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Eric Unit 4 Waiting for a call.  Wishes  A wish is a longing or desire for something, often something that is difficult to obtain or achieve. When used.

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Presentation on theme: "Eric Unit 4 Waiting for a call.  Wishes  A wish is a longing or desire for something, often something that is difficult to obtain or achieve. When used."— Presentation transcript:

1 Eric Unit 4 Waiting for a call

2  Wishes  A wish is a longing or desire for something, often something that is difficult to obtain or achieve. When used as a verb, wish is usually followed by a that-clause. For example, you do not say "I wish I live nearer London". You say "I wish I lived nearer London". However, you can use hope in this way as "I hope you like this village". What's more, wish can be used with a to-infinitive or two objects. For instance, you can say "I don't wish to waste our time" or "I wish you a pleasant journey".

3  Regrets  Regret is used to say that someone feels sadness or disappointment about something that has happened, or about something they had done. More formal than "be sorry", regret is not normally used in conversation but in formal letters and announcement to make apology. When giving others some bad news, you can begin by saying "I'm sorry to tell you...". In a formal letter, you say "I regret to tell you...".

4 Useful Expressions  You may express wishes like this: I want to be an actress. I hope you like this village. I hope / wish to see you again. I wish I were younger. What if you could ski? If only I could stay for another day. Best wishes for your holiday. Have a good time on the sea.

5  Please give my best wishes to Sally. Please remember me to your wife. Say hello to Joe. Please give my love / kindest regards to your grandpa. Best of luck with your driving test. I wish you every possible happiness. May I wish you luck in writing your book. Keep your fingers crossed and hope it doesn't rain tonight.

6  You may express wishes and regrets like this: I should have visited the Great Wall when in Beijing. I do wish that I'd waited at the second crossing.  I immediately regretted my decision. I'm sorry about last night. I regretted not leaving the key to my friend. I'm sorry to tell you this, but you fail to enter the second round.

7  Conversation  A: Sam  B: Jane

8  Useful Expressions  ring sb. up: make a phone call to sb. Mary didn't ring me up last night.  Cf. ring up ring call phone Ring: When you ring someone, you dial their phone number and speak to them by phone. You can say that someone rings a place. I rang Aunt Jane this evening. You must ring the hospital at once. Ring up: In conversation, people often use ring up, instead of ring. There is no difference in meaning. He had rung up Emily and told her all about it.

9  Call: American speakers do not say that one person rings another. The word they use is a call. Some British speakers also say call. Phone: When you phone someone, you dial their phone number and speak to them by phone. You can also phone a place.  I went back to the motel to phone Jenny. He phoned the police station and speak to the officer in charge.

10  Listening

11 Proverb  One can not love and be wise.

12  Love is blind.  Love me, love my dog.  Love means never saying you are sorry.  Married people are happier than unmarried people.  Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.  Absence makes the heart grow fonder.  Love and lordship never like fellowship.  All is fair in war and love.

13  Text Waiting for a call  How would you feel if you fail to get a promised call from your friends?

14 Main Idea  This text is written in a style called "stream of consciousness", or "interior monologue", in which a character's inner thoughts, impressions, and memories are dictated as if directly overheard without the obvious interruption of a summarizing and selecting narrator. Such a style emphasizes the unbroken record or continuous flow of a character's sense- perceptions, thoughts, feeling and memories by abandoning strict logic, syntax and punctuation.interior monologue

15  In this text, the girl's thoughts and feelings are expressed exactly as they pass through her mind rather than being ordered in a way that usually appears in novels. The first-person narrator "I" not only presents the girl's tension and emotion in a vivid, realistic way but also encourages the readers to share the girl's worry and concern. The use of short, choppy sentences also contributes to describing the girl's restlessness.

16 Para 1  1. I won't ask anything else of you, truly I won't. ask: v. 1) to call for an answer to or about 2) to try to obtain from someone 3) to invite Note that ask can take different structures. eg. He started asking questions. (V + O) I asked him what he wanted. (V + O + quotation) She asked him his name. (V + O + O) The boss asked them to come in. (V + O + to-infinitive) The man wanted to ask her out. (V + O + adv.) No questions were asked of me. (V + O + prep. + O)

17 Para 2  1. Maybe if I counted … ring by that time. count: v. 1) to find number of (things, etc.) esp. by assigning successive numerals 2) to include or be included in consideration 3) to regard or consider 4)to have certain value eg. Release your hands when I count to ten. Don't count your chicken before they are hatched. We count it an honour to have dinner with you. I felt that all my years there counted for nothing.

18  by: prep. 1) according to, using as standard or unit 2) with succession of 3) to the extent of eg. Tommy ate cookies by the dozen. Their wages had gone down by a third in the past two years. The bullet missed his head by a hair's breadth.

19 Para 3  He couldn't have minded my calling him up. mind: v. 1) to object to (usu. with negative or interrogative) 2) to remember and take care eg. Do you mind if I smoke here? Mind your p's and q's when you get there. Mind you finish in time. [Idioms] be in two minds: to be undecided change one's mind: to discard one's opinion etc. in favor of another have a mind of one's own: to be independent in thought have in mind: to think of in one's mind's eye: in one's imagination keep in mind: to remember lift / take something off one's mind: to be relieved speak one's mind: to tell the truth

20 Para 4  I must stop this. …. That isn't so terrible, is it? Why, it's going on all over the world, right this minute. Oh, what do I care what's going on all over the world? Why can't that telephone ring? Why can't it, why can't it? Couldn't you ring? Ah, please, couldn't you? You damned, ugly, shiny thing. It would hurt you to ring, wouldn't it? Oh, that would hurt you. … Damn you to hell.

21 Para 4  Damn you to hell. damn: vt. curse (person or thing); doom to hell; condemn damnation: n. Note that damn, damn it and damned are swear words which people sometimes use to express anger or annoyance. eg. The book was damned by the critics. His soul is damned. He'll damn you. damn n. uttered curse; negligible amount eg. His speech is full of "damns". I don't care a damn what you do.

22  filthy: a. filth n. 1) extremely or disgustingly dirty 2) obscene 3) (colloq.) (of weather) very unpleasant eg.  Take off that filthy coat; it needs washing. Nowadays internet is filled with dirty sites which provides filthy contents.

23  smash v. n. 1) to break up into pieces 2) to bring or come to sudden or complete destruction or defeat or disaster 3) to break in with crushing blow 4) to hit with great force(esp. downwards) eg. The boy smashed the vase with a hammer. The car was badly smashed in that accident. Their main force was to smash a whole in the West Front. He angrily smashed out a cigar in the ashtray.  smug a. self-satisfied; tidy eg. A smug smile was on his face. You've got nothing to smug about. You look smug, man.

24 Para 6  1. Couldn't you please relent? Couldn't you? I don't even ask you to let him telephone me this minute, God only let him do it in a little while. relent: vi. 1) to become less severe 2) to slow down eg. He relented at the sight of her grief. Evening was evidently approaching, but the sun didn't relent. The police will not relent in their fight against crime.

25  while 1) n.space of time, time spent in some action 2) vt. to pass (time etc.) away in leisurely or interesting time eg. Where have you gone? We've been waiting quite a while. He prefers to while away his weekend chatting with friends. [idioms] between whiles: in the intervals for a while: for some time in a while: soon worth one's while: worth the time and effort spent while the time away: to pass the time leisurely

26  2. Oh, please, dear God, dear kind God, my blessed Father in Heaven, let him call before then.  blessed: a. holy; happy bless: v. 1) ask for God's favor and protection for sb. / sth. 2) holify eg. She often brings baskets of food to the church to be blessed. [idioms] be blessed with (a good quality or skill) 有幸得到(好 的特点或技术) bless me: (int.) God bless me (my life,my soul, etc.) (God) bless you

27 Word study  not...until: not happen before that time and happen after it eg. They didn't find her until the next day.  could have minded doing something: is possible that someone minded doing sth. 可能某人计较过 could not have minded doing something: is impossible that someone minded doing sth 某人不大可能会计 较 eg. He could have minded my borrowing money from his sister. He couldn't have minded my using his computer.

28  hurt: v. cause (mental or physical) pain to; suffer pain eg. Her words hurt me like a stab. My arm hurts.  smash: v. break into pieces; destroy; break in with crushing blow; hit with great force eg. I nearly smashed the TV set. A plate dropped from his fingers and smashed on the kitchen floor. The police smashed their way into eleven homes. The sea smashed the boat against the rock.

29  1.  a. The little boy won't go to bed alone until his mother comes back home.  b. I won't give him the check until he puts all the products into my warehouse.  c. The teacher won't let the student leave the classroom until he corrects all the mistakes on the examination paper.

30  2.  a. He couldn't have minded my asking him one or two personal questions.  b. She couldn't have minded your comment on her personality because she was deaf.  c. His friends couldn't have minded Beethoven's rude behaviour since they knew how painful he was when he found himself deaf.

31  3.  a. I don't think it would hurt you to try on this thick coat.  b. Wouldn't it hurt you to jump a little higher?  c. It won't hurt you to jump into the swimming pool.

32  4.  a. I tried to use long knife to cut the watermelon into pieces instead of smashing it with my hands.  b. He was so furious that he smashed the vase against the wall.  c. Some naughty kids in my neighbourhood smashed the bottles into pieces on the wall of my house.

33  A Young Man’s Promise  One day a young man was writing a letter to his girl friend who lived just a few miles away in a nearby town. He was telling her how much he loved her and how wonderful he thought she was. The more he wrote, the more poetic he became. Finally, he said that in order to be with her he would suffer the greatest difficulties, he would face the greatest dangers that anyone could imagine. In fact, to spend only one minute with her, he would swim across the widest river, he would enter the deepest forest, and he would fight against the fiercest animals with his bare hands. He finished the letter, signed his name, and then suddenly remembered that he had forgotten to mention something quite important. So, in a postscript below his name, he added: “By the way, I’ll be over to see you on Wednesday night, if it doesn’t rain.”

34 Dictation  A woman is waiting ___ at home, wondering if the man she loves will ___ her. She has been ___ a long time. She doesn't ___ because she doesn't like to ___ his work. She ___ what she will say when he ___ rings, and decides to be ___ to him because she was ___ to him at first. As time ___, she gets ___ impatient, until, by the end of the ___, she is ___ to wait any ___ and starts to ___ the number.

35 Translation  1. I'll do it in my own way if you don't mind.  2. John couldn't have been in the classroom. We were there just a few minutes ago.  3. Such rude behaviour cannot be excused.  4. My salary went up by half when I changed companies.  5. The workers smashed the bottles with the hammer.  6. I don't think it hurts (anybody) to get up earlier.  7. You are asking too much of me.  8. I keep making the same mistake. It's really annoying.

36 I can't wait any longer.  Girl: Could I speak to Mr. Walt Krup please? WK: Speaking. Girl: Oh, er... it's Dorris here... WK: Hi, Dorris, what's up? Girl: Mm..., nothing special. You've promised to call me at five, haven't you? WK: I'm so terribly sorry, I almost forgot it. Please forgive me. Girl: That's all right. I've been waiting for your phone call in the last two hours. Is there anything wrong? WK: No. My memory is wrong. Do forgive my carelessness, darling. Can we have dinner together tomorrow? Girl: Sure I can. WK: Then I'll pick you up at six thirty at the gate of your house. Girl: OK. That's a deal. See you tomorrow. WK: See you..

37  1. Most experienced lovers would agree with Shakespeare's opinion that love is blind. Overpowered by hat passion, lovers usually go to extremes. Whatever they do, right or wrong by common sense, they could always resort to one justification---devotion to or love for the other. Armed by this, they turn from persistent to stubborn, from stubborn to obstinate. Then a squabble may escalate into a stormy fight, then they hurt each other. Luckily, one party would stoop and say sorry first, the other would accept the surrendering signal like a conqueror and finally they make up. At this time, their friends may throw in a comment with a shrug, "why, love is blind".

38  2. It is doubtful that loving brings more pleasure than being loved. To love somebody is certainly intoxicating; however delayed or no response may transform sweetness into bitterness. Being loved by someone you don't love is next to eating a fat fly. To love is to expect. But such expectation should not last too long, other wise it will become a disappointment or even disgrace. In mutual and successful love, loving is as important as being loved.

39  3. It takes a long story to defend wild's opinion; it also takes quite an experience to challenge it. If we say all love stories follow the same pattern---deceiving oneself in the beginning and deceiving others in the end, that'll be absurd. But there is grain of truth in such an opinion. Love between different sexes, on the whole, originates from a biological behaviour, which is usually selfish. So, deceit is unavoidable in love.

40  The Main People at the Wedding

41  There are special names for some of the people in the wedding ceremony. The woman who is getting married is called the bride and the man is called the bridegroom or groom. The man has a male friend with him called the best man and the bride has some female friends called bridesmaids. It is traditional for the bride to wear a long white dress and a white veil and to carry flowers in a bouquet. She is also supposed to wear "something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue "because this will bring her luck. The groom wears a suit or sometimes a tuxedo (in the US) or morning suit (in Britain). Everyone else wear their best clothes and the women often buy hats specially.the best manbridesmaidsbouquettuxedo

42  wedding ceremony 结婚 典礼 wedding reception 婚宴 register office 结婚登记 处 trousseau 嫁妆 usher 引宾员 vows 婚誓 say one's vows 立下婚 誓 wedding day 举行婚礼 的日子 wedding anniversary 结 婚周年纪念日 bride 新娘 bridegroom or groom 新 郎  officiator 主婚人 pastor 牧师 groomsman 伴郎 bridesmaid 伴娘 honeymoon 蜜月 wedding dress 婚纱、结婚 礼服 wed in a civil ceremony 登 记结婚 marriage certificate 结婚证 guest 来宾 marriage after divorce 再 婚 wedding march 婚礼进行 曲 mixed marriage 涉外婚姻; 跨国婚姻

43  THE VOWS We are gathered here this ____ to unite this man ____ and this woman _____ in the bonds of holy matrimony which is an honorable estate. Into this, these two now come to be joined. If anyone present can show just and legal cause why they may not be joined, let them speak now or forever hold their peace. Who gives this woman to this man? ________

44  (MAN)_______, will you have this woman as your lawful wedded wife, to live together in the estate of matrimony? Will you love her, honor her, comfort her, and keep her in sickness and in health; forsaking all others, be true to her as long as you both shall live? (I will). (WOMAN)_______, will you have this man as your lawful wedded husband, to live together in the estate of matrimony? Will you love him, honor him, comfort him, and keep him in sickness and in health; forsaking all others, be true to him as long as you both shall live? (I will).

45  THE RING BEHOLD the symbol of wedlock. The perfect circle of love, the unbroken union of this man and this woman united here today. May you both remain faithful to this symbol of true love. Please join hands and repeat after me (man first, while placing ring on proper fingers). I,_______, take _____ as my wedded wife, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better or for worse, for richer or for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, till death do us part. I,_______, take _____ as my wedded husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for better or for worse, for richer or for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, till death do us part.

46  For as much as ______ and ______ have consented together in wedlock, and have witnessed the same before this company of friends and family, and have given and pledged their promises to each other, and have declared the same by giving and receiving a ring, and by joining hands.  By the authority vested in me by the State of New Hampshire,  I pronounce this couple to be husband and wife.

47 Eric


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