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Anatomy for Complete and Partial Dentures. Lips Vermilion Border –Denture provides lip support Affects vermilion border width Vermilion Border –Denture.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy for Complete and Partial Dentures. Lips Vermilion Border –Denture provides lip support Affects vermilion border width Vermilion Border –Denture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anatomy for Complete and Partial Dentures

2 Lips Vermilion Border –Denture provides lip support Affects vermilion border width Vermilion Border –Denture provides lip support Affects vermilion border width

3 Lips Philtrum –Depression below nose Philtrum –Depression below nose

4 Lips Nasolabial Angle –Angle between columella of nose & philtrum of lip –Normally, approximately 90° as viewed in profile Nasolabial Angle –Angle between columella of nose & philtrum of lip –Normally, approximately 90° as viewed in profile

5 Lips Tissue of the Upper Lip –Loose tissue of the upper lip can be gathered between your thumb and index finger Tissue of the Upper Lip –Loose tissue of the upper lip can be gathered between your thumb and index finger

6 Cheeks Masseter Muscle –Closing muscle bulges into distal corner of buccal vestibule –Not active during impression making Masseter Muscle –Closing muscle bulges into distal corner of buccal vestibule –Not active during impression making

7 Residual Ridges If ridges are severely resorbed, inform patient –“U”-shape –“V”-shape If ridges are severely resorbed, inform patient –“U”-shape –“V”-shape

8 Vestibules If vestibules are shallow, inform the patient

9 Maxilla Maxillary Tuberosities –Oversized –Resorbed –Undercut Maxillary Tuberosities –Oversized –Resorbed –Undercut

10 Maxilla Maxillary Tuberosities –Oversized –Resorbed –Undercut Maxillary Tuberosities –Oversized –Resorbed –Undercut

11 Maxilla Incisive Papilla –Landmark for setting of teeth Incisive Papilla –Landmark for setting of teeth

12 Maxilla “Hamular” Notch –Posterior border denture Between the bony tuberosity and hamulus “Soft displaceable tissue”, for comfort and retention “Hamular” Notch –Posterior border denture Between the bony tuberosity and hamulus “Soft displaceable tissue”, for comfort and retention

13 Maxilla “Hamular” Notch –Posterior border denture Sometimes posterior to where the depression in the soft tissue appears Use the head of your mirror to palpate the notch & mark with an indelible marker “Hamular” Notch –Posterior border denture Sometimes posterior to where the depression in the soft tissue appears Use the head of your mirror to palpate the notch & mark with an indelible marker

14 Maxilla Soft Palate –Vibrating Line Critical posterior border dentures Junction of movable and immovable portions of the soft palate Soft Palate –Vibrating Line Critical posterior border dentures Junction of movable and immovable portions of the soft palate

15 Maxilla Glandular Tissue –Soft displaceable Glandular Tissue –Soft displaceable

16 Maxilla Soft Palate –Fovea Palatine Bilateral indentations near midline of the soft palate Close to the vibrating line Soft Palate –Fovea Palatine Bilateral indentations near midline of the soft palate Close to the vibrating line

17 Maxilla Hard Palate –Median Palatine Raphe (midline palatine suture) A bony midline structure May require relief when covered by a denture Hard Palate –Median Palatine Raphe (midline palatine suture) A bony midline structure May require relief when covered by a denture

18 Maxilla Torus Palatinus –May require removal Torus Palatinus –May require removal

19 Mandible Pear Shaped Pad –Soft pad containing glandular tissue –Inverted pear shape, posterior border –Created from scarring after extractions Pear Shaped Pad –Soft pad containing glandular tissue –Inverted pear shape, posterior border –Created from scarring after extractions

20 Mandible Buccal Shelf –Primary denture bearing area of mandibular denture –Between height of bridge & external oblique ridge –Resorbs more slowly Buccal Shelf –Primary denture bearing area of mandibular denture –Between height of bridge & external oblique ridge –Resorbs more slowly

21 Mandible Anterior Border of the Ramus –Do not extend dentures to ramus –Discomfort will result Anterior Border of the Ramus –Do not extend dentures to ramus –Discomfort will result

22 Mandible External Oblique Ridge –Do not extend dentures to this ridge External Oblique Ridge –Do not extend dentures to this ridge

23 Mandible Mylohyoid Ridge –Origin of mylohyoid muscle which influences length of lingual flange –Can be prominent, and/or sharp, requiring relief Mylohyoid Ridge –Origin of mylohyoid muscle which influences length of lingual flange –Can be prominent, and/or sharp, requiring relief

24 Mandible Mylohyoid Ridge

25 Mandible Lingual Tori –Raised bony structures –May require relief when covered by a denture –Thin mucosa can ulcerate easily Lingual Tori –Raised bony structures –May require relief when covered by a denture –Thin mucosa can ulcerate easily

26 Mandible Genial Tubercles –Attachment for the genioglossus muscle –Tubercles may be higher than the ridge with severe resorption Genial Tubercles –Attachment for the genioglossus muscle –Tubercles may be higher than the ridge with severe resorption

27 Frena (singular = frenum) Must be relieved to allow movement, without impingement If prominent, adequate relief can weaken a denture If too much relief, retention is lost Check prominence intraorally Must be relieved to allow movement, without impingement If prominent, adequate relief can weaken a denture If too much relief, retention is lost Check prominence intraorally

28 Pterygo-Mandibular Raphe Connects from the hamulus to the mylohyoid ridge When prominent, can cause pain, or loosening Requires relief “groove ” if prominent Connects from the hamulus to the mylohyoid ridge When prominent, can cause pain, or loosening Requires relief “groove ” if prominent

29 Retrozygomal Fossae (Space) Palpate zygomatic process in buccal vestibule just buccal to first maxillary molar Vestibular space posterior to zygoma Palpate zygomatic process in buccal vestibule just buccal to first maxillary molar Vestibular space posterior to zygoma

30 Retrozygomal Fossae (Space) Commonly incompletely captured in preliminary impressions Use syringe technique Commonly incompletely captured in preliminary impressions Use syringe technique

31 Coronoid Process Place mirror head lateral to tuberosity Move mandible to opposite side Note binding or pain This gives some indication of the width of the space for flange Place mirror head lateral to tuberosity Move mandible to opposite side Note binding or pain This gives some indication of the width of the space for flange


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