Presentation on theme: "Young Intellectual Nomads: A Generation of Post-Communist Returnees and No-Returnees after Training in the West Pal Tamas[ HAS, Budapest]"— Presentation transcript:
Young Intellectual Nomads: A Generation of Post-Communist Returnees and No-Returnees after Training in the West Pal Tamas[ HAS, Budapest]
UNCERTAINITY- AS PRINCIPLE FOR LIFE PATTERN STRUCTURES PRE-1989/91 PRINCIPLES OF ACADEMIC MANPOWER BEHAVIOUR: a.Calculability of life patterns b.State- main source of intellectual jobs c.Academic manpower planning as a tool for the minimization of „overeducation” d.Meritocracy + loyalty = systems principles
MARGINALISATION AND DISAPPEARENCE OF INTELLECTUAL JOBS- 1989-91 STRUCTURAL – Cold War jobs SEASONAL -transitional state capacities VIRTUAL - dreams about own real potentials and social justice for „opressed” generations PERMANENT UNCERTAINTY –new element of life strategies
GENERAL TRENDS IN ACADEMIC LABOUR MARKETS A.Mass PhD training in social sciences – massive overproduction -80-90ies B.Discovery of project principle in research financing –already in the 60-70 C.Dualization of institutions and employment forms in „hard-soft” tracks
PUBLIC SPACE AROUND PROFESSIONAL COMMUNITIES OF SOCIAL RESEARCHERS Continuity- discontinuity of institutional elites / political involvement Continuity/ political involvement continuitydiscontinuity Direct policyOld technocracy Marketing, public opinion research „critical intelectuals” „manifesto intelectuals” Talk-show social scientists
STRUCTURE OF PROFESSIONAL COMMUNITIES Power/authonomy vs. funding sources Power/ founding InsidersOutsiders Western transfer Internat.org. ”expatriote” Data collector, case studies Government policy institutions Concept suppl. system builder Local policymaker sectoral data analyst
DYNAMICS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN THE 90IES factors1989-91Early 90iesLate 90ies Direct political involvement xxxxxx Public attentionxxxx Foreign research sources xxx Educational mission xxxxxx National innov. systems involv. x?---x
„END OF TRANSITION” STRATEGIES IN THE POST-SOCIALIST SOCIAL RESEARCH END OF 90IES Western agencies: support of individuals, but not institutions end of democracy building, termination of direct political interest Local academic elites: Growing interest in institutional reforms Direct institution-institution ties to the international professional community Stabilization of existing intra-academic power relationships
KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION MATRIX Space/ knowledge Political actor- specific knowlege Actor-specific knowledge Rigid client selection [no space available] KNOWLEDGE STRATEGY overpolitized, national, non-markets FULL SERVICE STRATEGY Dependency on public adminstrations Flexible client selection [space available] RELATIONSHIP STRATEGY I Cosmopolitan choices, international organisations, non- market RELATIONSHIP STRATEGY II Multi-actor markets, national, international
NEW „NOMADISMS” EARLY NOMADISMS -Democracy building NGOs at home -Sacralization of Western degrees -Political boom in re/training [US-EU, internal divisions in the regions] LATE NOMADISMS -integration of democracy building function into state institutions -prices for organizational loyalty
SOCIALLLY OPTIMAL ADAPTATION SOA- socially optimal adaptation = The „prudent” and feasible level of expenditures, that a country might want to carry out, given its baseline adaptive capacity at a particular time Vulnerabilities are almost always sectoral.
Hypothetical response curves indicating the way that various societies adapt to natural resource scarcity
RE-INTERPRETATION OF NEW INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS Knowledge resource market Academic labour market- rigidity, fluidity, mobility of experienced managerial personal „the supply market”- pre-existing buyer- supplier linkages Contracting-subcontracting relationships in academia
INTELLECTUAL NOMADS A.OVERPRODUCTION OF YOUNG PhDs IN SOCIAL SCIENCES B.COST-MINIMIZATION STRATEGIES IN THE ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS C.COMPETITIVE CAREER PATTERNS WITHOUT ORGANIZATIONAL LOYALTY? D.END OF LONG-TERM EMPLOYMENT IN THE ACADEME?
STRATEGIES OF NEW NOMADS 1.Leaving the academic scene 2.Social enterpreneurship 3.Conformity: adatation to existing institutions 4.Long-term intellectual migration 5.Counter-intellectual