Symbols Key On almost every commercial pattern, there is a key to the symbols that are on your pattern pieces. This should be found either on pattern tissue or on the guide sheet.
Pattern Adjustment Lines
Adjustment lines- lengthening/shortening lines Indicates where pattern can be lengthened or shortened. Shorten or lengthen here
Place On Fold Line
Cutting Lines These are usually a solid black line on the outer edge of the pattern piece. On multi sized patterns there will be more then one cutting line in many areas of the piece.
Multi-sized cutting lines
Notches Notches are used to line up two or more pieces of fabric that you will be joining together. Larger notches always refer to the back side of the garment, which help keep fronts and backs straight in your mind and prevent mistakes.
Notches Garment Cut
Double & Triple Notches Cut them as one long block Garment Cut
Dots – Squares - Triangles They indicate starting and stopping points for stitching, as well as points to match up markings for things like darts. When you are working with multi sized patterns, be sure you transfer the marking for the size you are working with.
Buttonhole Placement Shows exact location and length of each buttonhole Indicated by any of these 4 symbols..
Triangular folds of fabric used to control fullness. Fold on the solid line, stitch on the broken lines. Stitching line Fold line
Hemline #12 Indicates the depth of the hem (how much fabric to turn up for hem) 1 inch hem allowed Fold on inner solid line
Center Front #8 Indicates the center front of garment.
Pocket Placement 2 types of pockets: welt & patch
Pocket Placement Indicates the placement of pockets within the garment
center back Neckline shoulder Arm holes Center back