Presentation on theme: "Animal Science Level 1. Intro Video Unit Essential Question ◦ What are common characteristics of bird care? Lesson Questions: ◦ How could bird behavior."— Presentation transcript:
Animal Science Level 1
Unit Essential Question ◦ What are common characteristics of bird care? Lesson Questions: ◦ How could bird behavior influence bird ownership? ◦ What are common rules of thumb for all bird care? ◦ What is the best way to prevent parrot disease? ◦ How have birds evolved for flight? Concepts ◦ Types of Birds ◦ Common Disease ◦ Basic Car ◦ Anatomy Vocabulary: Fill out daily
Where would you find these birds?
How could bird behavior influence ownership?
Identify common pet store birds Define characteristics of each type of bird Compare/Contrast types of birds ◦ Concept Map Exercise
Colors: Rare, Blue, and Green For ages: 8 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately years Pet size: approximately 7" in length Social ◦ 30 minutes of socializing per day Intelligent ◦ Whistle Tunes ◦ Low talking ability Other Behavior ◦ Messy eaters
Types: Nanday, Green Cheek, Black Cap, Jenday, Sun, Fancy Green For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately years Pet size: approximately 10"-15" in length Social ◦ 1+ hours of daily interaction Intelligent ◦ Smart, Easily Trained, “Step-up/Step-down” for easy handling Behavior ◦ Messy eaters ◦ Noisy ◦ Medium speaking ability
Types: Fisher’s, Peach- faced, Black-Cheek, Nyasa For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately years Pet size: approximately 6" in length Social ◦ 1+ socialization Intelligent ◦ Easily trained Behavior ◦ Nest Makers ◦ Chirps (train to whistle)
Colors: Grey, Lutino, Cinnamon, Pied For ages: 12 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately years Pet size: approximately 10"-12" in length Social ◦ 1+ hour of interaction per day Behavior ◦ Whistlers ◦ Preeners (self groom) ◦ Messy eaters
Types: Zebra, Society, Manikin, Cordon Blue, Gouldian For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately 5 years Pet size: approximately 5"-6" in length Social ◦ No handling, enjoy seeing people regularly Behavior ◦ Males sing ◦ Messy eaters
Types: Rock, Diamond, White, Pink Ring Neck For ages: 8 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately years Pet size: approximately 4"- 8" in length Social ◦ mins per day, handled and stroked Behavior ◦ Calm, gentle ◦ Coo (male call) ◦ Need grit (stones for digestion) ◦ Messy eaters
Types: Yellow, Red Factor, Fancy For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision Pet lifespan: approximately 5-25 years Pet size: approximately 5" in length Social ◦ No handling, like to watch people Behavior: ◦ Makes sing ◦ High metabolic rate (food always available) ◦ Single or pairs ◦ Messy eaters
Socialization: behave in a friendly manner Preen: to trim or dress (feathers, fur, etc.) with the beak or tongue Parrot: any of numerous hook-billed, often brilliantly colored birds of the order Psittaciformes, as the cockatoo, lory, macaw, or parakeet, having the ability to mimic speech and often kept as pets. Song bird: 1. a bird that sings, any passerine bird of the suborder Oscines Grit: hard stones, kept in crop, used to help grind (chew) food Coo: to utter or imitate the soft, murmuring sound characteristic of doves.
Concept Map Page 1 ◦ Types of birds Build a Concept map for each type of bird (follow first example, use your own paper) ◦ Parakeet (Budgie) ◦ Small Parrot Conure Lovebird ◦ Cockatiel ◦ Finches ◦ Doves ◦ Canaries
1. Copy this sentence for each question below This is a _________________. Examples of this type of bird include: _________________ and ______________. _______________ is a common behavior. This might influence bird ownership because _____________________________.
Animal Science Level 1
What might have happened to this bird?
Understand proper care of domestic birds Outline general rules for bird care
What are common rules of thumb for all bird care?
Cages: ◦ As roomy as possible. Able to spread wings & make short flights (exercise) ◦ Metal bars; birds should not be able to fit their heads through ◦ Horizontal: for birds that like to climb (parakeets etc) ◦ Slide out trays for easy cleaning and less anxiety to animal ◦ Draft free area ◦ Daily sunlight ◦ Even temperature
Definition: large flying enclosure mimicking a natural environment Indoor: ◦ You control temperature ◦ Often a room devoted to birds ◦ Windows are wired ◦ Door has a double passage way to prevent escape Outdoor ◦ Most natural environment ◦ Must have indoor shelter ◦ Wind breaks (prevents drafts, helps block some noise) ◦ Normally all wired and mesh
Hand Fed: Fed by humans formula via large syringe. ◦ Pros: More hand friendly and tame ◦ Cons: Time consuming, expensive (formula) Seeds: Mixture, based on shape and size of beak ◦ Pros: Enrichment for animal ◦ Cons: Birds will over indulge Seed pellet mix: Condensed nutrients in pellets with seeds available ◦ Pros: Great variety for enrichment and nutrition ◦ Cons: Many birds eat around pellets
Fresh fruit and vegetables ◦ Pros: Enrichment, great way to bond with your animal (sharing food) ◦ Cons: too much can cause damage to digestion system Grit ◦ Pros: Required for health digestion system of birds ◦ Cons: Some birds are picky with how grit is delivered. Best practice: Mixtures of seeds, pellets, grit and fresh fruits/vegetables
Drinking water ◦ Birds should have access at all times to clean drinking water Common methods of providing water Provided: Bowls, Gravity watering container Bathing ◦ Large bowl ◦ No more than 2 inches deep ◦ Most birds must be able to see the bottom Marbles, stones, colored bottom ◦ Warm to room temperature water ◦ Misting spray bottle as well for thorough cleaning
Toys ◦ Puzzles ◦ Chew Toys Cuddle bones: provide needed minerals, helps trim beaks
Mirrors ◦ Pros: Birds feel less alone & talk their reflections ◦ Cons: Birds will be more comfortable with reflection and reject owner Perches ◦ Different sizes, shapes, and textures Prevents foot stress and injuries
Tags/ Bands: Used for ID and registration for paperwork Cleaning routine: Thoroughly clean all perches and bowls. Replace bedding. Fresh seeds and fresh water. Mite prevention: Mite cartons to help keep mites away from cages. Also available in powder
Aviary: large flying enclosure mimicking a natural environment Hand-fed: Fed by humans formula via large syringe. Enrichment: make better or improve in quality Cuddle bone: provide needed minerals, helps trim beaks Perch: Used for sitting: Different sizes, shapes, and textures Leg Band: Used for ID and registration for paperwork
Compare and Contrast (Use example, then your own paper) Page 2 ◦ Types of bird food ◦ Types of Perches Design the perfect cage for your bird Page 3 ◦ Use Care sheets on birds ◦ Design a cage based on their needs
Animal Science Level 1
Identify common Parrot Diseases Explain common treatment for parrot diseases Understand symptoms and signs of common parrot diseases
Why did this happen?
What is the best way to prevent parrot disease?
Symptoms: lethargy, diarrhea, ruffled feathers, sinusitis, anorexia, conjunctivitis, and tremors in the neck, wing and legs Transmission: through infected feces and nasal discharge Prevention: Quarantine shedding birds, Clean van blades and vents
Symptoms: irreversible loss of feathers, shedding of developing feathers, development of abnormal feathers, new pinched feathers, and loss of powder down Transmission: through direct contact, inhalation or ingestion of aerosols, crop-feeding, infected fecal material, and feather dust Prevention: Strict isolation of all diseased birds
Symptoms: prolific loss of feathers Transmission: Non transmissible Prevention: ◦ Birds are very intelligent. They need socialization and enrichment daily. Feather plucking is normally a main symptom of emotional distress or upset
Symptoms: lethargy, anorexia, and diarrhea, Transmission: primarily through the air, shed from an infected bird in the nasal and or ocular secretions, fecal material, and feather dust Prevention: Proper hygiene Treatment note: Can be treated with Pepto. 2-3 drops by mouth once a day
Symptoms: sudden death can occur, progressive weight loss in spite of a good appetite, depression, diarrhea, increased thirst, and respiratory difficulty Transmission: by ingestion and inhalation of aerosolized infectious organisms from feces. Prevention: minimize stress and overcrowding; Provide proper ventilation; Prevent malnutrition with a proper die
Lethargy: tired, weak behavior Powder down: Under feathers, powdered skin from feather coverings Non-Transmissible: unable to be given to other animals Shedding: Fluffing off of skin cells (carrying bacteria or viruses) Aerosol: Air born particles (carrying bacteria or viruses)
You’re the Vet Pages 4 and 5
Animal Science Level 1
List and locate gross avian anatomy Discuss comparative anatomy Understand the concept of homology Get out your packets and you will be working on the Anatomy Pages as we go through the notes. Pages
How are these limbs used?
How have birds evolved for flight?
Hollow: air sacs Bird bones have bones that are fused Struts/Trusses: for bone strength without the added weight Extra back bones (vertebrae) for flexibility
Writing Prompt: 10 Minutes solid writing. Make it readable. Complete thoughts and sentences. Spelling and grammar not a factor in grading.
Worksheet 6: Relate it to you Page 6 Example:
Remiges: the large quill feathers of a bird's wing, main blood supply to feathers Digits: “toes”, able to be moved for grasping Covert: small feathers covering the bases of the longer feathers Homology: Same bones, used for different purposes by different animals (seal fin vs. bird wing) Gizzard: grinds food with stones
Anatomy Sheet Page 7 Bird Book Work (green book) ◦ Birds Page 440 Define all vocabulary Use in a sentence Answer questions at end of chapter in complete sentence.
1. Remiges:2. Homology: 3. Lethargy: 4. Non-Transmissible: 5. Aerosol: 6. Aviary: 7. Enrichment: 8. Perch:9. Parrot:10. Song bird: Describe Homology. What is it? What does it mean for evolution? Give examples in your answer Know the bird diseases and their symptoms.