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Types of Media Systems Western Media System Revolutionary Media System Communist Media System Developmental Media System Authoritarian Media System
Western Media System Media privately ownedPrivately supported (advertising) Free flow of ideas/diversity of views Free of government control Rarest form of media existing where... Press is 4th estate
Western Media System Common law protects individualsHigh income, literacy, education Multi-party democracy Tradition of independent journalism
Problems in Western MediaProfit-making emphasis Concentration of ownership
Revolutionary Media Illegal/subversive Used to overthrow “Underground”Short term People at odds with government Alternative forms
Communist Media Owned and controlled by state Instrument of ruleGoal is nation-building “News” is what’s important to state Originally a revolutionary tool
Lenin on communist media“…free press gives freedom to oppress, deceive and exploit the masses…”
Developmental Media The goal is nation-buildingExplain to people their role in the new social order Temporary No freedom of expression Top - down flow of information
Authoritarian Media Oldest form of media Press supports the stateTop - down flow of information Ruler decides what is published Maintain status quo Evolved into Communist & Developmental
Political infrastructures1st world: Industrialized 2nd world: Communist 3rd world: Undeveloped
What is its role/function? What is the content?News How is it defined? What is its role/function? What is the content?
Role of the Media Autonomous? Ancillary?
Relationship to government1st world: Press independent 2nd world: Press under control 3rd world: Press mobilized to aid development
The Global Village Cultural homogenization Homogenization of language The Instantaneous transmission of news: What is its impact?
Media Imperialism The one-way flow of information to developing nations. The imposition of western culture and values on developing nations. Hegemony
We don’t look outside our boundaries, unless…U. S. Provincialism We don’t look outside our boundaries, unless…
International and Comparative Media Systems
The Structure of Media Organizations Media Organizations follow a traditional industrial structure: Production Distribution Exhibition and/or Point of.
Chapter 11: The Third World. Thinking About The Third World The Basics Poverty Environmental Threats Ethnicity and Conflict Globalization and Structural.
Differing Ideologies of the Cold War. Economic Ideals capitalism Private Ownership of Industry Freedom of Competition Laissez-faire Society based on class.
CHAPTER 6 NEW MEDIA – NEW THEORY?. DISCUSSING NEW MEDIA When is new theory needed? Fundamental changes in forms of social organization of the media technlogies.
Media and Terrorism Meeting 8. Changing Correspondents World flow as series of trickles and spurts News breaks in SA along direct line of international.
THE NOTION OF FREEDOM OF (THE MEDIA) IN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLICY Andrei Richter, OSCE Office of the Representative on Freedom of the Media, Lomonosov.
Market Model, Public Sphere Model
Challenges to freedom of expression The right to freedom of expression is a “foundation right” in society. Defined in Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Challenges to freedom of expression The right to freedom of expression is a “foundation right” in society. It protects the right to: -Express ourselves.
Special Status of the Press 1st Amendment Protections Special laws (shield laws) How do we justify this status?
MEDIA & DEMOCRACY Some final thoughts.... Concerns About Public Interest Democracy depends on a free flow of ideas, primarily through the media Not just.
The Mass Media Mass media – all the means for communicating any information to the general public. News media condense and clarify stories, alert the.
Life Expectancy is 180 th in the World. Literacy Rate is 4 th in Africa.
THE IMPACT OF THE PRINTING PRESS. No books Illiterate population Oral culture Priests announced news at church Local priests often didn’t own.
Theoretical perspectives of international communication
Foundations of American Government. The Functions of Government Government is an institution in which leaders use power to make and enforce laws.
GLOBALIZATION AND MEDIA
The right to information: Strengthening democracy, good governance & development Pippa Norris Democratic Governance Group/UNDP
Theory & Research Traditions Meeting 2. Dependency Theory Ideological role of media is part of economic relations (Marxist view) In relationship of dependency,
Nigeria Ross Gartley January 27, 2000 l Pop : 121 million l GDP/capita: $285 l Poverty : 66% l Debt/GDP : 70% l “Democracy” l oil, cocoa.
Chapter 6 describes the origin and growth of the media, assess their objectivity, and examine their influence on politics.
Media Economics The Global Marketplace. The beginnings of Mass Media Urbanization Urbanization Mass Production Industrialization Mass Production Industrialization.
12.1—Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American principles and moral values of American democracy as expressed in the U.
The Media Landscape… Not just what we watch, listen, play information society: the exchange of information is the predominant economic activity. Producing,
Chapter 1. Chp. 1 Vocabulary 1. State 2. Nation 3. Sovereignty 4. Government 5. Social contract 6. Constitution 7. Industrialized nation 8. Developing.
SWBT : identify and explain how citizens get their news - Explain the relationship between media & politics December 3, 2014.
Media in a Global Context. War & Diplomacy Ideological & Cultural Transmission News & Information Entertainment Profit Prominent Uses of Communication.
Introduction to the Networked Communications Environment Lisa Horner, Global Partners.
Why Does Globalization of Popular Culture Cause Problems? C4K4.
Media Globalization The Global and the Local in Media Cultures.
Social and Professional Issues in IT Roshan Chitrakar.
Manufacturing Consent / Propaganda Model. Brief Bio American Linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, logician, political commentator & social justice.
Normative Theories Of The Press
Newly Industrializing and Less Developed Countries.
Chapter 9: The Internet and World Wide Web Two contrasting views: Media Critic Marshall McCLuhan: the Internet would help create a “global village” of.
Sociology Now 1 st Edition Kimmel/Aronson *This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by.
Public Relations Strategies and Tactics Tenth Edition
The project & the process Theories of mass media Ideology and methods of Culture Jammers The nature of the Internet Keywords: –media, democracy, consumerism,
WIPO – IP and Creative SMEs in the Digital Environment Copyright and the Participative Web Prof. Dr. Martin Senftleben VU University Amsterdam Geneva,
Newspapers Welcome to Unit 2 Seminar. Tonight’s Agenda History of Newspaper Newspaper Advertising Newspaper Content.
Political & Economic Systems 3-2. I. The World’s Countries O A. Almost 200 independent countries in the world today O B. 4 specific characteristics that.
Mass Media Part 3 The Ownership of the Mass Media.
Three World’s First World –US and its allies Second World –USSR and its allies Third World –Countries not assigned to 1 st or 2 nd world.
CHAPTER 1 FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT. LESSON 1: Purposes and Origins of Government Essential Question: What are the purposes of government? Content Vocabulary:
Principles of Government Review
Chap. 12 – Central and Eastern Europe Global Public Relations 1.
Making News. Communicating news information News reporting is a genre with its own specific characteristics Its characteristics have evolved owing.
Theory of media and society
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