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A Quick Guide to Figurative Language

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1 A Quick Guide to Figurative Language
MAPOS A Quick Guide to Figurative Language

2 Metaphors A metaphor helps to describe an object or feeling as if it really is something and not as if it was like something. A metaphor compares an object or feeling to something else. Feelings are often known as abstract nouns as they cannot he held, seen or touched. The car was a cheetah as it sped along the open road. The car (a noun) is compared to a cheetah (metaphor) because both are fast- they have the same qualities or characteristics The clouds are fluffy balls of cotton wool. The clouds (the noun) are compared to cotton wool (metaphor) because both are considered to be fluffy in their appearance

3 Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the same sound from one word to the next. This should not be confused with using the same letter at the beginning of each word as this is not alliteration. The soft, silky snow drifted slowly to the floor. Here the ‘s’ sound is repeated in adjectives, nouns and adverbs Meanwhile, the man’s memories moved to the melody. Here the ‘m’ sound is repeated in the opener, the nouns and the verb

4 Personification Personification involves giving a noun (an object) or abstract noun (a feeling) real life or human-like qualities. In doing this, you need to think about how the object acts, moves or is shaped like a human. The wind whistled through the branches. Wind whistled The car engine coughed and spluttered as it tried to get going in the cold winter’s morning. The car coughed and spluttered The water beckoned invitingly to the hot swimmers. The water beckoned In these examples, the personified article is the verb.

5 Crash, burp, gargle, drip, bounce, splash
Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is where you use words that are written as they sound. These words are most commonly used in poetry, although we often use these words without trying as well. There are literally hundreds of words that fit into this category: Crash, burp, gargle, drip, bounce, splash

6 Similes Similes are very similar to metaphors in that you must compare the object to something else, however instead of saying that the object is something else, we compare it by using ‘like’ or ‘as.’ The runner was like a speeding bullet. A simple simile describes the runner to a speeding bullet without saying why, but uses ‘like’ The runner was as fast as a speeding bullet. A simile that explains how the runner is like a speeding bullet- adding that both are as ‘fast’ as each other

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