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Communist Manifesto Communist Manifesto “ A spectre is haunting Europe.......” all prior history - “ the history of class struggles’ ancient, medieval,

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Presentation on theme: "Communist Manifesto Communist Manifesto “ A spectre is haunting Europe.......” all prior history - “ the history of class struggles’ ancient, medieval,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Communist Manifesto Communist Manifesto “ A spectre is haunting Europe ” all prior history - “ the history of class struggles’ ancient, medieval, modern reveal class struggle struggle now focused on two antagonistic classes - bourgeoisie and proletarians bourgeoisie - product of revolutions in commerce, industry, global expansion of markets

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5 Bourgeoisie Bourgeoisie Bourgeoisie has destroyed all earlier feudal relations - only cash nexus remains; brutal exploitation family, religion, law - all reflect exchange values constant change in modes of production characteristic of bourgeois era world market created - globalization today? remake world in bourgeois image

6 Bourgeoisie and Property concentration of property, means of production in hands of bourgeoisie new productive forces unleashed by Industrial Revolution undermined feudal political economy excess in production, threat to bourgeoisie - solution: destroy productive forces; new markets development of bourgeois dominated world gives rise to proletarians

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10 Proletarians Proletarians laborers who sell themselves piece-meal - a commodity; an appendage of the machine increasing exploitation of proletarian - diminishing wages; ever more miserable conditions lower middle class sucked down into proletariat struggle begins against bourgeoisie - trade unions are formed

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12 Proletarians - New Class Proletarians - New Class proletarian legislative gains; enlightened elements of bourgeoisie join proletariat in their struggle proletariat now defined as a truly revolutionary class proletarian has been stripped of property, family, nationality. Law, morality, religion appear simply as bourgeois prejudices proletarians now represent vast majority - revolution inevitable; bourgeoisie overthrown

13 Proletarians and Communists bourgeoisie produce their own grave- diggers communists represent the international proletariat communists most advanced segment of the working class; their aim: seize political power communists desire to abolish bourgeois property capital is a collective product and must become a social power

14 Communism and Society communism abolishes the system where labor exists simply to increase capital - now labor widens and enriches the existence of laborer human person regains his/her sense of individuality - end to alienation labor no longer subjugated to capital bourgeois notions of law, culture, marriage, family, education, replaced by new communist mode of social relations

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16 Communism and Nationality “The working men have no country” hostility between nations will cease as a consequence of proletarian victory man’s consciousness changes with every change in the conditions of his material existence ideology reflects the dominance of the ruling class communism abolishes all “eternal truths” - radical rupture with traditional ideas

17 New Communist World New Communist World all instruments of production centralized in State property, banks, land, transportation, factories, education - free for all working class abolishes its own supremacy as a class state will wither away

18 Reactionary Socialism Reactionary Socialism feudal socialism and petty bourgeois socialism rejected by Marx and Engels bourgeois socialism - reformist. Socialism without revolution. “a bourgeoisie without a proletariat” Marx also rejects utopian socialism as represented by Saint-Simon, Fourier, and Owen - yet, critical elements shape consciousness of working class communists form alliances with progressive groups. Germany - bourgeois then proletarian revolution

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