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Chiang Kai-shek and the Whampoa Military Academy Take Two Randolph Miller.

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Presentation on theme: "Chiang Kai-shek and the Whampoa Military Academy Take Two Randolph Miller."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chiang Kai-shek and the Whampoa Military Academy Take Two Randolph Miller

2 Chiang said "Whampoa was personally created by Mr. Sun. It is his only legacy.” Importance of Whampoa

3 Official name is Nationalist Party of China Army Officer Academy Opened on May 1, 1924 produced many prestigious Chinese military commanders Graduates fought in Northern Expedition, Second Sino-Japanese War, and Chinese Civil War Closed in 1926 after 6 terms and 7000 students Located on an island (Chanzhou or Whampoa?) near Canton Overview of Whampoa

4 Canton is also called Guangzhou http://www.diychinatours.com/china-guide/china-map-guide/guangzhou/guangzhous-location.htm

5 Location of Whampoa http://www.navyandmarine.org/ondeck/BarrierFortsPictures/CantonHarbor.gif

6 China was fragmented by warlords Sun Yat-sen launched Northern Campaign to try and unite China under Three Principles of the People Sun Yat-sen was worried his military was weaker than the militaries of the warlords Western powers wouldn’t provide Sun with support Money for construction and support was provided by the Soviets Reasons For Whampoa

7 Basic training for infantry Artillery Engineering Communication Logistical Machine gun Military Training at Whampoa

8 Mar 20 th incident Also called Zhongshan Warship incident Mar 20, 1926 Chiang Kai-shek was almost kidnapped In May 1926 Chiang excluded communists from the Whampoa Military Academy because of this

9 Whampoa Soviet Officers http://www.allcollection.net/russia-5087-year-1984-anniversary-of-the- birth-of-as-bubnov-state-official~x23166615 A.S. Bubnov Soviet officers gave lectures at the academy Taught history of military thought Not shown: G.I. Gilev S.N. Naumov M.I. Dratvin http://www.pseudology.org/colonels/DratvinMI.htm

10 Liao Zhongkai http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Liao_Zhongkai2.jpg Representative of KMT to the academy http://ookaboo.com/o/pictures/picture/11703178/Liao_Zhongkai1877__1925

11 Whampoa founding ceremony, 1924 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/Whampoa3.jpg Sun Yat-senChiang Kai-shek Liao Zhongkai

12 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/5062007131230.jpg Chiang Kai-shek

13 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com mons/8/8a/Henk-sneevliet.gif Henk Sneevliet A representative from Comintern (Communist International) (Henk Sneevliet using the name Maring) met with Sun in Guangxi and proposed the military academy http://www.histomil.com/viewtopic.php?f=94&t=188http://www.iisg.nl/collections/sneevliet/

14 A representative from Communist International (Henk Sneevliet using the name Maring) met with Sun in Guangxi and proposed the military academy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:China_Guangxi.svg Guangxi

15 Zhou Enlai (political department instructor) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Zhou_Enl ai_MeiyuanXincun17_Nanjing_1946.jpg Zhou vigorously extended communist influence at the academy Had to leave Whampoa in May 1926 with the rest of the communists http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/13/1924_Zhou_ Enlai_in_National_Revolutionary_Army_uniform2.jpg Zhou Enlai Henry Kissinger Mao Zedong http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kissinger_Mao.jpg

16 Hu Hanming (political department instructor) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/Hu_Hanming3.jpg http://guides.library.yale.edu/content.php?pid=47735&sid=357059 Chiang Kai-shek Hu Hanming

17 Wang Jingwei (political department instructor) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Wang_Jingwei.png AKA Wang Ching-wei http://www.zyzyo.com/2011/04/traitors-who-committed-treachery/

18 He Yingqin (military instructor) Was picked by Chiang because Chiang knew of He’s talent Also “general instructor” of the academy Led a regiment of students from the academy as colonel to fight against the warlord Chen Jiongming http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c5/Ho_Ying-chin.jpg http://www.qwiki.com/q/#!/He_Yingqin

19 Lin Biao (communist graduate) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lin_Biao1.jpghttp://kaixin.com.au/jiang-gu-shi/2008/8/19/lin-biao.html Graduated from Whampoa in 1925 Also goes by Lin Yurong In National Revolutionary Army participated in Northern Expedition Went from Deputy Platoon Leader to Battalion Commander Became one of the Red Army’s best battlefield commanders Commenting on Mao’s circlings during The Long March to evade Chiang “the campaign had begun to look like one of Walt Disney's early cartoons in which Mickey Mouse again and again escaped the clutches of the huge, stupid cat." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lin_Biao_Blue_Sky_White_Sun.jpg

20 Xu Xiangqian (communist graduate) Admitted to Whampoa in 1924 Served in National Revolutionary Army http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Xu_xiangqian1.jpg http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Long-March/Long-March-Xu-Xiangqian.html

21 Zuo Quan (communist graduate) http://www.generals.dk/general/Zuo_Quan/_/China.html http://english.chinamil.com.cn/site2/special-reports/2005-08/11/content_270858.htm Became communist commander

22 Chen Cheng (Nationalist graduate) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Chen_cheng.jpg http://www.ask.com/wiki/List_of_premiers_of_the_Republic_of_China Entered Whampoa in 1924 Participated in Northern Expedition with National Revolutionary Army

23 Du Yuming (Nationalist graduate) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d7/Du_yuming.jpg Du was a graduate of the first cadet class of Whampoa

24 Xue Yue (Nationalist graduate) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e8/Sitok.png http://www.generals.dk/general/Xue_Yue/_/China.html http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=101&t=83297&p=751955 Graduate from Whampoa One of the most effective nationalist commanders in the Northern Expedition

25 Hu Zongnan (Nationalist graduate) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Hu_Zongnan.jpg In the first graduating class of Whampoa in 1924 Took part in Northern Expedition

26 Modern pictures of Whampoa http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/whampoa.htm http://wapedia.mobi/en/Whampoa_Academyhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Huangpu_Xueshengsushe.JPG


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