Presentation on theme: "Mari Carmen Guillén Ana Isabel Almela Ana María Maldonado I.E.S. Felipe de Borbón."— Presentation transcript:
Mari Carmen Guillén Ana Isabel Almela Ana María Maldonado I.E.S. Felipe de Borbón.
W HAT MINDS THIS WORD ? Democracy is a political government either carried out directly by the people (direct democracy) or by means of elected representatives of the people.
H OW IS THE DEMOCRACY OF MY COUNTRY ? In my country the democracy is a monarchy parlamentary. This monarchy is a mechanism in which the election of the government (executive power) comes from the parliament (legislative power) and is responsible politically before this one.
T HE DIFFERENT SISTEMS OF GOUVERN : - Republics : System Presidential System Semi- presidential System Parliamentary Monarchies: Constitution al monarchy Absolute monarchy Parliamentar y monarchy. -System unipartidist.
S YSTEM P RESIDENTIAL. It is a form of government in which the president of the Republic is the representative of the federation of the country before the international community, has under his control to the public federal administration, designates and removes the secretaries of State, is a chief of the armed forces, person in charge for the abroad and has the right to initiate, to veto and to promulgate laws. Country Argentina Brazil Bolivia
S YSTEM S EMI - PRESIDENTIAL. Is that one in the than President of the Republic, elect by suffrage, has certain competitions of government. The First minister is elect by the Parliament by request of the President, and this to vouch for of his responsibility before the Parliament. Country Algeria Kenya
S YSTEM UNIPARTIDIST. A single-party state, one-party system or single- party system is a type of party sistem government in which a single political party forms the government and no other parties are permitted to run candidates for election. CountryParties China Communist Party of China Cuba Communist Party of Cuba
C ONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the perimeters of a written,no written or blended constitution. It differs from absolute monarchy in that an absolute monarch serves as the sole source of political power in the state and is not legally bound by any constitution. CountryType of monarchy United KindgdomKindgdom SwedenKindgdom
A BSOLUTE MONARCHY. Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government, thus wielding political power over the sovereign state and its subject peoples. In an absolute monarchy, the transmission of power is two-fold, hereditary and marital; as absolute governor, the monarch’s authority is not legally bound or restricted by a constitution.
P ARLIAMENTARY MONARCHY. The monarchy is a form of government of a condition in which the headquarters of the condition or supreme post are: Personal. For life. Designated according to a hereditary order. Country Spain Norway
S YSTEM UNIPARTIDIST. The unipartidismo is a system of political parties in which there exists the only legal political party that one could present to the electoral processes. It musn't get confused with a dictatorship, so in this one, the leaders are not chosen by means of democratic elections. CountrysPartys VietnamCommunist party of Vietnam North KoreaDemocratic front for the Reunification of the Mother land
H ISTORY ABOUT DEMOCRACY IN MY COUNTRY. The Spanish Transition is the historical period in the one that gives himself the process for which Spain leaves behind the dictatorial regime of the general Francisco Franco, happening to be ruled by a Constitution that was dedicating a social, democratic State and of Law. The period that is in the habit of being considered by the historians as the most precise, would begin with the death of the general Franco, on November 20, 1975. The Council called of Regency assumed, of transitory form, the functions of the Headquarters of the State until November 22, date in the one that is proclaimed a king before the Spanish Parliament and the Council of the Kingdom Juan Carlos I de Borbón.
T HE MOST IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS. Crown: Represented by the king. The King reigns, but he doesn't govern. His function is to advise, to stimulate and to notice to whom they exercise these functions. The post is for life and hereditary. Parliament: This one formed for: the Congress of the Members of Parliament and the Senate. The parliament exercises two fundamental functions: the legislative one and that of control of the Government. Government: This one formed by the President and the ministers. The Government directs the interior and foreign politics, the civil and military Administration and the defense of the State. He exercises the executive function and the regulation legal authority of agreement with the Constitution and the laws. Judges and Courts of Justice: The application of the laws is carried out by the judges and the courts of justice, which are independent from other power of the State.
H ISTORY ABOUT THE BEGINING OF EUROPEAN UNION. The European Union is a geopolitical entity that covers a great part(report) of the European continent. It is based on numerous agreements and has been an object of extensions that have taken of 6 member states originally 27 in 2007, the majority of States in Europe. His origins go back to the period later to the Second World war. From the year 1960, Brussels has consolidated as the capital of fact of the EU, which has led to the creation of the European Neighborhood called of this city.
T HE MOST IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS. Council European: Meeting of Head of State and of Government. Orientations generates Council of Ministers: Meeting of ministers of the countrys members They take the most important decisions. Parliament European: Is the parliament of the European Union. It is chosen every five years. It exercises a legislative function. European committee: President and commissioners It exercises a executive function. Court of Justice: It guarantee the fulfillment of the laws It exercises a judicial function. Defender of the village It can be consulted by the citizens of the members states if they think that they have been treated unjustly by some institution of the EU.