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Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons Freshwater Fish.

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Presentation on theme: "Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons Freshwater Fish."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wildlife and Recreation Management Mr. Lemmons Freshwater Fish

2 IDENTIFYING FISH Shape and number of spines Number of type of scales Teeth Eye diameter Internal anatomy Location of specific body parts.

3 Why do fish change color? STRESS!! 1. Being hooked 2. Being removed from water 3. Environmental changes 4. Spawning

4 Dorsal Fin Caudal Fin Anal Fin Pelvic Fin Pectoral Fin Operculum

5 Bluegill

6 1/2 as deep as long under 1” thick blue color on lower portion of both the jaw and operculum Color is NOT a good way to identify Dark round spot on the rear dorsal fin 5-9 dark vertical bands running down their sides. Aka: Bream, Brim, Perch, Sunfish, Sunperch Average size oz State Record 2.02 Lampasas River Bluegill

7 Red Eared Sunfish

8 Produced from a Bluegill and Pumpkinseed crossbreeds. Red Eared Sunfish

9 Crappie

10 Both Black and White (black = 7-8 dorsal spines, white = 6 dorsal spines.) Very thin, perhaps the thinnest of all sunfish 8-10 inches is common WHITE CRAPPIE: Nest Builders Average 3/4 to 1 1/2 lbs. Crappie

11 WHITE CRAPPIE CONT. State Record 4.56 lbs. Navarro Mills Lake Vertical Bars on the side BLACK CRAPPIE North and East Texas Irregular Dark side blotches Average size 3/ /4 lbs. State Record 3.92 lbs- Lake Fork

12 Yellow Perch

13 Golden Yellow Coloration on their sides. (may vary) 6-8 dark vertical bands along their sides have two dorsal fins, membrane between the two is black caudal fin is slightly rounded and forked Yellow Perch

14 Largemouth Bass

15 Upper jaw extends beyond the eye Deep notch in dorsal fin Caudal fin is forked and rounded Brown and gold eyes Dark, irregular horizontal stripe along lateral line Dorsal Fin almost divided Rays in Soft Dorsal Fin (rear section) aka: Black bass, green trout, bigmouth bass, lineside bass 2-6 lbs average State Record lbs. - Lake Fork Largemouth Bass

16 White Bass

17 Originated in Caddo Lake State wide Double dorsal fin aka: Sand bass, barfish, streaker, silver bass 1 to 1 1/2 pounds average State record 5.56 pounds - Colorado river

18 Striped Bass Introduced Largest member of the bass family 2 sharp points on gill cover horizontal stripes State record 53 pounds - Brazos river

19 Yellow Bass Often confused with white bass Lower 2 stripes broken Average size 1/2 pound State record 1.44 pounds – Cedar Creek Lake

20 Smallmouth Bass

21 Upper jaw does not extends beyond the eye Slight notch in dorsal fin Caudal fin is not forked and not rounded Red eye Dark, vertical stripe along sides Large clear water lakes State record 7.93 pounds - Lake Meredith

22 Rock Bass

23 Brown eye Brown coloration, with light vertical stripes along the sides Heavy bodied aka: warmouth, goggle eye Average size 8 oz State Record 1.3 lbs- Town Lake Rock Bass

24 Other Bass Guadalupe Bass Flowing waters aka: Guadalupe spotted bass State record San Marcos River

25 Other Bass Spotted Bass Native to East Texas Confused with Largemouth Kentucky spotted bass, spotted black bass State record 5.62 pounds – Lake Alan Henry Hybrid Striped Bass White Bass X Striped Bass State Record pounds - Lake Ray Hubbard

26 Channel Catfish

27 Scaleless, tough skin 8 barbels Three sharp spines, (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral) Black spots on lower side of body Popular with Trotliners aka: Willow cat, forked-tail cat Deeply forked caudal fin Excellent table quality Average 2-3 lbs. State Record 36.5 lbs - Pedernales River Channel Catfish

28 Flathead Catfish

29 Scaleless, tough skin 8 barbels Three sharp spines, (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral) No spots on lower side of body squared caudal fin aka: Yellow cat, opelousas, mud cat, shovelhead cat flattened head lower lip protrudes past upper lip Flathead Catfish

30 Yellow Bullhead

31 Scaleless, tough skin 8 barbels Sharp spines (1 dorsal, 2 pectoral) Black, Brown or Yellow species Polliwog, chucklehead cat Caudal fin is slightly notched and squared Texas nongame fish Yellow Bullhead

32 Carp Grass and Common

33 Common Carp

34 Rough fish Very scaly Barbels Considered a nuisance to American Anglers, prized in Europe Much like a sucker fish aka: German or European Carp Nongame Fish Common Carp

35 Grass Carp

36 Harmful to Native resources 100% Herbivorous Used for vegetation control Texas Nongame Triploid (sterile) are legal for use in Texas only Must have permit to obtain. Aka: White amur Grass Carp

37 Freshwater Drum Gaspergou, sheepshead Only freshwater member of drum family Forces air into smaller air bladders State record 34.7 pounds - Texoma

38 Gar Alligator Gar Spotted Gar Shortnose Gar Longnose Gar

39 Alligator Gar Others - Spotted, Longnose, Shortnose Air breather - can survive in stagnant water Long, cylindrical body Hard, interlocking scales State record 279 pounds - Rio Grande River

40 Fish need areas of protection Streams and Rivers: Riffles, pockets, pools Overhangs Current breakers Dams, waterfalls

41 LAKES: Depth Changes Weedy Shallows Gravel Bars Channels Road Beds Trees & Obstructions Fish need areas of protection


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