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CAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTION CAUTION Steps to a Top-Notch Safety Program Presented by: Michael Bell, Vice President Wallace Welch & Willingham.

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Presentation on theme: "CAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTION CAUTION Steps to a Top-Notch Safety Program Presented by: Michael Bell, Vice President Wallace Welch & Willingham."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTION CAUTION Steps to a Top-Notch Safety Program Presented by: Michael Bell, Vice President Wallace Welch & Willingham Inc. 300 First Avenue South – 5 th Floor St. Petersburg, FL (727) , ext. 116

2 CAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTIONCAUTION CAUTION The Steps to Developing and Implementing a Top-Notch Safety Program Using OSHA’s Four-Point Plan

3 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD An Act “Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970” Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America to assure safe and healthful working conditions for men and women. A few shocking statistics 1971 Today 56 Million Workers 105 Million Workers 3.5 Million Workplaces6.9 Million Workplaces 14 Thousand Deaths 5 Thousand Deaths (p.1)

4 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD General Duty Clause Allows OSHA to make up the rules as they go along! Seems Very Simple But Covers Everything! A Catch All… (p.2)

5 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Voluntary Guideline “Good Faith Effort” Employers are responsible for the following steps (p.3)

6 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Guidelines 1.Implement policies, procedures and practices that protect employees from hazards. (p.4)(a)(1)

7 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Guidelines - continued 2.A good program means that you are identifying, evaluating and preventing workplace hazards. (p.4)(a)(2)

8 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Guidelines - continued 3.Program must address all hazards, not just the OSHA standards. (general duty clause) You have to ask yourself the questions… What are my hazards? How can my employees get hurt? (p.4)(a)(3)

9 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Guidelines - continued 4.A booklet is not a safety program… OSHA is more concerned with what you are doing about safety… than what your manual says you are doing! (p.4)(a)(4)

10 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD I.Management Commitment and Employee Involvement Key ingredient to a Safety Program WORKING TOGETHER! (p.4)(b)

11 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD I.Management Commitment and Employee Involvement - continued Safety often stalls in the boardroom because ideas never get handed down or enforced. Management MUST set examples for employees to follow. Managers need to be willing to allow the employee to take the time needed to complete a task the safe way. Safety Committees are required to be a blend of 50% employer and at least 50% employee (p.4)(b)(1)

12 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD II. Worksite Analysis Hazard Identification You have to identify what your hazards are! (p.4)(b)(1)

13 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD II. Worksite Analysis – Hazard Identification continued Two Methods  Internal  Proactive Inspections  Reviewing Loss Runs  JSA’s  Committees  Ask Employees  Walk Through (p.4)(b)(2)

14 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD II.Worksite Analysis – Hazard Identification continued  External  Networking (talk to other safety people)  Get to know the OSHA Regulations (e-tools at OSHA’s website  Check with State Partners (USF Safety)  Magazines  Insurance Carriers  Local Police and Fire Department  Seminars (p.4)(b)(2)

15 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD III. Hazard Prevention and Controls Hazard Abatement We have to either reduce or eliminate hazards through abatement! (p.4)(b)(3)

16 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Hazard Abatement - continued Safety should be involved in purchasing to help control hazards:  Engineering Controls – Machine Guarding  Administration Controls – Training  PPE – Personal Protective Equipment (p.4)(b)(3)

17 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD IV. Safety and Health Training Training  Bring to a personal level! (p.5)(b)(4)

18 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD IV. Safety and Health Training - continued Teach everybody their role in safety.  Start with management and work your way down the ladder. (p.5)(b)(4)

19 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD IV. Safety and Health Training - continued Three Types of Training:  Initial  Refresher  As needed (usually one-on-one in the field) (p.5)(b)(4)

20 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD IV. Safety and Health Training - continued You must be able to prove in writing.  Document! Document! Document! (p.5)(b)(4)

21 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD TEAM WORK!! Encourage Employees Involvement for better participation. Employees are more likely to help administer and police rules that they help to implement. (p.5)(c)(iv)

22 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD How Safe Is Your Workplace? A safety program is a “Living Program” it is not just a book or a piece of paper Conducting Safety and Health Assessments: (p.5)(viii)(A&B) ParameterWalk-ThroughInspectionAudit What FacilityDepartments Safety and Health Program Who Safety Personnel Departmental Personnel Outside personnel When DailyRoutinelyNon-Routinely Why Identify and abate unsafe behaviors and conditions Compliance with safety policies and regulation Effectiveness and comprehensiveness of Safety and Health Program

23 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Job Safety Analysis JSA is an effective method of reviewing the steps of a job to eliminate hazards (p.5)(viii)(c)

24 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Job Safety Analysis Prioritizing the JSA’s in your company Frequency rate of injuries High risk New or changed jobs Jobs that a lot of people do Most jobs can be written up in ten steps. The fewer the better. (p.5)(viii)(c)

25 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Hazard Report Form Employees must believe that management will take them seriously (p.5/6)(iii) Needs to be a comfortable process!

26 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD Hazard Prevention and Control Key Difference Between Unsafe Behavior and Unsafe Conditions Unsafe Conditions Pertains to the workplace conditions Cost more because it requires a change in the workplace conditions Unsafe Behavior Pertains to attitudes, behavior and training issues This can be fixed with little to no out-of-pocket expense (p.6)(3)

27 HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD – HAZARD - HAZARD– HAZARD - HAZARD What does it really take to motivate employees to “Think Safety and Act Safely”? Understanding the Many Reasons Why Unsafe Behavior Occurs Lax safety culture Lack of understanding Environmental conditions Other reasons: Lazy, Macho, Peer Pressure, Competitiveness, Physical Limitations, Day Dreaming, Not Paying Attention, Attitudes, Horseplay, Complacency, Short Cuts, etc.., etc…, etc……. (p.6)(ii)(C)


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