Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Russia: A Comprehensive Look. Russia/Geography World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation difficult.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Russia: A Comprehensive Look. Russia/Geography World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation difficult."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russia: A Comprehensive Look

2 Russia/Geography World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation difficult Ural Mountains form border between Europe and Asia European Russia is warmer than Asian Russia 75% of population live in European Russia Siberia = large part of land that crosses northern and central Russia into Asia, people have to travel from village to village by helicopter because it is so large and is covered by ice

3 Ural Mountains

4 Siberia

5 Geography Russia touches many inland bodies of water such as Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Lake Baikal Lake Baikal = World’s deepest freshwater lake, holds almost 20% of the world’s supply of unfrozen freshwater Caucasus Mountains = south of European Russia

6 Lake Baikal

7 Economy Russia has large deposits of coal, oil, and gas Southwestern area can produce high yields of grains Fishing industry is one of the largest in the world Forests of Siberia provide plenty of timber However, Russia’s economy is not strong due to years of communist control of farms and factories which denied people the experience of creating jobs, starting businesses, and making money Moscow = political, economic, and transportation center of Russia Kaliningrad and St. Petersburgh = northwestern ports

8 Moscow

9 Inside the Kremlin

10 Economy Siberia has the largest supply of minerals Volga River carries almost ½ of Russia’s river traffic and provides water for irrigation and hydroelectric power

11 Volga River

12 Culture Over 145 million people and over 150 different ethnic groups 80% = Slavs Religions =Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, or Jewish St. Petersburg = founded in 1703 by Peter the Great whose goal was to make the city a “Window of the West” St. Petersburg has many beautiful museums and is home to the Marinsky Theatre = one of Russia’s top ballet companies

13 Slavic Church Architecture – Onion Domes Rural Urban

14 Slavic Russian Orthodox Christians Carrying Icons

15 Typical Orthodox Icon

16 Peter the Great

17 Culture Russians enjoy all kinds of literature, including folktales called skazki Russian Orthodox Church = incredibly popular and thriving even though communism tried to eliminate it Russian Orthodoxy was responsible for a Slavic alphabet called Cyrillic ¾ of Russian people live in cities, mostly in large apartment blocks New Years is most festive holiday Russian workers are celebrated on May Day

18 Soviet style apartment blocks

19 Vladimir I Chose Eastern Orthodoxy

20 History During Ad 800, Slavs built a civilization around the city of Kiev = Kievan Rus Mongols swept in during the 1200’s and greatly reduced Kiev’s wealth and power In 1480, Ivan III drove out the Mongols Russian rulers slowly expanded their power and land size = called czars, had complete and total control over the government Czars Peter the Great and Catherine the Great expanded territory


22 Catherine the Great

23 History At the bottom of society were great masses of people called serfs = farm laborers who were attached to the land Serfs lived hard lives and few could read and write In 1861, Czar Alexander II, known as Czar- liberator, freed the serfs from being tied to the land In late 1800’s, began to industrialize to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming

24 Czar Alexander II Freed the Serfs

25 Czar Nicholas II ANASTASIA

26 Soviet Era In 1917, political leaders, soldiers, and factory workers forced Czar Nicholas II to give up the throne Vladimir Lenin led a second revolution and seized control, set up a communist government, which had strict control of the government and society In 1922 Russian Communist leaders formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics = U.S.S.R Joseph Stalin took power after Lenin died, government took tighter control of country and many people suffered

27 Communist Sniper

28 Did you laugh? I hope you laughed. It felt good to laugh, didn’t it? Laughing promotes good health.

29 Vladimir Lenin

30 Joseph Stalin

31 An iron curtain descended across Europe!

32 Soviet Era After WWII, Stalin set up communist governments in many neighboring Eastern European countries From late 1940’s to late 1980’s US and USSR waged a Cold War, in which both nations competed for world influence without actually fighting each other Cuban Missile Crisis = hottest point Soviet Union included Russians and people from many other ethnic groups In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev took power and relaxed Soviet control

33 Cold War Movies Rocky IV 13 Days

34 Mikhail Gorbachev

35 Soviet Era In late 1991, each of the 15 republics made up of Soviet Union declared independence and the Soviet Union dissolved Perestroika = economic restructuring Glasnost = increasing political openness and freedom of information Tore down the Berlin Wall

36 Berlin Wall

37 Change from Communism Changed from communism to free enterprise immediately Under communism everyone had jobs, workers today can lose their jobs when business is poor Without government controls, prices have risen making it harder to buy necessities such as food, clothing Major Environmental issues due to the old Soviet government making factories and nuclear plants that polluted the environment Diseases have resulted from air pollution

38 Challenges of Change Russia is a democracy today Russian president has more power than US, can implement plans that are not passed by legislature Facing challenges of learning how to be a democracy Ethnic groups want to form their own country Chechens of Chechnya want their own nation, have used terrorism to get attention, Russia has had to use force to keep them in the country

39 Fin

Download ppt "Russia: A Comprehensive Look. Russia/Geography World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation difficult."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google