# STOP POLYGONS – Introduction

## Presentation on theme: "STOP POLYGONS – Introduction"— Presentation transcript:

STOP POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. STOP

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. These are all polygons

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. Lastly , they enclose space in a plane. These are all polygons

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. Lastly , they enclose space in a plane. There are points on, inside, and outside each polygon.

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. Lastly , they enclose space in a plane. These figures ARE NOT polygons. Does not close space and does not have segments joined with the endpoints of two other segments.

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. Lastly , they enclose space in a plane. These figures ARE NOT polygons. Does not close space and does not have segments joined with the endpoints of two other segments. No sides or vertices

POLYGONS – Introduction
A polygon is closed plane figure with three or more sides. A stop sign is an example of a polygon. It has vertices and no segments intersect. All segments of the polygon must intersect with two other segments at their endpoints. Lastly , they enclose space in a plane. These figures ARE NOT polygons. Sides intersect. Does not close space and does not have segments joined with the endpoints of two other segments. No sides or vertices

STOP POLYGONS – Introduction
Polygons are named by their number of sides. The more familiar ones have 3, 4, 5, and 8 sides. The word polygon comes from the Greek language meaning “many angles”. Hence a triangle, “tri” means three, has three angles. STOP

3 Triangle 4 Tetragon 5 Pentagon 6 Hexagon 7 Heptagon 4 3 6 5 7
POLYGONS – Introduction Polygons are named by their number of sides. The more familiar ones have 3, 4, 5, and 8 sides. The word polygon comes from the Greek language meaning “many angles”. Hence a triangle, “tri” means three, has three angles. Let’s name all the polygons from 3 – 10 sides. Number of Sides Polygon Name 3 Triangle 4 Tetragon 5 Pentagon 6 Hexagon 7 Heptagon 4 3 6 5 7

8 Octagon 9 Nonagon 10 Decagon 8 9 9 10 POLYGONS – Introduction
Polygons are named by their number of sides. The more familiar ones have 3, 4, 5, and 8 sides. The word polygon comes from the Greek language meaning “many angles”. Hence a triangle, “tri” means three, has three sides. Let’s name all the polygons from 3 – 10 sides. Number of Sides Polygon Name 8 Octagon 9 Nonagon 10 Decagon 8 9 9 10

8 Octagon 9 Nonagon 10 Decagon 12 12 - gon 15 15 - gon 8 9 9 10
POLYGONS – Introduction Polygons are named by their number of sides. The more familiar ones have 3, 4, 5, and 8 sides. The word polygon comes from the Greek language meaning “many angles”. Hence a triangle, “tri” means three, has three sides. AFTER 10, just throw the number on front of the word “gon” An “n – gon”… Number of Sides Polygon Name 8 Octagon 9 Nonagon 10 Decagon 12 12 - gon 15 15 - gon 8 9 9 10

POLYGONS – Introduction
Polygons are classified as convex or concave. Convex the easiest way to describe a convex polygon is it doesn’t collapse on itself. If I would extend the sides of the polygon, none of them would cut through the interior of the polygon.

POLYGONS – Introduction
Concave these polygons collapse on themselves. They look like they have a “notch” in them. When I extend the sides, the line cuts through the polygon.

POLYGONS – Introduction
Concave these polygons collapse on themselves. They look like they have a “notch” in them. When I extend the sides, the line cuts through the polygon. Also, two vertices of the polygon can be connected “outside” of the polygon.

POLYGONS – Introduction
Regular Polygons - convex - all sides are equal length ( equilateral ) - all angle measures are equal ( equiangular )

POLYGONS – Introduction
Regular Polygons - convex - all sides are equal length ( equilateral ) - all angle measures are equal ( equiangular ) EXAMPLES :

POLYGONS – Introduction
Irregular Polygons - convex OR concave - sides are not equal in length - all angle measures are NOT equal

POLYGONS – Introduction
Irregular Polygons - convex OR concave - sides are not equal in length - all angle measures are NOT equal EXAMPLES :

POLYGONS – Introduction
To work with polygons we need to label them. When labeling their vertices, start at one vertice and then move clockwise in consecutive order. Don’t skip letters. A B D C

POLYGONS – Introduction
To work with polygons we need to label them. When labeling their vertices, start at one vertice and then move clockwise in consecutive order. Don’t skip letters. A B D C To name polygons, state their vertices in order. - polygon ABCD

POLYGONS – Introduction
To work with polygons we need to label them. When labeling their vertices, start at one vertice and then move clockwise in consecutive order. Don’t skip letters. A B M D C To name polygons, state their vertices in order. - polygon ABCD - polygon MNO O N

POLYGONS – Introduction
Once the polygons are labeled, you can reference the polygons sides and angles. A B M D C O N

POLYGONS – Introduction
Once the polygons are labeled, you can reference the polygons sides and angles. Side AB A B Angle M M D C O N