Presentation on theme: "Types of Media Systems Western Media System Revolutionary Media System Communist Media System Developmental Media System Authoritarian Media System."— Presentation transcript:
Types of Media Systems Western Media System Revolutionary Media System Communist Media System Developmental Media System Authoritarian Media System
Western Media System Media privately owned Privately supported (advertising) Free flow of ideas/diversity of views Free of government control Rarest form of media existing where... Press is 4th estate
Western Media System Common law protects individuals High income, literacy, education Multi-party democracy Tradition of independent journalism
Problems in Western Media Profit-making emphasis Concentration of ownership
Revolutionary Media Illegal/subversive Used to overthrow “Underground” Short term People at odds with government Alternative forms
Communist Media Owned and controlled by state Instrument of rule Goal is nation-building “News” is what’s important to state Originally a revolutionary tool
Lenin on communist media “…free press gives freedom to oppress, deceive and exploit the masses…”
Developmental Media The goal is nation-building Explain to people their role in the new social order Temporary No freedom of expression Top - down flow of information
Authoritarian Media Oldest form of media Press supports the state Top - down flow of information Ruler decides what is published Maintain status quo Evolved into Communist & Developmental
Political infrastructures 1st world: Industrialized 2nd world: Communist 3rd world: Undeveloped
News How is it defined? What is its role/function? What is the content?
Role of the Media Autonomous? Ancillary?
Relationship to government 1st world: Press independent 2nd world: Press under control 3rd world: Press mobilized to aid development
The Global Village Cultural homogenization Homogenization of language The Instantaneous transmission of news: What is its impact?
Media Imperialism The one-way flow of information to developing nations. The imposition of western culture and values on developing nations. Hegemony
U. S. Provincialism We don’t look outside our boundaries, unless…