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Young Intellectual Nomads: A Generation of Post-Communist Returnees and No-Returnees after Training in the West Pal Tamas[ HAS, Budapest]

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Presentation on theme: "Young Intellectual Nomads: A Generation of Post-Communist Returnees and No-Returnees after Training in the West Pal Tamas[ HAS, Budapest]"— Presentation transcript:

1 Young Intellectual Nomads: A Generation of Post-Communist Returnees and No-Returnees after Training in the West Pal Tamas[ HAS, Budapest]

2 UNCERTAINITY- AS PRINCIPLE FOR LIFE PATTERN STRUCTURES PRE-1989/91 PRINCIPLES OF ACADEMIC MANPOWER BEHAVIOUR: a.Calculability of life patterns b.State- main source of intellectual jobs c.Academic manpower planning as a tool for the minimization of „overeducation” d.Meritocracy + loyalty = systems principles

3 MARGINALISATION AND DISAPPEARENCE OF INTELLECTUAL JOBS- 1989-91 STRUCTURAL – Cold War jobs SEASONAL -transitional state capacities VIRTUAL - dreams about own real potentials and social justice for „opressed” generations PERMANENT UNCERTAINTY –new element of life strategies

4 GENERAL TRENDS IN ACADEMIC LABOUR MARKETS A.Mass PhD training in social sciences – massive overproduction -80-90ies B.Discovery of project principle in research financing –already in the 60-70 C.Dualization of institutions and employment forms in „hard-soft” tracks

5 PUBLIC SPACE AROUND PROFESSIONAL COMMUNITIES OF SOCIAL RESEARCHERS Continuity- discontinuity of institutional elites / political involvement Continuity/ political involvement continuitydiscontinuity Direct policyOld technocracy Marketing, public opinion research „critical intelectuals” „manifesto intelectuals” Talk-show social scientists

6 STRUCTURE OF PROFESSIONAL COMMUNITIES Power/authonomy vs. funding sources Power/ founding InsidersOutsiders Western transfer Internat.org. ”expatriote” Data collector, case studies Government policy institutions Concept suppl. system builder Local policymaker sectoral data analyst

7 DYNAMICS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN THE 90IES factors1989-91Early 90iesLate 90ies Direct political involvement xxxxxx Public attentionxxxx Foreign research sources xxx Educational mission xxxxxx National innov. systems involv. x?---x

8 „END OF TRANSITION” STRATEGIES IN THE POST-SOCIALIST SOCIAL RESEARCH END OF 90IES Western agencies: support of individuals, but not institutions end of democracy building, termination of direct political interest Local academic elites: Growing interest in institutional reforms Direct institution-institution ties to the international professional community Stabilization of existing intra-academic power relationships

9 KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION MATRIX Space/ knowledge Political actor- specific knowlege Actor-specific knowledge Rigid client selection [no space available] KNOWLEDGE STRATEGY overpolitized, national, non-markets FULL SERVICE STRATEGY Dependency on public adminstrations Flexible client selection [space available] RELATIONSHIP STRATEGY I Cosmopolitan choices, international organisations, non- market RELATIONSHIP STRATEGY II Multi-actor markets, national, international

10 DOCTORAL STUDIES- LENGHT, 2004-5

11 NEW „NOMADISMS” EARLY NOMADISMS -Democracy building NGOs at home -Sacralization of Western degrees -Political boom in re/training [US-EU, internal divisions in the regions] LATE NOMADISMS -integration of democracy building function into state institutions -prices for organizational loyalty

12 SOCIALLLY OPTIMAL ADAPTATION SOA- socially optimal adaptation = The „prudent” and feasible level of expenditures, that a country might want to carry out, given its baseline adaptive capacity at a particular time Vulnerabilities are almost always sectoral.

13 Hypothetical response curves indicating the way that various societies adapt to natural resource scarcity

14 RE-INTERPRETATION OF NEW INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS Knowledge resource market Academic labour market- rigidity, fluidity, mobility of experienced managerial personal „the supply market”- pre-existing buyer- supplier linkages Contracting-subcontracting relationships in academia

15 INTELLECTUAL NOMADS A.OVERPRODUCTION OF YOUNG PhDs IN SOCIAL SCIENCES B.COST-MINIMIZATION STRATEGIES IN THE ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS C.COMPETITIVE CAREER PATTERNS WITHOUT ORGANIZATIONAL LOYALTY? D.END OF LONG-TERM EMPLOYMENT IN THE ACADEME?

16 STRATEGIES OF NEW NOMADS 1.Leaving the academic scene 2.Social enterpreneurship 3.Conformity: adatation to existing institutions 4.Long-term intellectual migration 5.Counter-intellectual


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