Presentation on theme: "An Integrated English Course Book 2 Unit Two Learning Objectives By the end of this unit, you are supposed to grasp the author’s purpose of writing and."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Objectives By the end of this unit, you are supposed to grasp the author’s purpose of writing and make clear the structure of the whole passage appreciate the fluid and sensual writing style and master the key language points and grammatical structures know how to build a good relationship between teachers and students
Teaching Procedure Pre-reading Questions Text I. The Teddy Stoddard Story ● Passage ● Structure analysis ● Main idea of the passage ● Language points ● sentence studies ● vocabulary studies Text II. The Forbidden Fruits
Pre-reading 1. Based on the title, guess what the text is about.
Text I. The Teddy Stoddard Story The Teddy Stoddard Story Jean Tompson stood in front of her fifth-grade class on the very first day of school in the fall and told the children a lie. Like most teachers, she looked at her pupils and said that she loved them all the same, that she would treat them all alike. And that was impossible because there in front her, slumped in his seat on the third row, was a little boy named Teddy Stoddard.alikeslumped Mrs. Tompson had watched Teddy Stoddard the year before and noticed he didn’t play well with the other children, that his clothes were unkempt and that he constantly needed a bath. And Teddy was unpleasant. unkemptconstantly It got to the point during the first few months It got to the point during the first few months that she would actually take delight in making his papers with a broad red pen, making bold X’s and then marking the F at the top of the paper biggest of all.she would actually take delight in making his papers with a broad red pen, making bold X’s and then marking the F at the top of the paper biggest of all Because Teddy was a sullen little boy, no one else seemed to enjoy him, either.sullen At the school where Mrs. Thompson taught, she was required to review each child’s records and put Teddy’s off until last. When she opened his file, she was in for a surprise. His first-grade teacher wrote, “Teddyreview
is a bright, inquisitive child with a ready laugh. He does his wotk neatly and has good manners… he is a joy to be around.”inquisitive His second-grade teacher wrote,”Teddy continues to work hard but his mother’s death has been hard on him. He tries to do his best but his father does’t show much interest and his home life will soon affect him if some steps aren’t taken.” Teddy’s fourth-grade teacher wrote, “Teddy is withdrawn and doesn’t show much interest in school. He doesn’t have many friends and sometimes sleeps in class. He is tardy and could become a problem.”tardy By now Mrs. Thompson realized the problem but Christmas was coming fast. It was all she could do, with the school play and all until the day before the holidays began and she was suddenly forced to focus on Teddy Stoddard. Her children brought her p[resents, all in beautiful ribbon and bright paper, except for Teddy’s, which was clumsily wrapped in the heavy, brown paper of a scissored grocery bag. Mrs. Thompson took pains to open it in the middle of the other presents. Some of the children started to laugh when she found a rhinestone bracelet with some of the stones missing, and a bottle that was one-quarter full of cologne.rhinestone braceletcologne.
She stifled the children’s laughter when she exclaimed how pretty the bracelet was, putting it on, and dabbing some of the perfume behind the other wrist. Teddy Stoddard stayed behind just long enough to say,” Mrs Thompson, today you smelled just like my mom used to.”stifledexclaimeddabbing After the children left, she cried for at least an hour. On that very day, she quit teaching reading, writing and speaking. Instead she began to teach children. Jean Thompson paid particular attention to one they all called “Teddy”. As she worked with him, his mind seemed to come alive. The more she encouraged him, the faster he responded. On days there would be an important test, Mrs. Thompson would remember that cologne. By the end of the year he had become one of the smartest children in the class and … well, he had also become the ”pet” of the teacher who had once vowed to love all of her children exactly the same. A year later she found a note under her door, from Teddy, telling her that of all the teachers he’s had in elementary school, she was his favorite. Six years went by before she got another note from Teddy. He then wrote that he had finished high school, third in his class. And she was still his favorite teacher of all time.
Four years after that, she for another letter, saying that while things had been tough at times, he’s stayed in school, had stuck with it, and would graduate from college with highest of honorsFour years after that, she for another letter, saying that while things had been tough at times, he’s stayed in school, had stuck with it, and would graduate from college with highest of honors. He assured Mrs. Thompson she was still his favorite teacher.assured Then six more years passed and yet another letter came. This time he explained that after he got his bachelor’s degree, he decided to go a little further. The letter explained that she was still his favorite teacher but that now his name was a little longer. The letter was signed, Theodore F. Stoddard, M.D.bachelor’s degreeM.D The story doesn’t end there. You see, there was yet another letter that Spring. Teddy said he’d met his girl and was to be married. He explained that his father had died a couple of years ago and he was wondering… well, if Mrs. Thompson might agree to sit in the pew usually reserved for the mother of the groom.pewgroom And guess what, she wore that bracelet, the one with several rhinestones missing. And I bet on that special day, Jean Thompson smelled just like … well, just like the way Teddy remembered his mother smelling on their last Christmas together. 886 words
Structural analysis The passage can be divided into five parts. Part One: (Paragraphs 1-5) The first three paragraphs describe Mrs. Thompson’s initial unpleasant impression about Teddy.
Part Two: (Paragraphs 6-8) These paragraphs tell the readers what Mrs. Thompson learned from Teddy’s records. Part Three: (Para. 9-12): Here we come to the most important part of the story, because what happened before Christmas prompted Mrs. Thompson to do something for Teddy.
Part Four: (Para.13-14): These two paragraphs describe the changes in both Mrs. Thompson and Teddy after Christmas. Part five: (Para. 15-20): This part presents the five successive notes by Teddy at important stages of his study.
Language points Lack of: 1) absence or less than enough of E.g. The building was never finished because of lack of money. E.g. At a height of 25,000 feet, the lack of oxygen causes dizziness and headaches.2) lack v. E.g. He lacks common sense.
Venture n. an activity or undertaking involving risk or uncertainty E.g. The two companies have embarked on a joint venture to produce cars in America. Tell a lie: To deliberately say something that is wrong Whenever she told a lie, she felt guilty afterwards.
Take delight in To get great pleasure from (doing something) I took great delight in watching him making a fool of himself.be required to Be required to To be demanded/ have to do something All the students are required to attend the lecture. Requirement n. The applicants should fulfill the requirements in this brochure before their applications can be considered.
Put off To move to a later date; to delay E.g. The football match should be put off until next weekend because of the rain. Be in for To be about to have something unpleasant E.g. We are in for some trouble if we don’t finish it quickly. E.g. It is pretty stormy! I think we are in for a rough flight.
Inquisitive a. always wanting to find out the details about things and people E.g. Journalists have to be inquisitive, fearless and determined. Affect v. To influence E.g. Scientists are investigating the ways in which the oceans affect the climate.
Withdraw v. To cause not to take part in E.g. I withdrew from the contest two days before it took place because I was too nervous. Take steps to take action, to do what is necessary E.g. Managers must take steps to ensure that everyone understands the new regulations. E.g. Steps should be taken to prevent such things from taking place again.
Focus on To direct one’s attention to; to concentrate on E.g. The conference will focus on second language acquisition. Take pains to make a great effort or take great care E.g. Mary took great pains with her English lesson and got high marks. Pains (pl.): great care or effort E.g. No pains, no gains.
Stifle v. To prevent from happening E.g. The girls at the back of the class stifled giggles throughout the lesson. Exclaim v. To cry out or speak suddenly and loudly E.g. She exclaimed in delight when she saw the present.
Quit v. To stop E.g. I’d quit smoking because of my cough. Vow v. To promise solemnly He vowed to look after their daughter well after their marriage.
While conj. Although E.g. While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them. Assure v. To declare positively, to tell someone that something is definitely true E.g. He assured me that he had finished. E.g. I can assure you of the reliability of the news.
Wonder v. 1)used to introduce a request E.g. I wondered whether you would be so kind as to send me an application form. 2) think about or ask oneself about something E.g. he wondered whether he would be able to find the hotel again. Bet v. To state confidently E.g. I bet they were surprised by the news.
Text II. My New Mum Is … My Dad Barbara Mckenna Six-year-old John Lotus know that hijakers flew planes into the world trade center on September 11, but he isn’t haunted by graphic images, as so many other young children are. That’s because his parents ban TV from their Oak Park, Ill., home. “every kid in my son’t first-grade class could talk about nothing but people jumping off the skyscrapers,” says his mother, Jean. “My son didn’t see that, and I’m glad.” while the typical 2- to 11-year-old child is watching TV for three hours and 14 minutes a day, John and his three siblings are playing outdoors, practicing the piano and building with blocks. “there are viewers and doers,” says Jean Lotus.world trade center on September 11Ill The rules in the Lotus house may seem extreme, but they’re not unique. More and more parents are listening to research on the long-term benefits of setting strict limits on pastimes that can be bad for kids, such as watching TV or eating junk food. But when do bans on popular activities do more harm than good? Some parents worry that their children will be outcasts if they havent’ watched the latest “South Park”. Others say that kids who grow up in a candy-free house will just scarf Snickers bars at the neighbors’. Then there’s the always tricky their children will be outcasts
etiquette of trying to respect another family’s rules on a play date. Negotiating this minefield isn’t easy, psychologists say. The answers depend on the age of the child and the community environment. Negotiating this minefield isn’t easy If rules are too strict---- in opposition to everyone else on the block---- kids may indeed become pariahs. “when it’s a norm, they’re risking social isolation from their peers,” warns Barbara Howard, a professor of developmental-behavioral pediatrics at Johns Hopkins. And that increases the risk that they’ll grow up defiant, she says. “they’re more likely to do things like sneak, steal, lie to you about it.” that can mean anything from putting on makeup in the girls’ room at school to spending lunch money on candy bars. Howard’s advice: don’t ban anything. “pick one that you think is really important,” she says.when it’s a norm On play dates, parents should try to respect the rules of other families. “if you’re familiar with the parents’’ stated limitations about the child, it could be considered malicious mischief to fly in the face of what you know they have implicitly asked you to honor, ” says child psychologist Elizebeth Berger, author of Raising Children with Character. On the other hand, it’s not reasonable to expect one family to completely overhaul its normal rules in order to accommodateif you’re familiar with the parents’’ stated limitations about the child, it could be considered malicious mischief to fly in the face of what you know they have implicitly asked you to honor
someone else’s. “I don’t se it my job as a parent to be the ban police,” says Berger. “There is common sense on both ends of the extreme here.” she remembers a girl who hung out in the doorway while Berger’s kids were watching The Simpsons and asked them to turn off the TV because her parents forbade the show. “it was up to this young lady to monitor for herself,” Berger says.The Simpsons Television is a major battleground. Research shows children glued to the set for more than 10 hours each week are more likely to be overweight, aggressive and slower to learn in school. For that reason, the American Academy of Pediatrics discourages “screen time” for the children under 2 and says parents should limit exposure to video games, computers and TV to a maximum two hours a day for older kids. Interacting with people rather than listening to TV characters helps children learn language, and become creative, independent learners, says pediatrician Miriam Bar-on, who chairs the academy’s committee on public education. To help kids develop their own internal limits on TV, offer healthy alternatives. Alison Smith, 14, and her sister, Stacis, 13, are usually too busy attending ballet lessons in Alison Viejo, Calif, to turn on the tube. “They don’t have time, which is good,” says their mother, Lynn.
Junk food is another problem area. Many parents mistakenly place excessive limits on food intake because they’re worried their children will get fat. But cutting out cookies can make a child yearn for them. “If parents are really too controlling, they don’t give children opportunities to develop self-regulation,” says psychologist Lean Birch, a professor of human development at Penn State. That’s not to say parents should stock their cupboards with M & M’s. Rather, Birch suggests they keep a “healthy array” of food in the house, serve appropriate portions and discourage nonstop snacking. Parents should also act as role models. Birch’s research shows that girls show signs of food intake problems even at the age of 5 if their mothers severely restrict them --- or set a poor example by constantly dieting. The goal should be to teach self-control. Many parents think kids who can curb their desire for candy may be better able to make decisions later on about alcohol, drug and money. When setting on anything, experts say, it’s always important to take a positive approach. Otherwise, kids may see bans as punishment. When Tina Palmer’s daughter Elena, 6, asks why she and her 4-year-old brother, John, don’t have Barbies, games or soda pop like other kids, Palmer who lives in Wilmette, Ill., explains her reasoning and adds, “The most precious things I have in the world are you and John. Things that are precious you treat with care.” Elena likes that answer. Barbies 943 words
Main idea of Text 2 This article is taken from Newsweek, December 3, 2001. It is an report about the effect of TV and junk food on children. Parents worry a lot the harmful effect on their children and junk food is another problem area. The author points out that to take a positive approach is very important when setting limits on anything to children.
Topic for discussion: 1. Do you think children in China are now watching too much TV? And why? Yes, I do agree that children in our country are spending to much time on TV. After school when they finish their homework they will just sit before TV to spend their time. Perhaps it is because they have got any companions to play together.
Words and Expressions Venture n. an activity or undertaking involving risk or uncertainty Alike adv. In the same manner, equally Slump v. to sink down Unkempt a. messy, having untidy clothes and hair Constantly adv. All the time, or very often Broad a. wide Sullen a. silently showing lack of cheerfulness Review v. to consider and judge carefully Inquisitive a. always waiting to find out the details about things and people Tardy a. slow in action Rhinestone n. 莱茵（水晶）石
Bracelet n. a band worn round the wrist asa decoration Cologne n. 科隆（古龙）香水 Stifle v. to prevent from happening Exclaim v. to cry out or speak suddenly and loudly Dab v. to cover with light quick stroke Assure v. to declare positively, to tell someone that something is definitely true Bachelor’s degree: an undergraduate university degree Pew n. (in a church) one of a number of benches arranged in rows Groom n. a newly married man or one about to be married
The Teddy Stoddard Story: The title means it is a story about Teddy Stoddard. A more common structure is “the story of Teddy Stoddard”. Compare it with “Teddy Stoddard’s story”, which means the story told by Teddy Stoddard. It got to the point during the first few months…The phrase “to the point ” means to the extent that, or up to the time when something develops or is achieved. Her it means her dislike for Teddy had developed to such an extent during the first few months. …she would actually take delight in making his papers with a broad red pen, making bold X’s and then marking the F at the top of the paper biggest of all. X’s in the sentence is the plural of “X” (cross), which teachers use to indicate the errors in students’ exercises or examinations. “F” here means ‘failure’. Four years after that, she for another letter, saying that … with highest of honors.There are three levels of honors conferred on graduates in American universities, namely, summa cum laude, magna laude, and cum laude. Sometimes they are simply called” Highest Honor, High Honor, and Honor. M.D. Doctor of Medicine Back to the text
World Trade Center on September 11: The World Trade Center stood more than 410 meters above New York City’s financial center. The two towers of the Center were the tallest buildings in the city. Then on the morning of September 11, 2001, two hijacked airplanes struck the buildings. Ill. An abbreviation o Illinois. …their children will be outcasts: their children will not be accepted by society. Negotiating this minefield isn’t easy… Finding a safe solution to this touchy problem is rather difficult. Notice that the sentence literally means. “Moving through this dangerous area in a safe way is not easy.” When it’s a norm… When it becomes a standard of behavior.
If you’re familiar with the parents’’ stated limitations about the child, it could be considered malicious mischief to fly in the face of what you know they have implicitly asked you to honor…If you know clearly what other parents do not allow their children to do, it could be considered very improper if you still refused to allow your children to do what you are implicitly asked to let them do. Notice that the sentence originally means: if you what other parents do not allow their children to do; therefore it would be a malicious violation of the morn if you still refused to honor your children’s “rights”. The Simpsons an American TV series created by Matt Groening in 1989. Barbies 巴比娃娃 the idea of Barbies started in 1959 when Ruth Handler, Barbie’s creator, noticed her daughter Barbara playing with paper dolls and imagining them in grown-up roles such college students, cheerleaders and adults with careers. Barbie doll is tall, slim and beautiful. She has a smile that never ceases and a body that never ages. She has a wardrobe that every woman dreams of having. She comes in rectangular, bright pink boxes that are stacked to the ceiling at the toy section of any department store in the US.