Presentation on theme: "What is Communism? Communism - a government where people shared work fairly and were paid equally. The word “Communism” comes from the Latin word “Communis”"— Presentation transcript:
1What is Communism?Communism - a government where people shared work fairly and were paid equally.The word “Communism” comes from the Latin word “Communis” which means common or belonging to all.
2The Beliefs of Communism The rich get richer.The poor get poorer.People wanted to make everything equal.
3The Goal of CommunismGoal: to get rid of social classes and make everything fair for everyone.
4Do you agree? Or disagree? Based off of what you know, do you think Communism is a good idea?If yes: explain whyIf no: what are potential dangers of Communism?
5CapitalismAn economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit.
6Basics of Capitalism:Capitalism is said to promote economic growth and the overall standard of living.In other words, capitalism creates CAPITAL (money) …and lots of it.
7Basics of Capitalism:Buyers (people) influence the market through their demand and ability to purchase goods and services. There is very little government intervention.Producers (businesses) are motivated by profit (money) and therefore create whatever goods people will buy.In other words, the businesses run the economy, the government stays out of it!
8Do you agree? Or disagree? Based off of what you know, do you think Capitalism is a good idea?If yes: explain whyIf no: what are potential dangers of Capitalism?
9Problems with Communism: Lack of individualityLack of choiceEqual treatment for all, even if you work harder than all the rest
10Problems with Capitalism: There is a growing gap between the rich and the poor. The rich get richer and the people who work for them remain poor.
11So what is the best solution? Do you believe that Communism or Capitalism is a better economic system?“Yes” = Capitalism“No” = CommunismBe sure to you specific reasons to support your answer.
12Chinese Economy from WWII - Present After WWII, the Communist Party gained a lot of support.Mao Zedong was the leader
13Mao’s ChinaMao Zedong used propaganda to spread the ideas of Communism and published “The Little Red Book” to teach people communist philosophies
14The Great Leap Forward - 1958 In 1958 Zedong began a radical program called the Great Leap Forward to increase production in farms and factoriesThe Communists rushed to increase production and made people with little to no experience try to farm or produce steel in their backyards.The steel was of poor quality making it useless and the poor weather resulted in a widespread famine.An estimated 30 million people died of starvation
15The Cultural Revolution - 1966 Create a society with no ties to the past:Closed schoolsUrged students to rebel against their students, these people were called “Red Guards”Many Ancient Chinese buildings were destroyedAnyone opposing Zedong was attacked by the young Red GuardsFinally, they began to turn against Zedong and were eventually imprisonedHundreds of thousands ofpeople were killedChina was in turmoil!
16The Four Modernizations - 1981 Deng Xiaoping became the new leader of China in Over the past 20 years, China has seen slow changes in their economy, allowing some free enterprise (meaning that the government does control ALL aspects of the economy)Xiaoping led The Four Modernizations:FarmingIndustryScienceDefense
17Modern China Today, China is a major economic power China still only has one political party, the Chinese Communist Party, meaning there is no political freedomIn 1989, people gathered in Tiananmen Square in China’s capital to protest for democracy. The government sent in troops and tanks, 1000’s were killed or wounded.
18Modern China There is still a need for human rights reforms… China today is one of the world’s greatest manufacturing countriesWhile the economy is slowly changing, there is not much room for political change given the fact that there is only one political party allowed.
19Inferring what you know… Based off of what you know about Mao Zedong, what is the irony of this political cartoon, and what it is trying to communicate?