Presentation on theme: "Dot Game Instructions 1. Pick a small piece of paper from the bag. Some of the pieces of paper have a red dot on them. (DO NOT REVEAL WHAT IS ON YOUR PIECE."— Presentation transcript:
Dot Game Instructions 1. Pick a small piece of paper from the bag. Some of the pieces of paper have a red dot on them. (DO NOT REVEAL WHAT IS ON YOUR PIECE OF PAPER) 2. Object of the game is to create the largest group possible without any red dots. 1. Question each other as they form groups (e.g. “Are you for or against red dots”). REMEMBER: NO STUDENT IS TO REVEAL WHETHER OR NOT THEY HAVE A RED DOT ON THEIR PAPER. 3. The largest group without a member with a red dot wins. Any person who holds a red dot and has infiltrated a group wins.
THE SECOND RED SCARE The Cold War at Home and Abroad
The Communist Party and The Loyalty Program Communist Party in US declining after WWII Republicans used red-baiting as a campaign technique in 1944 and 1946 Tried to frighten voters about “commydemocrats” by linking FDR, CIO labor unions and Communism Helped the Republicans win seats Truman set up Loyalty Program (1947) Federal employees being a part of organizations or even sympathizing was grounds for dismissal.
The Communist Party and The Loyalty Program cont. Employees were fearful Loyalty boards asked about religion, racial equality, and a taste for foreign films 1210 fired 6000 resigned
Naming Names to Congress House Un-American Activities Committee (1945) Job was to investigated “un-American” propaganda Targeted Hollywood to make sure no un-American messages were being pushed through the entertainment business Many execs and actors confirmed their anti-communist feelings (Gary Cooper and Ronald Reagan for example) 8 screen writers and 2 directors refused to speak: The Hollywood Ten When brought to Congress First Amendment Right did not work and all were found guilty and served jail time. Many people Blacklisted and banned from entering America
Naming names to Congress cont. McCarran Committee Targeted diplomats, labor union leaders, professors, and school teachers. Not to force personal confessions, but to identify friends and associates Fifth Amendment Communists
Subversion Trials Former Communist Whittaker Chambers named Alger Hiss a Communist in 1948. Hiss sued for Slander Chambers gave Congressman Nixon microfilms that he had hidden in a pumpkin FAITH NOT FACTS Justice Department indicted Hiss for perjury Second jury convicted in January 1950 Klaus Fuchs confessed to passing atomic secrets to Soviets Implicated Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
Charged with Conspiring to commit Espionage Sent to electric chair for not naming other spies Plausible but not airtight. Ethel probably innocent and was charged as a way of pressuring her husband.
Senator McCarthy on Stage Speeches full of multiple lies. Plentitude of accusations with lack luster facts and proof People listened to him; fellow senators viewed him as an outsider Accused George Marshall, and Eisenhower did nothing “Have you no decency?”- Joseph Welch Died from alcoholism in 1957
Understanding McCarthyism Tools of political repression remained. Into late 60s. Cities and states required loyalty oaths of employees Four Main Factors Legit but exaggerated concern about atomic spies Undercurrent of anti-Semitism South and Western resentment of nations Ivy League elite Soviet and Chinese Communist successes blamed on American traitor rather than Communist strengths. Republicans used McCarthy until they got the presidency in 1952 and then abandoned him
Do now: What message is the politic cartoon trying to convey? Where do you think you would see propaganda like this?
T- Chart Communism Civil Liberties not protected No individuality (classless society) People should work together for good of society Fear of Domino Theory Gov’t controls industry and society Some fear gov’t power and control Accept all gov’t decisions McCarthyism Fear of accusations suppresses free speech Fear of accusations suppresses individuality McCarthy wants people to turn in suspected communists More and more people are accused (not proven of) being communist Fear of McCarthy(senator=gov’t) means he control much of society Keep to self- easier and less dangerous