2Causes of the Russian Revolution Czarist RulePeasant UnrestProblems with Urban WorkersDiversity and Nationalism
3Czarist RuleIn the late 1800’s Czars Alexander III and Nicholas II wanted western industrialization while keeping French Revolution ideals out of the country.The government was seen as corrupt.The czars used secret police to repress reforms.
4Peasant Unrest There was a ridged social class system in Russia. Upper class landownersPriestCzar and NoblesPeasantsPeasants werePoorDid not have enough foodCould not own land
5Problems of Urban Workers Long hoursLittle payLived in slumsPoverty and diseaseIt was among these workers that the ideas of revolution and social reform spread.
6Diversity and Nationalism Russia contained many ethnic groupsAll people were required to think and act as Russians.Ethnic groups did not want their culture taken away from them.Nationalist movement began.
7The Causes of the 1905 Revolution Secret PoliceRepressReformsRussia losesRusso-JapaneseWarCorruptCzaristRuleEthnicCulturesareRepressedBadWorkingConditionsPovertyfor thePeasantsBloodySundayKillings
8Revolution of 1905January 22, 1905 a peaceful march begins in hope of influencing the czar on social reforms.
9Bloody Sunday Nicholas II fears the march and calls in his soldiers. The soldiers shot and killed many of the marchers.The people have no faith in the czarRevolts begin across Russia.Czar Nicholas II is forced to make reforms.
10Results of the 1905 Revolution Czar NicholasAnnouncesReformsPromisesto grant moreFreedomsandRightsSets up anElectedLegislativebodythe DumaThe Dumahas limitedPowerThe Dumamust approveallLawsNicholasDissolves the1st DumaforCriticizing him
11World War One/End of the Czar Russia does poorly in World War OneMany lose confidence in the military leaders and the czar.Soldiers revolt or desert
12The March RevolutionMarch 1917 the lack of food, fuel and housing causes rioters to march in the streets.Soldiers called to stop the riots sympathize with the rioters.The czar loses control over his military.Czar Nicholas II gives up the throne.
13The Failure of the Duma Continues The Duma Plans to the unpopular war againstGermanyThe Dumasets up aProvisionalGovernmentPlans towrite aConstitutionSlow changeslead to theSocialistMovementOnly smallreforms aremadeunrest amongpeasants/workersThe wardrains thecountry ofmen andmaterials
15Marx and CommunismMarx believed that for a country to become communist it must be fully industrialized.Marx believed that only then could the workers rise up and overthrow the capitalist/government.Marx further believed that once the government was in control of the people it would be the government of the people.Finally there would be no need for the government.
16Problems with RussiaRussia was not fully industrialized. The country was still agrarian.Most of the country was made up of peasants, not factory workers.
17Lenin and CommunismLenin’s chief goal was to create a classless society.Allowed for private businesses and for peasants to hold land.Wanted to raise the standard of living.The only problem was that Russia was not industrialized a key component to Marx’s communism.Lenin further believed that only the upper educated could and should control the government for the people.
18Bolsheviks The soon to be communist party of Russia. Because Russia lacked a large working class the Bolsheviks were to lead the revolution replacing the necessary working class.The Bolsheviks would guide the revolution.
19Lenin’s PromisesFollowing the March Revolution Lenin was allowed to return home.Lenin promised to end the problems of RussiaEnd Russia’s involvement in the war.Land reforms for the peasantsEnd to food shortages“Peace, Land and Bread”
20Lenin takes overBy November 1917 the people of Russia stopped supporting the Duma.November 1917 the Bolsheviks led by soldiers, sailors and factory workers take over the government.
21The CommunistThe Communist as Lenin now calls the party do the following;Distribute land to the peasants.Give workers control of the factories and mines.
22Lenin’s RuleLenin ends Russia’s involvement in World War One by signing the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.Russia gives up large portions of land to get out of the war.
23Russia’s Civil WarFrom 1918 to 1921 Lenin’s Red Army battled against the White Army which was loyal to the czar.
24Russia’s Civil War Red Army White Army Loyal to Lenin Used the secret police to find enemies.Executed thousands who opposed the revolution.Executed the Czar and his family.WonThe Communist and Lenin control Russia.White ArmyLoyal to the CzarTried to assassinate Lenin.Slaughtered thousands of Communist.Had aid from the U.S., Britain and France.Lost
25The Communist Party The Communist Party became the only legal party in Russia.had all the power.only members of the Communist Party could run for office.used the secret police and military to enforce its control.Russia was now a one party system of government in which Lenin had all control.
26New Economic PolicyIn 1917 the Communist took over all the banks, factories, mines and railroads.The takeover resulted in economic disaster for Russia.Lenin adopted the NEP in which the government still controlled the banks, factories and foreign trade.Some private businesses were now allowed which helped the economy recover.
27The Soviet Union In 1922 the Communist control all of Russia. Because Russia is made up of a large and diverse population each different ethnic area is designated a republic, the largest Russia, controls all the other republics.The name Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is given to Russia.
28Notes SummaryTake 5 minutes and review your notes. Then summarize your notes answering the following questions. Remember your summary should be in paragraph form.How did Lenin and Marx differ in their ideas of Communism?What was the problem with Russia becoming Communist?What was Lenin’s plan for Russia and how did he plan to obtain it?What was the real role of the Communist Party in Russia?What was the NEP Plan?
29Classwork Picture Written idea Create a storyboard for the events leading up to Lenin taking control of the government. You must have at least ten sections and you must fully explain the events leading up to the Communist control of Russia. Worth 20 points.PictureWritten idea
30Classwork Create a message of propaganda On a 8 ½ x 11 piece of paper you will create a poster of propaganda.On the front side you need to create a poster that tells about all the good things Lenin and the Communist Party are doing for the people of Russia. You must convince the people that Lenin and the Communist are best for the Soviet Union.“Peace, Land and Bread”On the back you must create a true poster of what was going with the Communist Party. What the party was doing who had complete control.Must use words, phrases, and pictures. Remember you are trying to convince the people that the Communist can solve the problems of Russia.Value 20 pts. 10 pts each side.
31HomeworkCreate a T chart on the ideas of Marx and the ideas of Lenin. What did each believe about communism. 10 pts.Finish propaganda poster.Read pages 775 – 780What other totalitarian governments come to power in the 20th centuryWhat is Russia’s Industrial Revolution?What is a Five-year Plan?What was daily life under Stalin like?WomenEducation