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AP Biology The Cell Cycle Part 2. Centrioles Interphase.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Biology The Cell Cycle Part 2. Centrioles Interphase."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Biology The Cell Cycle Part 2

2 Centrioles

3

4 Interphase

5 Before and after the S phase

6 Interphase cell (Look at the chromatin in the blue nucleus and the yellow cytoskeleton.)

7 Start of Mitosis

8 Cell in Prophase

9 Mitosis “Division of the nucleus”

10 Cell in Metaphase

11 Cell in Anaphase

12 Cell in Telophase and starting Cytokinesis

13 One cell becoming two

14 Motor Protein and the Spindle Fibers Chromosome movement Microtubule Motor protein Chromosome Kinetochore Tubulin subunits

15 Animal vs. Plant

16 LE Nucleus Cell plate Chromosomes Nucleolus Chromatin condensing 10 µm Prophase. The chromatin is condensing. The nucleolus is beginning to disappear. Although not yet visible in the micrograph, the mitotic spindle is starting to form. Prometaphase. We now see discrete chromosomes; each consists of two identical sister chromatids. Later in prometaphase, the nuclear envelope will fragment. Metaphase. The spindle is complete, and the chromosomes, attached to microtubules at their kinetochores, are all at the metaphase plate. Anaphase. The chromatids of each chromosome have separated, and the daughter chromosomes are moving to the ends of the cell as their kinetochore micro- tubules shorten. Telophase. Daughter nuclei are forming. Meanwhile, cytokinesis has started: The cell plate, which will divide the cytoplasm in two, is growing toward the perimeter of the parent cell.

17 Microscopic view of Mitosis in Onion root tips. Can you identify the stages?

18 Checkpoints (Is all going according to plan?)

19 Question: All organisms must be able to reproduce to keep the species existent. Prokaryotes undergo Binary Fission and Eukaryotic cells undergo Mitosis. In no more than four sentences, explain one similarity and one difference between the two processes. In addition, explain the evolution link between the two processes. (5 Points)

20 Scoring Rubric: 1pt. Discussion of one similiarity – Cytokinesis, DNA synthesis (S), or Maturion (G1) 1pt. Discussion of one difference – G2 or Mitosis 1pt. Discussion of Binary fission being first and evolving into Mitosis as DNA and organisms became more complex over time. 1pt. Correct use of scientific terms. 1pt. Answer has no more than three sentences. (Following Directions.) This question addresses Essential Knowledge: 1.B.1


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