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Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War This is the first of nine revision topics. America and the.

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Presentation on theme: "Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War This is the first of nine revision topics. America and the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War This is the first of nine revision topics. America and the Cold War America in the 1950s: Affluent Society Black Americans in the 1950s Kennedy and the New Frontier Civil Rights to Black Power Defeat in Vietnam Cold War to Détente Nixon and Watergate How to use this Revision Presentation. The Presentation is divided into six sections. Spend about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, label them clearly and keep them all in one place. Return to this Presentation often to help embed your learning.

2 Broadwater School History Department 2 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War There are six sections to this topic. Causes of the Cold War The Iron Curtain The Berlin Airlift Korean War “Red Scare” Arms Race Spend about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, title them clearly and keep them all in one place.

3 Broadwater School History Department 3 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the section headings When you have finished, move on to the next page to check. Pause Now!

4 Broadwater School History Department 4 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War There are six sections to this topic Causes of the Cold War The Iron Curtain The Berlin Airlift Korean War “Red Scare” Arms Race When you have finished, move on to the Causes of the Cold War.

5 Broadwater School History Department 5 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes Causes of the Cold War Political difference. Fear and suspicion. USA capitalist, USSR communist. Both feared the other was going to destroy their way of life. Soviet Union had twice been attacked by Germany and wanted security. USSR feared US atomic bomb (Hiroshima). Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin placed communist governments in E. Europe. USA feared Stalin would try to take western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the Causes of the Cold War. Pause Now!

6 Broadwater School History Department 6 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes Causes of the Cold War Political difference. Fear and suspicion. USA capitalist, USSR communist. Both feared the other was going to destroy their way of life. Soviet Union had twice been attacked by Germany and wanted security. USSR feared US atomic bomb (Hiroshima). Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin placed communist governments in E. Europe. USA feared Stalin would try to take western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the Causes of the Cold War. Pause Now!

7 Broadwater School History Department 7 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes Causes of the Cold War Political difference. Fear and suspicion. USA capitalist, USSR communist. Both feared the other was going to destroy their way of life. Soviet Union had twice been attacked by Germany and wanted security. USSR feared US atomic bomb (Hiroshima). Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin placed communist governments in E. Europe. USA feared Stalin would try to take western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the Causes of the Cold War. Pause Now!

8 Broadwater School History Department 8 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes again Causes of the Cold War Political difference. Fear and suspicion. USA capitalist, USSR communist. Both feared the other was going to destroy their way of life. Soviet Union had twice been attacked by Germany and wanted security. USSR feared US atomic bomb (Hiroshima). Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin placed communist governments in E. Europe. USA feared Stalin would try to take western Europe. Pause Now! When you have finished, move on to the section on the Iron Curtain.

9 Broadwater School History Department 9 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes The Iron Curtain Iron Curtain Phrase used by Churchill to describe how Europe was divided into a communist east and free market west. This happened as Stalin installed communist governments in the countries of eastern Europe. Truman Doctrine US President states that the USA will prevent the spread of communism. Marshall Plan Financial aid from the USA to help rebuild Europe after WW2 and to prevent the spread of communism. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

10 Broadwater School History Department 10 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes The Iron Curtain Iron Curtain Phrase used by Churchill to describe how Europe was divided into a communist east and free market west. This happened as Stalin installed communist governments in the countries of eastern Europe. Truman Doctrine US President states that the USA will prevent the spread of communism. Marshall Plan Financial aid from the USA to help rebuild Europe after WW2 and to prevent the spread of communism. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

11 Broadwater School History Department 11 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes The Iron Curtain Iron Curtain Phrase used by Churchill to describe how Europe was divided into a communist east and free market west. This happened as Stalin installed communist governments in the countries of eastern Europe. Truman Doctrine US President states that the USA will prevent the spread of communism. Marshall Plan Financial aid from the USA to help rebuild Europe after WW2 and to prevent the spread of communism.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

12 Broadwater School History Department 12 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes again The Iron Curtain Iron Curtain Phrase used by Churchill to describe how Europe was divided into a communist east and free market west. This happened as Stalin installed communist governments in the countries of eastern Europe. Truman Doctrine US President states that the USA will prevent the spread of communism. Marshall Plan Financial aid from the USA to help rebuild Europe after WW2 and to prevent the spread of communism. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

13 Broadwater School History Department 13 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes The Berlin Airlift 1948/9 Stalin cuts road, rail and canal links between the western sectors of Berlin and West Germany. USA and UK fly in all the supplies needed by the western sectors. After 6 months Stalin opens links, having failed to get control of Berlin. Results First confrontation of the Cold War, USA and USSR are no longer Allies. NATO set up as a defensive alliance for Western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

14 Broadwater School History Department 14 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes The Berlin Airlift 1948/9 Stalin cuts road, rail and canal links between the western sectors of Berlin and West Germany. USA and UK fly in all the supplies needed by the western sectors. After 6 months Stalin opens links, having failed to get control of Berlin. Results First confrontation of the Cold War, USA and USSR are no longer Allies. NATO set up as a defensive alliance for Western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

15 Broadwater School History Department 15 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes The Berlin Airlift 1948/9 Stalin cuts road, rail and canal links between the western sectors of Berlin and West Germany. USA and UK fly in all the supplies needed by the western sectors. After 6 months Stalin opens links, having failed to get control of Berlin. Results First confrontation of the Cold War, USA and USSR are no longer Allies. NATO set up as a defensive alliance for Western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

16 Broadwater School History Department 16 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes again The Berlin Airlift 1948/9 Stalin cuts road, rail and canal links between the western sectors of Berlin and West Germany. USA and UK fly in all the supplies needed by the western sectors. After 6 months Stalin opens links, having failed to get control of Berlin. Results First confrontation of the Cold War, USA and USSR are no longer Allies. NATO set up as a defensive alliance for Western Europe. When you have finished, move on to the next page on the Korean War. Pause Now!

17 Broadwater School History Department 17 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes The Korean War 1950 Communist North Korea attacks South Korea. United Nations force, 48% US troops led by Douglas MacArthur. USSR and China (communist since 1949) send aid to North Korea Stalin dies. Negotiated peace treaty. Korea remains divided. Importance: first “hot” fighting of the Cold War. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

18 Broadwater School History Department 18 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes The Korean War 1950 Communist North Korea attacks South Korea. United Nations force, 48% US troops led by Douglas MacArthur. USSR and China (communist since 1949) send aid to North Korea Stalin dies. Negotiated peace treaty. Korea remains divided. Importance: first “hot” fighting of the Cold War. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

19 Broadwater School History Department 19 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes The Korean War 1950 Communist North Korea attacks South Korea. United Nations force, 48% US troops led by Douglas MacArthur. USSR and China (communist since 1949) send aid to North Korea Stalin dies. Negotiated peace treaty. Korea remains divided. Importance: first “hot” fighting of the Cold War. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

20 Broadwater School History Department 20 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes The Korean War 1950 Communist North Korea attacks South Korea. United Nations force, 48% US troops led by Douglas MacArthur. USSR and China (communist since 1949) send aid to North Korea Stalin dies. Negotiated peace treaty. Korea remains divided. Importance: first “hot” fighting of the Cold War. When you have finished, move on to the next page on the red scare. Pause Now!

21 Broadwater School History Department 21 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes McCarthy and the “Red Scare” McCarthyism is the name me given to an intense period of anti-communist hysteria in the USA. It is named after US Senator Joseph McCarthy. Causes: McC. claimed to have a list of communists working in the US State Department. McC cashed in on fears in the USA about the spread of communism. Post-war communist expansion – Eastern Europe, Berlin Airlift, China and Korea Soviet Union has the atomic bomb. Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs convicted of spying for USSR. Results: Fear of communism gripped the USA – “Reds under the bed”. (HUAC) House Committee on Un-American Activities investigate. Hollywood Ten. Accusation or investigation enough to wreck careers in public service. Great period of intolerance – reduction in civil liberties, held back civil rights.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

22 Broadwater School History Department 22 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes McCarthy and the “Red Scare” McCarthyism is the name me given to an intense period of anti-communist hysteria in the USA. It is named after US Senator Joseph McCarthy. Causes: McC. claimed to have a list of communists working in the US State Department. McC cashed in on fears in the USA about the spread of communism. Post-war communist expansion – Eastern Europe, Berlin Airlift, China and Korea Soviet Union has the atomic bomb. Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs convicted of spying for USSR. Results: Fear of communism gripped the USA – “Reds under the bed”. (HUAC) House Committee on Un-American Activities investigate. Hollywood Ten. Accusation or investigation enough to wreck careers in public service. Great period of intolerance – reduction in civil liberties, held back civil rights.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

23 Broadwater School History Department 23 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes McCarthy and the “Red Scare” McCarthyism is the name me given to an intense period of anti-communist hysteria in the USA. It is named after US Senator Joseph McCarthy. Causes: McC. claimed to have a list of communists working in the US State Department. McC cashed in on fears in the USA about the spread of communism. Post-war communist expansion – Eastern Europe, Berlin Airlift, China and Korea Soviet Union has the atomic bomb. Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs convicted of spying for USSR. Results: Fear of communism gripped the USA – “Reds under the bed”. (HUAC) House Committee on Un-American Activities investigate. Hollywood Ten. Accusation or investigation enough to wreck careers in public service. Great period of intolerance – reduction in civil liberties, held back civil rights.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

24 Broadwater School History Department 24 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes McCarthy and the “Red Scare” McCarthyism is the name me given to an intense period of anti-communist hysteria in the USA. It is named after US Senator Joseph McCarthy. Causes: McC. claimed to have a list of communists working in the US State Department. McC cashed in on fears in the USA about the spread of communism. Post-war communist expansion – Eastern Europe, Berlin Airlift, China and Korea Soviet Union has the atomic bomb. Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs convicted of spying for USSR. Results: Fear of communism gripped the USA – “Reds under the bed”. (HUAC) House Committee on Un-American Activities investigate. Hollywood Ten. Accusation or investigation enough to wreck careers in public service. Great period of intolerance – reduction in civil liberties, held back civil rights.. When you have finished, move on to the next page on the Arms Race. Pause Now!

25 Broadwater School History Department 25 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Copy these Revision Notes The Arms Race Nuclear Arms Race Competition to build more and better weapons to deter attack USA sets up NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) as defensive alliance USSR has atomic bomb 1952 Hydrogen Bomb developed by both sides 1957 ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile – to deliver nuclear warheads Huge amounts spent by both sides, military gains much political influence. The “Space Race” 1957 USSR uses an ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) to put Sputnik into orbit. USSR now has the ability to use ICBMs to deliver nuclear warheads. 1961, Soviet Cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space. US pride hurt. JFK pledges the USA will place a man on the Moon. Total cost of Moon landing was $25,000 million. Happened in Criticism because there was great poverty on Earth.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

26 Broadwater School History Department 26 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes The Arms Race Nuclear Arms Race Competition to build more and better weapons to deter attack USA sets up NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) as defensive alliance USSR has atomic bomb 1952 Hydrogen Bomb developed by both sides 1957 ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile – to deliver nuclear warheads Huge amounts spent by both sides, military gains much political influence. The “Space Race” 1957 USSR uses an ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) to put Sputnik into orbit. USSR now has the ability to use ICBMs to deliver nuclear warheads. 1961, Soviet Cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space. US pride hurt. JFK pledges the USA will place a man on the Moon. Total cost of Moon landing was $25,000 million. Happened in Criticism because there was great poverty on Earth.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

27 Broadwater School History Department 27 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War Read the full Revision Notes The Arms Race Nuclear Arms Race Competition to build more and better weapons to deter attack USA sets up NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) as defensive alliance USSR has atomic bomb 1952 Hydrogen Bomb developed by both sides 1957 ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile – to deliver nuclear warheads Huge amounts spent by both sides, military gains much political influence. The “Space Race” 1957 USSR uses an ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) to put Sputnik into orbit. USSR now has the ability to use ICBMs to deliver nuclear warheads. 1961, Soviet Cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space. US pride hurt. JFK pledges the USA will place a man on the Moon. Total cost of Moon landing was $25,000 million. Happened in Criticism because there was great poverty on Earth.. When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

28 Broadwater School History Department 28 Revise for GCSE Humanities: America and the Cold War From memory, write out the Revision Notes again The Arms Race Nuclear Arms Race Competition to build more and better weapons to deter attack USA sets up NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) as defensive alliance USSR has atomic bomb 1952 Hydrogen Bomb developed by both sides 1957 ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile – to deliver nuclear warheads Huge amounts spent by both sides, military gains much political influence. The “Space Race” 1957 USSR uses an ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) to put Sputnik into orbit. USSR now has the ability to use ICBMs to deliver nuclear warheads. 1961, Soviet Cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space. US pride hurt. JFK pledges the USA will place a man on the Moon. Total cost of Moon landing was $25,000 million. Happened in Criticism because there was great poverty on Earth. Pause Now! You have finished this unit. Keep your notes safe and come back soon.


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