. to throw with force; hurl b. to turn or direct c. to throw off; remove; get rid of As soon as they reached the fishing area, the fishermen cast their nets into the sea. All eyes were cast upon the speaker. As soon as he became rich he cast aside all his old friends who gave him some help. Examples: BTLEW

7 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 3. avenue n. a. wide road or path, often lined with trees, esp. one that leads to a large house b. wide street lined with trees or tall buildings In New York city, the streets running from the west to the east are called streets, such as 31st street, and those running from the north to the south are often called avenues, such as the Fifth Avenue.

8 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 4. barely ad. a. almost not; only just; scarcely; hardly b. in a bare way; sparsely Examples: We barely had time to catch the train. He can barely read or write. I can barely make both ends meet. How can I buy a car? The room was furnished barely. (=with very little furniture)

9 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study n. sudden violent rush of air, or of rain, smoke, etc.; an outburst of emotion Examples: The gust of wind blew the door shut. fitful gusts of wind 阵阵的狂风 a gust of anger 勃然大怒 5. gust

10 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 6. empty v. to transfer or pour off completely; to remove the contents of; to become empty Examples: empty one’s glass into the sink The traveler emptied out all his pockets onto the table, but still couldn't find his passport. This dreadful film soon emptied the cinema of people.

11 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study n. a. heavy stick with one end thicker than the other, suitable for the use as a weapon b. an implement used in some games to drive a ball 7. club v. a. to strike or beat with a club b. to join or combine for a common purpose Examples: Father plays golf with a golf club. The boys clubbed together to buy their teacher a present.

12 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 8. slight a. not serious or important; small Examples: The differences between the two pictures are very slight. do something without the slightest difficulty, or with no difficulty at all She takes offence at the slightest things. (= She is very easily offended.)

13 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 9. down ad. towards the direction in which one is facing; toward or in the south; southward; away from a place considered a center of activity, such as a city or town Examples: He lives just down the street. Go down the road till you reach the traffic lights. fly down to Florida He was sent down to work at the firm's regional office.

14 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 10. lean v. (against/on something) to rest on something in a sloping position for support Examples: a ladder leaning against the wall The old man leant upon his stick. lean on somebody’s arm, one’ s elbows, etc.

15 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 11. straight a. a. accurate and without additions; not modified or elaborate b. (of a person, his behavior, etc.) honest; truthful Examples: tell a straight story 实事求是地讲一件事 give a straight answer to a straight question 直率地 回答直率的问题 I do not think you are being straight with me. 我认 为你对我不够坦诚. It is time for some straight talking. (= some frank discussion)

16 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 12. strike v. to hit sharply or forcefully; to collide or crash into; to make an attack; to ignite by friction; to come suddenly to the mind of Examples: He struck his opponent a tremendous blow on the jaw. Lightening struck in several places but no one was hurt. These damp matches won’t strike. A thought struck him like a silver dagger.

17 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 13. keen a. a. (of the senses) highly developed b. (of the mind) quick to understand c. (of the points and cutting edges of knives, etc.) sharp Examples: Dogs have a keen sense of smell. a keen wit/intelligence a keen blade/edge Cf. sharp To be continued on the next page.

18 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study sharp a. a. having a fine edge or point; capable of cutting or piercing; not blunt b. quickly aware of things; acute; alert c. quick, brisk, vigorous d. intended or intending to criticize, injure, etc.; harsh; severe Examples: The shears aren't sharp enough to cut the grass. It was very sharp of you to notice the detail straight away. 你真机灵,一下子就注意到这一细节。 a sharp struggle 激烈的斗争 She was very sharp with me when I forgot my book.

19 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study ad. in a strange or peculiar manner Examples: behave oddly 行为怪异 be oddly dressed 衣着奇异 She looked at him very oddly. 她怪模怪样地 看着他。 Oddly enough, we were just talking about the same thing. 说来也奇怪,我们刚谈的正是这 件事。 14. oddly

20 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 15. figure v. to think; to consider or regard; to calculate; to conclude, believe, or predict Examples: I figured that you would not come. I figured them as con artists. I never figured that this would happen. Sam couldn’t figure out how to print a program until the teacher showed him how.

21 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 16. exclaim v. to cry out suddenly and loudly from pain, anger, surprise, etc. Examples: “What,” he exclaimed, “Are you leaving without me?” He could not help exclaiming at how much his son had grown. He exclaimed that it was untrue.

22 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 17. moderately ad. to a moderate extent; not very; quite; not too well, not too badly either Examples: a moderately good performance a moderately expensive house She only did moderately well in the exam.

23 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 18. outline v. to give a short general description of (something); to summarize n. a statement, summary of a written work or speech; a preliminary draft or plan Examples: an outline of American literature We outlined our main objections to the proposal.

24 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 19. brilliant a. a. very bright; sparkling b. very intelligent; highly skilled or talented c. causing admiration; outstanding; exceptional Examples: brilliant sunshine a brilliant diamond a brilliant scientist She has a brilliant mind. a brilliant achievement The play was a brilliant success. Translation 灿烂的阳光 耀眼的钻石 卓越的科学家 她非常聪明。 非凡的成就 这出戏是一大成功。

25 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 20. release v. Examples: He was released from the prison. ( let free ) The news was released in yesterday’s New York Times. (made known) She needed to do something to release her tension. (get rid of) We could release you from your duties for two days. Meanwhile, you take a good rest. (allow you not to do your work)

26 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 21. steady a. firmly fixed, supported, or balanced; not shaking, rocking or likely to fall over Examples: He’s not very steady on his legs after his illness. Such fine work requires a steady hand and a steady eye. She was trembling with excitement, but her voice was steady.

27 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 22. air n. impression given; appearance or manner The end of Word Study. Examples: smile with a triumphant air do things with an confident air (confidently) The place has an air of mystery. (The place looks mysterious.)

28 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years List: 1.(every) now and then/again(every) now and then/again 2.up (to sb./sth.)up (to sb./sth.) 3.make certainmake certain 4. tear downtear down 5. on one’s wayon one’s way 6. bring upbring up 7. for a timefor a time 8.keep track ofkeep track of 9.turn upturn up 10. arm in armarm in arm 11. gaze upongaze upon 12. under arrestunder arrest II.Phrases and Expressions

29 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years at irregular intervals; occasionally Examples: I like to go to the opera now and then. Now and then she went upstairs to see if he was still asleep. 1. (every) now and then/again II.Phrases and Expressions

30 BTLEW BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years I.Word Study 2. up (to sb./sth.) so as to be close to (a specified person or thing) Examples: He came up to me and asked the time. She went straight up to the door and knocked loudly. A car drove up and he got in.

31 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years II.Phrases and Expressions 3. make certain a. make certain (that…): to inquire in order to be sure about sth. b. make certain of sth./of doing sth.: to do sth. in order to be sure of (doing) sth. else Examples: I think there’s a train at 8:20 but you ought to make certain. You’d better leave now if you want to make certain of getting there on time.

32 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years to bring sth. to the ground by pulling sharply; demolish sth.; take apart; disassemble Examples: They’re tearing down these old houses to build a new office block. tear down an engine 4. tear down II.Phrases and Expressions

33 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years She is __________ out the door. I ran into them __________. Winter is __________. I like the new styles, ________. We can’t see the sea well because there are some buildings _______________. 5. on one’s way II.Phrases and Expressions on her way on the way in a way in the (our) way Translation 1. 她往户外走。 2. 我在路上碰到他们了。 3. 冬天就要来到了。 4. 某种程度上我喜欢 这些新款式。 5. 我们不大看得到海洋 的景色,因为有些楼 房挡住了。

34 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years to raise, rear, or educate sb. Examples: She brought up five children. Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. He was brought up to respect authority. 6. bring up II.Phrases and Expressions

35 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years for a fairly short time; for a short period Example: For a time he was one of my best friends. 7. for a time II.Phrases and Expressions 1.I slept for ten hours at a time last night. 2.At one time they used to mine coal in these valleys. 3.Can you share a room for the time being? We’ll let you have one on your own next week. 4.She will back in time to prepare dinner. Cf. Translate these sentences: Translation 1. 连续地 2. 从前 3. 暂时 4. 来得及

36 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years to pay attention to sb. or sth. so that you know where they are or what is happening to them Cf. lose track of: fail to do sth. Examples: Have you kept track of the stock market? I have lost track of its latest development. 8. keep track of II.Phrases and Expressions

37 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years to find or to be found; to happen unexpectedly; to arrive or to appear; to fold or be capable of folding up Examples: Something turned up and I was unable to go. The papers will turn up sooner or later. The police were ordered to arrest him as soon as he turned up. A tall man, with collar turned up to his ears, hurried to him. 9. turn up II.Phrases and Expressions More phrases To be continued on the next page.

38 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years II.Phrases and Expressions 1.The hall was full and hundreds of fans had to be ________. 2.We politely ______ the invitation. 3.She ______ the problem in her mind. 4.The movie ______ to be a great success. 5.It really ___ me ___ to see you biting your fingernails. 6.This is a poor piece of work you’ve ______. 7.I can’t tell my parents about it; I don’t know who to ______. KEY 1.turned away 2.turned down 3.turned over 4.turned out 5.turned… off 6.turned in 7.turn to

39 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years adverbial use of these noun phrases, other expressions of the same pattern are shoulder to shoulder, face to face, hand in hand and so on. Examples: They fought shoulder to shoulder against their common enemy. Let us sit down and discuss the matter face to face. He had to move inch by inch toward the top of the mountain. We don’t see eye to eye on this problem. We must lower our taxes step by step. 10. arm in arm II.Phrases and Expressions

40 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years to look at sb./sth. steadily, intently, and with a fixed attention Examples: She was the most beautiful woman he had ever gazed upon. She sat gazing at the fire/gazing out of the window. 11. gaze upon/at/into II.Phrases and Expressions Synonyms To be continued on the next page.

41 BTLEW Stare is to gaze fixedly, indicating curiosity, boldness, insolence, or stupidity. He stared at me, trying to remember who I was. Gape suggests a prolonged open-mouthed look reflecting amazement, awe, or lack of intelligence. They gaped at me when I told them about the gold I had found. Glare is to fix another with a hard, piercing stare. She glared furiously at me when I contradicted him. II.Phrases and Expressions Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years

42 BTLEW under here means being in the state or the process of sth. Examples: under control under heavy influence under attack under repair under construction 12. under arrest II.Phrases and Expressions The end of Phrases and Expressions.

43 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years III.Word Building List: 1. Prefix – telePrefix – tele 2. Suffix – ianSuffix – ian

44 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years III.Word Building Prefix—tele- telescope telecommunication teleconference telephone teleplay television telegraph 望远镜 电讯 电话会议 电话 电视广播剧 电视 电报

45 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Exercises: A _________ is a person whose job is to play a musical instrument. A _________ is a skilled scientific or industrial worker. A ________ is a person who works in politics. Suffix— -ian More exercises III.Word Building musician technician politician To be continued on the next page.

46 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Exercises: A ______ is someone in stories who can use magic. A _______is someone whose job is to tell jokes and make people laugh. A _________ is a formal word for ‘doctor’ in American English. Suffix— -ian More exercises III.Word Building magician comedian physician To be continued on the next page.

47 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Exercises: A ___________ is a person who studies, understands or uses mathematics in his work. A librarian is a person who _________________________________. A historian is a person who ________________________________. Suffix— -ian More exercises III.Word Building mathematician is in charge of or helps to run a library studies history and/or writes about it To be continued on the next page.

48 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Exercises: An electrician is a person whose job is _________________________________. A vegetarian is a person who _________________________________. A beautician is a person whose job_______________________________ ________. Suffix— -ian III.Word Building to deal with the repair of electrical equipment does not eat meat or fish is to give beauty treatments to people’s skin, hair, etc. The end of Word Building.

49 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years IV.Grammar The past participle Pay attention to the function of past participles. 1. 她的工作就是照料这个伤员。 (作前置定语) 2. 他生长在乡下,对这座大城市 感到迷惑。(作原因状语) 3. 她虽然爬得很累, 但她仍继续 前进。(作让步状语) 4. 火情据报已被控制。 (作主语补足语) 5. 那人掏出一块漂亮的怀表,表 盖上镶满了钻石。(独立结构) 1.Her job was to take care of the wounded soldier. 2. Born and bred in the countryside, he was bewildered by the big city. 3. Although exhausted by the climb, she continued her journey. 4. The fire is reported controlled. 5. That man pulled out a handsome watch, the lid of it set with small diamonds. To be continued on the next page.

50 BTLEW Analyze the functions of the past participles in these sentences. Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years IV.Grammar The past participle 1. His tiepin was a large diamond, oddly set. (para. 6) 2. The few foot passengers in that quarter hurried dismally and silently along with coat collars turned high and pocketed hands. (para. 18) 3. The man from the west unfolded the little piece of paper handed to him. (para. 32) 4. I was at the appointed place on time. (para. 33) 5. … I saw it was the face of the man wanted in Chicago. (para. 33) The end of Grammar. (独立结构,作状语) (独立结构) (作宾语不足语和前置定语) (作前置定语) (作后置定语)

51 BTLEW Lesson 14 - After Twenty Years Part Four This is the end of Part Four. Please click HOME to visit other parts. HOME


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