6Step 1: Student Reading Survey Done whole class (BM SS 1-4/pp TG).Takes minutes.Assesses engagement (wide reading and self-assessment & goal-setting)pp TG completed sample
7Step 2: One on One Conference Takes 5 minutes.Student or teacher selects a text to be read (pp TG).Teacher takes an oral reading record (p. 96 TG).
8Step 2: Oral Reading/Fluency Teacher times reading for rate.Teacher notes phrasing & expression as child reads.Teacher determines if text is appropriate by accuracy rate (97% or as indicated on form).
9What happens if the child is below 97%? You will want to use the Bridge (see TE).It covers L , includes some narrative and non-fiction.It gives the teacher the option of having the student write or writing for the student.
10Step 3: Independent Student Work Comprehension Without the text the student makes a written prediction (p. 50 TG).Student reads the remaining text silently.Student may use the text to write responses to questions (summary, literal, interpretation, reflection and metacognitive awareness).Time varies minutes.
11Step 4: Teacher Analysis Rubric: 1, 2, 3 or 4 p. 54 TGDifferent rubric for narr. p. 31 vs. non-fiction p. 33.Examples are provided p TGSection areas are totaled (engagement, oral fluency, and comprehension).
12Step 4: Teacher Analysis Area scores are combined with the text level read to determine overall reading stage p, 26 TG.Complete a focus for instruction sheet for each child p. 34/ pp TG.Create a class profile p. 35 TG.
13School ImplicationsStudent Folders p. 36 TG.Student Graph p. 36 TG.
14So, when do I give the DRA 4-8? Option 1- Over a 3-3 week period during reading workshop or ssr (a few kids at a time).Option 2- Extend reading and writing workshop to a 2-3 hour block (pool books- whole class).Option 3- Get a substitute so you can conduct the assessment p TG.