2World War I drew in people from around the world, the little known story of the 320,000 Chinese labourers who served with the Allied Forces on the Western Front during WW I has drawn new interest in recent years. Many of the Chinese labourers were recruited from the British and French concession ports in Shandong Province, China, and from Hong Kong, despite the fact that China was engrossed in her own domestic turmoil. The Chinese labourers buried the dead, dug trenches, worked in munitions factories and cleaned up the shells, grenades and bullets after the November 11, 1918 armistice. Hundreds of Chinese students served as translators.For the labourers, the war was a way to make far more money than they could at home. But their sacrifice became a pivotal point in Chinese history. After the armistice, the 1919 Treaty of Versailles saw Germany's concession ports in China handed to Japan, despite China's objections. Unhappiness over the treaty led to the May 4 protest movement, which is seen as contributing to the eventual rise of the Communist Party, which has ruled China since Years of internal bloodshed, invasion, civil war and revolution all have close links to WW I and the resulting peace treaties.Sending as Chinese labourers to the front was a brilliant strategy to link China with the West, the link between the war and the founding of China's Communist Party. During the war, the young interpreters drew up education plans in spare moments away from the dangerous toil on the battlefields. As a result nearly two-thirds of the labourers returned home able to read. That effort inspired the men who went on to lead the Communist Party.
3Chinese labourer battalions ready for embarkation to France. 175,000 Chinese have been sent to France for work behind the lines.This detachment started from Tsingtao, formerly a German stronghold in China.
4Nine members of the Chinese Labour Corps in a ruined house. Among them two gangers and an interpreter.(In Flanders Fields Museum, Ypres)
5Capt. Harry Drummond Livingstone, of the Canadian Army Medical Corps, examining would-be recruits in Shandong Province in Livingstone examined men for diseases that could disqualify them, including tuberculosis, venereal disease and trachoma, a bacterial eye disease that can cause blindness. (Livingstone Family)
6Workers washed during recruitment in Weihai, Shandong Workers washed during recruitment in Weihai, Shandong. (David Livingstone)
7Workers washed during recruitment. (David Livingstone)
8The British settlement in Weihai during recruitment The British settlement in Weihai during recruitment. (David Livingstone)
34(Copyright In Flanders Fields Museum. Available as CC BY-NC-SA) Chinese labourers leave the ruined village of Vlamertinghe on their way to work.(Copyright In Flanders Fields Museum. Available as CC BY-NC-SA)
35Two members of a Chinese Labour Corps carrying their equipment during the British retirement in France, 24 March 1918.(Australian War Memorial Collection)
36Chinese labourers posing with battlefield tourists in 1919 (Copyright In Flanders Fields Museum. Available as CC BY-NC-SA)
37The cap badge of the Chinese Labour Corps (Copyright In Flanders Fields Museum. Available as CC BY-NC-SA)
38The entrance to the Chinese cemetery of the British Army at Noyelles-sur-Mer, Northern France
39who died during World War I, in Noyelles-sur-Mer, northern France Tombs at the Nolette Chinese Cemetery, the burial place of some 850 Chinese workerswho died during World War I, in Noyelles-sur-Mer, northern France
40TO THE MEMORY OF THE CHINESE LABOURERS St Etienne Cemetery in France -- Memorial Inscription in Chinese, French and English:TO THE MEMORY OF THE CHINESE LABOURERSWho died on service in France during the Great War and are buried here in this cemetery.This monument was erected by their comrades. December 1919.
41Once Upon A Time In The West 大提琴演奏 馬友友Cello : Yo-Yo Ma編曲 埃尼奥 .莫利康奈Music : Ennio Morricone
42Edition 2014-07-28 by Herbert K. Lau 謝 謝 瀏 覽Thank you for watchingEdition by Herbert K. Lau100th Year of World War I