2 Vertebral Column Made up of 33 bones Cervical Vertebrae: First 7 Form the neck & support the head.C-1 is called the atlas as it allows the head to nod “yes”.C-2 is called the axis as it allows the head to shake “no”.
3 Thoracic Vertebrae: Second 12 Anchor the ribcageLarger than the cervical vertebraeIncrease in size inferiorly.Lumbar Vertebrae: Third 5Largest set of vertebraeSupport weightAllow attachment of back muscles.
4 Vertebrae Body Vertebral Foramen Pedicle Lamina Spinous Process Superior Articular ProcessTransverse Process
7 SternumManubriumJugular NotchClavicular NotchBodyXiphoid Process
8 Clavicle Makes up the shoulder girdle. Connects the sternum to the scapula.Medial 2/3rd of shaft is convex anteriorlyLateral 1/3rd is flat & concave anteriorly.Helps to form two joints:Sternoclavicular JointAcromioclavicular Joint
16 Ulna Longer of the two forearm bones Has “pipe wrench” appearance; or “U” for “ulna”Olecranon ProcessCoronoid ProcessRadial Notch
17 Hand Phalanges (Proximal, Middle, Distal) Each phalange is a miniature long bone.Wider at the base (proximal end) & smaller at the head (distal end).Thumb has 2 phalanges; all other digits have 3 phalanges.
18 MetacarpalsHeads are the distal ends that articulate with the phalanges (knuckles).Shafts are concave on medial & lateral sides to allow for muscle attachment.
19 “Students Like The Professor To Teach Complex Hypotheses” CarpalsWrist=“Carpus”8 bones arranged in proximal & lateral rows.Proximal Row (Medial Lateral)Scaphoid “Rowboat”, Lunate “Moon”, Triquetrum “3 cornered bone”, Pisiform “Pea”Distal Row (Medial Lateral)Trapezium “Large Table”, Trapezoid “Little Table”, Hamate “Hook”, Capitate “Round Head”“Students Like The Professor To Teach Complex Hypotheses”