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RF Bandpass Filter 學生：陳昱夫

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**Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Bandpass Filter With Embedded Band Notch Structures (1)**

Proposed UWB BPF with embedded band notch stubs. Predicted and the measured results for Filter-A with the FCC indoor mask.

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**Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Bandpass Filter With Embedded Band Notch Structures (2)**

Insertion loss of the embedded stub with varying gap for Ws =0.1mm and Wc = 1.3 mm. Schematic diagrams of (a) conventional open-circuited stub, (b) spurline, and (c) proposed embedded open-circuited stub. Full-wave EM simulation of the complete layout of the designed UWB BPF with varying equal stub lengths.

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**Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Bandpass Filter With Embedded Band Notch Structures (3)**

製作於FR4板、介電常數為 3.05 基板高度0.508 損失0.025 不具有傳輸零點 具有一個可調式notched band 結構尺寸22.2mm X 15.1mm，大約為1.07λg X 0.54λg。 中心頻率在5.83GHz

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IE3D模擬

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Investigation in Open Circuited Metal Lines Embedded in Defected Ground Structure and Its Applications to UWB Filters (1) Schematic diagrams of (a) top view of proposed UWB BPF, (b) bottom view of proposed UWB BPF, (c) top view of proposed UWB BPF with notch band implementation, (d) bottom view of proposed UWB BPF with notch band implementation Simulated and measured results of Fabricated UWB BPF.

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Investigation in Open Circuited Metal Lines Embedded in Defected Ground Structure and Its Applications to UWB Filters (2) 製作於FR4板、介電常數為4.4、基板高度0.8、損失為0.025。 具有兩個傳輸零點，分別在1.65GHz和11.36GHz。 具有一個notched band 。(只可控制頻寬) 結構尺寸11.7mm X 6.3mm、大約為0.41λg X 0.22λg。 中心頻率為 5.5GHz

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IE3D模擬

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**Ultra Wideband Bandpass Filter with Dual Notch Bands (1)**

Simulated and measured frequency responses and (b) group delay of the fabricated UWB BPF. The dimensions are W1 = 0.1, W 2 = 0.7, W 3 = W 5 = 1.8, W 4 = 0.7, Lc = 4, L1 = 4.4, L2 = L4 = 2, L3 = 3.3, L5 = 4.2, d = 4.2, S1 = 0.1, S2 = S3 = 0.2. All are in mm. Structure of the proposed UWB filter

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**Ultra Wideband Bandpass Filter with Dual Notch Bands (2)**

(a) Structure of the square etched MMR and (b) |S21|- magnitude of the MMR with different coupled line lengths (Lc). |S21|-magnitude

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**Ultra Wideband Bandpass Filter with Dual Notch Bands (3)**

|S21|-magnitude in comparison of SIR 1 SIR 2 with tuning 1.

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**Ultra Wideband Bandpass Filter with Dual Notch Bands (4)**

製作於Duroid 6010板、介電常數為10.2、基板高度為1.27、損失0.0023。 整個通帶從3.1GHz~11GHz。 不具有傳輸零點。 具有兩個可調式notched band 。 結構尺寸為13.4mm X 8.62mm。

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IE3D模擬

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**Compact Ultra-Wideband Bandpass Filter Using Dual-Line Coupling Structure(1)**

Simulated and measured results of the fabricated BPF with spurious response suppression. Topology of the compact UWB BPF

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**Compact Ultra-Wideband Bandpass Filter Using Dual-Line Coupling Structure(3)**

超寬帶帶通 4.9和10.9GHz 返回損失超過 15db從 5.7至10.7GHz 在1分貝插入損耗約 5GHz帶寬，最小插入損耗為 0.49 dB的7.3GHz。 S-parameters and group delay of the UWB BPF.

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IE3D模擬

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**A New Dual-Band Microstrip Bandpass Filter Using Net-Type Resonators**

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INTRODUCTION λ/2 SIRs shown in Fig. 1(a-1) and (a-2) are employed to design dual-band filters with two passbands at frequencies ƒ1 and ƒ2 (ƒ2 > ƒ1) . The frequency ratio ƒ2/ƒ1 determines which type of SIRs ( K <1 or K>1 ) should be adopted.

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INTRODUCTION λ/4 SIR shown in Fig. 1(b-1) was evolved into the net-type resonator [9] depicted in Fig. 1(c-1) and (d-1), and then exploited to design a single passband filter.

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INTRODUCTION the net-type resonator in the K>1 region shown in Fig. 2 is developed to achieve two closely specified resonant frequencies. The filter developed in this letter not only has two transmission zeros to improve the selectivity of each passband, but also provides a wide stopband suppression and an excellent mid-band rejection between two passbands. Fig. 2. Spurious resonant frequencies of the λ/4 stepped-impedance resonator With K=Z2/Z1 <1 and K=Z2/Z1 >1

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**DUAL-BAND NET-TYPE RESONATOR**

To design the λ/4 SIR with two close resonant frequencies, ƒ1 and ƒ2 (ƒ2/ƒ1 ≈ 2). It is comprised of two transmission lines with the equal electrical length and the impedance ratio K=Z2/Z1 > 1. The high impedance (Z2) line is kept open-circuited while the low impedance (Z1) line is connected to the ground. Hence, the first two resonant frequencies f1 and f2 (f2 > f1) of this λ/4 SIR

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**DUAL-BAND NET-TYPE RESONATOR**

Since the electrical lengths of two sections of the SIR are set to equal,the net-type resonator can be folded to a square box shape as shown in Fig. 1(d-2). The low impedance line can be equivalent to three parallelconnected stubs as shown in Fig. 1(c-2).

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**DUAL-BAND NET-TYPE RESONATOR**

Note that neither the value of K nor ƒ2/ƒ1 is restricted to an integer. Fig. 3 shows the resonant frequencies of the net-type resonators with K = 1.57 (ƒ2/ƒ1 = 2.5) and K = 3 (ƒ2/ƒ1 = 3) Fig. 3. Resonant frequencies of the net-type resonator with K = 1.57 and 3.

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**DESIGN OF DUAL-BAND FILTER**

The resonators 1 and 4 are designed to simultaneously operate at the center frequencies ƒ1 and ƒ2 of he first and second passbands. The resonators 2I and 3I are designed to operate at ƒ1 while the resonators 2II and 3II are designed to operate at ƒ2 (a) Coupling structure

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**DESIGN OF DUAL-BAND FILTER**

The filter is fabricated on a RO4003 substrate with a thickness of mm, a dielectric constant of 3.38, and a loss tangent of The center frequencies of two passbands are set To ƒ1 =1 GHz and ƒ2 =2 GHz schematic layout of the dual-band BPF using net-type resonators.

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**DESIGN OF DUAL-BAND FILTER**

Substituting ƒ1 and ƒ2 into (1), one can obtain the impedance ratio K = 3 , and then calculate the electrical length Ɵ = 60o (1) using (2). Here Z1 and Z2 are chosen as 60Ω and 20Ω , respectively. (2) The fractional bandwidths (FBWs) of first and second passbands are ∆1 = 4.6% and ∆ 2 = 4.8%

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**SIMULATED AND MEASURED RESULTS**

It occupies a circuit size of X mm2. The simulated and measured results are illustrated in Fig. 5(b), and their enlarged views of the responses are given in Fig. 5(c). Circuit photograph of the developed filter. Simulated and measured results covering two passbands and their enlarged views of responses.

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**SIMULATED AND MEASURED RESULTS**

the mid-band rejection between two passbands is greater than 40 dB from 1.14 GHz to 1.75 GHz. It is because the open stub in the resonator 1 or 4 individually gives a transmission zero at around 1.5 GHz. then the coupling between resonators 1 and 4 makes two transmission zeros split at 1.33 and 1.55 GHz.

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報告到此結束 謝謝聆聽

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