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Sun Yat-sen Jake and Jared. Sun Yat-sen Born 12 th November 1866. Educated in Hawaii. Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the.

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Presentation on theme: "Sun Yat-sen Jake and Jared. Sun Yat-sen Born 12 th November 1866. Educated in Hawaii. Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sun Yat-sen Jake and Jared

2 Sun Yat-sen Born 12 th November 1866. Educated in Hawaii. Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the Republic of China. Helped overthrow Qing dynasty but he was in St. Louis, Missouri at the time. He led revolutionary governments as a challenge to the warlords who controlled the nation. Sun was known for his political philosophy known as the Three Principles of the People: nationalism, democracy and the peoples livelihood. He spend time in Japan when he was exiled from China, and later he was exiled from Japan, Europe, the U.S. and Canada. Married an American educated Chinese woman, was further exiled for this. Died 12 th of March 1925

3 Chiang Kai-Shek Born in Xikou in an upper-middle class family founding member of the KMT With backing from Sun, he became Leader of the Nationalist Party after Sun's death in 1925. In 1945 he was defeated by the Communist Party and his KMT Party was exiled to Taiwan Leader of Taiwan up until his death in 1975

4 Mao Tse-Tung Tyler Kirkpatrick

5 Early Life Born in 1893 to a peasant farmer, although one the richer families in the area. Mao was sent to primary school when he was 8 until age 13. Married at 13 to Luo Yigo in order to unite the two families. Mao hated the marriage and refused to live with her. Luo Yigo died in 1910. Mao joined the army after the 1911 revolution, but resigned 6 moths later. Mao went to school to become a teacher, and made money by teaching and writing radical works.

6 Start of Communism In 1921, Mao attended the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. In 1923, Mao was elected to the Central Committee, where he helped out peasants. After the Guointang started purging the Communists, Mao went to rural China and became popular with land redistribution plans. “The Long March” started in 1934. Communist forces were repeatedly on the run for 3 years until the reached a remote area in the north. Mao led the Communist forces. When WWII ended, the Soviets gave their support to Mao, and the Communists took over China.

7 Mao’s Rule In 1949, Mao proclaimed the People’s Republic of China. Mao was the Communist leader and chairman. In 1966, Mao tried to start a cultural revolution, which ended with famine and millions dying. Mao held the position of chairman until death in 1976.

8 Deng Xiaoping Madison Bertis and Jae Dobbs

9 Biography Born in 1904 to a legal scholar Joined in a boycott of Japanese goods in 1919 Attended school in France intermittently Organized a Communist Party with other Chinese students in Europe in the early 1920s Went to Moscow for training as a political organizer in 1926 Worked to rebuild the economy after the Great Leap Forward, putting him in conflict with Mao Criticized as a Capitalist Roader during the Cultural Revolution and dismissed from Party positions – Was also purged from the Party a second time just before Mao’s death in 1976

10 Biography Known for his pragmatism – Ruined when he ordered the violent oppression of protestors in Tiananmen Square Applied the “responsibility system” in agriculture, which dramatically raised rural standards of living Opened China to foreign trade and investment, leading to economic growth Driven by his desire for power Implemented the one child policy in 1979 to limit China’s population growth Died in 1997 Deng Xiaoping

11 “Responsibility System” Farmland is owned by the public Through long-term contracts, production and management are the responsibility of individual farming households Inspired farmers, raised rural productivity, increased agricultural output Since this system was implemented, China’s agricultural production has been increasing at an average annual rate of 6.7%

12 Works Cited Profiles of Leaders Packet(Page 3) A/160352.htm

13 Jiang Zemin Trevor Glover Steven Brudnicki

14 Political Career Born August 17 th, 1926 Served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989-2002 Also served as President of PRC from 1993- 2003 Also served as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1985-2005 Known in China as the “Core of the Third Generation”

15 Background Zemin came to power following the Tiananmen Square protests Became the “Paramount Leader”, with help and influence from Li Xiannian and Chen Yun

16 Successes Under his leadership, China experienced substantial developmental growth from reforms Brought back the peaceful treaty of Hong Kong from the UK, Macau from Portugal Also improved relationships with the outside world while also maintaining a highly communistic government

17 By Allison and Shawntae Hu Jintao

18 Background  Born in 1942  Joined the Communist party as a teenager and worked his way up.  2003: Elected president and became general secretary of the Party’s Central Committee, and the Republic's Central Military Commission  2003-2013: Presidency Significance  His rise to the leadership represented China's transition of leadership from establishment communists to younger technocrats.  reintroduced state control in some sectors of the economy  consistent economic growth during his presidency  He improved socio-economic equality domestically through the Scientific Development Concept, which aimed to build a “Socialist Harmonious Society”

19 Xi Jinping Current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China

20 Early life He is the son of Xi Zhongxun and was born in 1953 and grew up in Beijing. His father was a member of the communist party under Mao. But was then purged, sent on one those “Go break rocks for a year” escapades. He then earned a chemical engineering degree from Tsinghua University in Beijing and joined the communist party in 1974 5 th Generation of Chinese Communist Leaders

21 Political career Joined communist youth league – 1971 Joined communist party – 1974 Promoted to Governor of Fujian - 1999 Renewed the campaign against government corruption. Was put in charge of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. Promotes the “Chinese Dream” Calls for economic reforms and a strong military. Ranked 9 th in the top 10 most powerful men in the world (as of 2012) {Forbes}

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