Step 1: Student Reading Survey Done whole class (BM SS 1-4/pp. 42-46 TG). Takes 10-20 minutes. Assesses engagement (wide reading and self-assessment & goal-setting) pp. 44-45 TG completed sample
Step 2: One on One Conference Takes 5 minutes. Student or teacher selects a text to be read (pp.46-48 TG). Teacher takes an oral reading record (p. 96 TG).
Step 2: Oral Reading/Fluency Teacher times reading for rate. Teacher notes phrasing & expression as child reads. Teacher determines if text is appropriate by accuracy rate (97% or as indicated on form).
What happens if the child is below 97%? 1.You will want to use the Bridge (see TE). 2.It covers L- 20-38, includes some narrative and non-fiction. 3.It gives the teacher the option of having the student write or writing for the student.
Step 3: Independent Student Work Comprehension Without the text the student makes a written prediction (p. 50 TG). Student reads the remaining text silently. Student may use the text to write responses to questions (summary, literal, interpretation, reflection and metacognitive awareness). Time varies 15-40 minutes.
Step 4: Teacher Analysis Rubric: 1, 2, 3 or 4 p. 54 TG Different rubric for narr. p. 31 vs. non-fiction p. 33. Examples are provided p. 61-94 TG Section areas are totaled (engagement, oral fluency, and comprehension).
Step 4: Teacher Analysis Area scores are combined with the text level read to determine overall reading stage p, 26 TG. Complete a focus for instruction sheet for each child p. 34/ pp. 55-56 TG. Create a class profile p. 35 TG.
School Implications Student Folders p. 36 TG. Student Graph p. 36 TG.
So, when do I give the DRA 4-8? Option 1- Over a 3-3 week period during reading workshop or ssr (a few kids at a time). Option 2- Extend reading and writing workshop to a 2-3 hour block (pool books- whole class). Option 3- Get a substitute so you can conduct the assessment p. 39-40 TG.