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API - WI 2348 Methodology to provide Mechanical Assurance in DCB test API Summer Meeting Washington DC, Jun 26 th 2013 8:00 am – 12:00 pm Supporting for.

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Presentation on theme: "API - WI 2348 Methodology to provide Mechanical Assurance in DCB test API Summer Meeting Washington DC, Jun 26 th 2013 8:00 am – 12:00 pm Supporting for."— Presentation transcript:

1 API - WI 2348 Methodology to provide Mechanical Assurance in DCB test API Summer Meeting Washington DC, Jun 26 th 2013 8:00 am – 12:00 pm Supporting for Work Group 085c Double –Cantilever-Beam (DCB) Test Update to the RGSSP

2 Summary of activities to date – FEA models Numerical analysis through FEA model of DCB specimens (2D and 3D) with Chevron and EDM. Contribution from USS, V&M and Tenaris Main Conclusions EDM lineup specimen has more similar initial cracking driving force to Chevron starter specimen than current standard EDM specimen. EDM line up configuration has been adopted by NACE TM0177 ballot EDM line up (shorter) configuration has the smallest difference considering variation of P/B vs. crack length with respect to Chevron notch For cracks exceeding 2 inches long, the percentage variation of lift load is lower than 3%.Therefore the same variation in compliance is expected Difference of 5% in Compliance between Current equation and 3D Model could be attributed to a slight geometric difference between them (currently under review) and will be verified after Experimental program. Update to the RGSSP

3 Summary of activities to date – Experimental program Experimental program on DCB specimens with EDM notch is being conducted at CRC (Shell Lab in Calgary – Canada). This work has been donated by Shell. Activity under progress Scope of work and experimental procedure EDM 1 EDM 2 Compliance determination: Load and line displacements will be measured by a clip-on gage monitored during the test. An average value of compliance will be obtained for each specimen/condition. Compliance determination will be performed at Shell Canada labs (CRC). Evaluated geometries: Two EDM configuration with four discrete crack lengths per each EDM configuration will be evaluated. Triplicates will be performed for each geometry. Total number of specimens 24. Material: Grade C110 ODxWT177.8x11.51 mm. Mechanical Properties : YS = 113 ±2ksi ; UTS = 126,5±2ksi; mean Hardness cross section 25.5±1 RC. Update to the RGSSP

4  Frozen of fracture and crack length measurement. Measurement of DCB crack length will be side visual, by staining and by opening the fracture surface.  Option to pre-crack 3 specimens to NACE pre-crack length and measure compliance prior to extending crack to final specified crack length  Compile the data and determine the best curve fitting the data to obtain a compliance formula for the EDM DCB. Document the work. COD linearity  Compliance determination as machined specimens (24), prior to fatigue pre-cracking.  Compliance measurement after pre-cracking to a specified crack length (24).  The maximum load at maximum COD must be less than the maximum load of the fatigue pre- cracking cycles. Note: Procedure has been discussed/agreed with T. Perez and K. Szklarz Scope of work and experimental procedure Update to the RGSSP Summary of activities to date – Experimental program

5 DCB geometry details Configuration to allow attachment of a load-line crack opening displacement (COD) gauge will be used. Update to the RGSSP Summary of activities to date – Experimental program

6 Summary of results to date 1. Compliance determination as machined specimens (24), prior to fatigue pre- cracking. Checking of the as received specimens has reached following results compared with old data (1993) coming from Chevron notch specimens: For the short crack started EDM specimens (EDM 2 – Y=38,1 mm) Differences reported are 10,2 % to 13,2% (Ave 11%) For the longer crack started EDM specimens (EDM 1 – Y= 41,3 mm) Differences are 6% to 7,8% (Ave 7%) Comments and Action Items defined: As the results were unexpected, Karol Szklarz suggested to check the previous work on Chevron notch (performed in 1993), by doing some more tests (4 o 6 specimens) on the same material. Tenaris will be machining in the upcoming weeks 6 specimens and then sent it to CRC to be tested. Shell is checking funding approval to make these additional tests at CRC. Update to the RGSSP Summary of activities to date – Experimental program

7 Summary of results to date 2. Compliance measurement after pre-cracking to a specified crack length (24 specimens).  For the longer EDM (EDM 1 - Y=41,3 mm) fatigue cracking and compliance for approximately 40, 50 and 60 mm have been done. 70 mm is yet to come. However the Shell lab has not yet reported the final crack lengths. According Karol Szklarz estimations the compliance could range from 7% lower for as-received to about 2 % lower for the 60 or 70 mm crack (as compared to existing equation).  For the shorter EDM (EDM 2 – Y=38 mm) no fatigue cracking has been done so far. Pending work:  Shell to report final crack length on EDM 1 (longer) in order to complete Compliance measurement on the 24 specimens after pre-cracking.  Shell to perform pending fatigue cracking of EDM 2 (shorter) and to report them.  Option to pre-crack 3 specimens to NACE pre-crack length and measure compliance prior to extending crack to final specified crack length will be evaluated.  Compile the data and determine the best curve fitting the data to obtain a compliance formula for the EDM DCB. Document the work. Reasonable estimation indicate that testing program should be completed before next API winter meeting to be presented. Update to the RGSSP Summary of activities to date – Experimental program

8 Proactive discussion has been performed to get consensus on proposal for changing Young’s modulus that is being currently used in DCB compliance analysis. Based on contributions from Vallourec, NSSMC and Tenaris primary consensus achieved was to recommend : 210 GPa (30,5 x10 6 psi) for T95 and C110 material. However, taking into account that API 5C3 standard has stated a Young modulus value of 30,0 x 10 6 psi, a final consensus was achieved to recommend such value as the right one to be used for Compliance check. Therefore the Young modulus value of 200 GPa (29,0 x 10 6 psi) currently used on DCB compliance analysis, is recommended to be changed to a 207 GPa (30,0 x 10 6 psi ) Proposal was submitted to the API RGPP (Resource Group on Performance Properties) to be considered. RGPP accepted the proposal. Summary of activities to date – Young modulus Update to the RGSSP

9 Following recommended changes on NACE TM 0177-2005 ballot has been adopted. Quote ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ TM 0177 Ballot - Page 59 – Appendix D Where it say E = measured elastic modulus or default of 2.0 x 10 5 MPa (29,000 ksi) for carbon and low alloy steels. Should be changed as follow: E = measured elastic modulus or default of 2.07 x 10 6 MPa (30,000 ksi) for carbon and low alloy steel ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Unquote TM 0177 Ballot - Page 48 - 11.8 Determination of Ki applied Where it say : E = elastic modulus of DCB material. If a measured elastic modulus is not available, 2.0 x 10 5 MPa shall be used for carbon and low alloy steels; Should be changed as follow: E = elastic modulus of DCB material. If a measured elastic modulus is not available, 2.07 x 10 6 MPa (30,000 ksi) shall be used for carbon and low alloy steels; Update to the RGSSP Summary of activities to date – Young modulus

10 Summary of activities to date – K limit vs. K applied K limit and K applied issues regarding effect of specimen thickness, initial crack length and linear-elastic and elastic-plastic deviation were discussed. Following bullets as a proposal to work has been considered: Definition of the range of arm displacements to be used for K-limit determination. Effect of specimen thickness, initial crack length and other test variables. After discussions on WI meeting at Houston June 3th, Karol Szklarz suggested to use the current experimental program to perform further test by extension of the lift of load and to determine the linear –elastic or elastic- plastic deviation and how much is it, by open the arms after testing. He will prepare the protocol for the CRC experts. Update to the RGSSP


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