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Animal Science Level 1. Intro Video  Unit Essential Question ◦ What are common characteristics of bird care?  Lesson Questions: ◦ How could bird behavior.

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Presentation on theme: "Animal Science Level 1. Intro Video  Unit Essential Question ◦ What are common characteristics of bird care?  Lesson Questions: ◦ How could bird behavior."— Presentation transcript:

1 Animal Science Level 1

2 Intro Video

3  Unit Essential Question ◦ What are common characteristics of bird care?  Lesson Questions: ◦ How could bird behavior influence bird ownership? ◦ What are common rules of thumb for all bird care? ◦ What is the best way to prevent parrot disease? ◦ How have birds evolved for flight?  Concepts ◦ Types of Birds ◦ Common Disease ◦ Basic Car ◦ Anatomy  Vocabulary: Fill out daily

4  Where would you find these birds?

5  How could bird behavior influence ownership?

6  Identify common pet store birds  Define characteristics of each type of bird  Compare/Contrast types of birds ◦ Concept Map Exercise

7  Parakeet (Budgie)  Small Parrot ◦ Conure ◦ Lovebird  Cockatiel  Finches  Doves  Canaries

8  Colors: Rare, Blue, and Green  For ages: 8 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately years  Pet size: approximately 7" in length  Social ◦ 30 minutes of socializing per day  Intelligent ◦ Whistle Tunes ◦ Low talking ability  Other Behavior ◦ Messy eaters

9  Types: Nanday, Green Cheek, Black Cap, Jenday, Sun, Fancy Green  For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately years  Pet size: approximately 10"-15" in length  Social ◦ 1+ hours of daily interaction  Intelligent ◦ Smart, Easily Trained, “Step-up/Step-down” for easy handling  Behavior ◦ Messy eaters ◦ Noisy ◦ Medium speaking ability

10  Types: Fisher’s, Peach- faced, Black-Cheek, Nyasa  For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately years  Pet size: approximately 6" in length  Social ◦ 1+ socialization  Intelligent ◦ Easily trained  Behavior ◦ Nest Makers ◦ Chirps (train to whistle)

11  Colors: Grey, Lutino, Cinnamon, Pied  For ages: 12 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately years  Pet size: approximately 10"-12" in length  Social ◦ 1+ hour of interaction per day  Behavior ◦ Whistlers ◦ Preeners (self groom) ◦ Messy eaters

12  Types: Zebra, Society, Manikin, Cordon Blue, Gouldian  For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately 5 years  Pet size: approximately 5"-6" in length  Social ◦ No handling, enjoy seeing people regularly  Behavior ◦ Males sing ◦ Messy eaters

13  Types: Rock, Diamond, White, Pink Ring Neck  For ages: 8 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately years  Pet size: approximately 4"- 8" in length  Social ◦ mins per day, handled and stroked  Behavior ◦ Calm, gentle ◦ Coo (male call) ◦ Need grit (stones for digestion) ◦ Messy eaters

14  Types: Yellow, Red Factor, Fancy  For ages: 14 & up, with adult supervision  Pet lifespan: approximately 5-25 years  Pet size: approximately 5" in length  Social ◦ No handling, like to watch people  Behavior: ◦ Makes sing ◦ High metabolic rate (food always available) ◦ Single or pairs ◦ Messy eaters

15  Socialization: behave in a friendly manner  Preen: to trim or dress (feathers, fur, etc.) with the beak or tongue  Parrot: any of numerous hook-billed, often brilliantly colored birds of the order Psittaciformes, as the cockatoo, lory, macaw, or parakeet, having the ability to mimic speech and often kept as pets.  Song bird: 1. a bird that sings, any passerine bird of the suborder Oscines  Grit: hard stones, kept in crop, used to help grind (chew) food  Coo: to utter or imitate the soft, murmuring sound characteristic of doves.

16  Concept Map Page 1 ◦ Types of birds  Build a Concept map for each type of bird (follow first example, use your own paper) ◦ Parakeet (Budgie) ◦ Small Parrot  Conure  Lovebird ◦ Cockatiel ◦ Finches ◦ Doves ◦ Canaries

17  1. Copy this sentence for each question below  This is a _________________. Examples of this type of bird include: _________________ and ______________. _______________ is a common behavior. This might influence bird ownership because _____________________________.

18 Animal Science Level 1

19  What might have happened to this bird?

20  Understand proper care of domestic birds  Outline general rules for bird care

21  What are common rules of thumb for all bird care?

22  Environment  Food  Water  Enrichment  Illness prevention

23  Cages: ◦ As roomy as possible. Able to spread wings & make short flights (exercise) ◦ Metal bars; birds should not be able to fit their heads through ◦ Horizontal: for birds that like to climb (parakeets etc) ◦ Slide out trays for easy cleaning and less anxiety to animal ◦ Draft free area ◦ Daily sunlight ◦ Even temperature

24  Definition: large flying enclosure mimicking a natural environment  Indoor: ◦ You control temperature ◦ Often a room devoted to birds ◦ Windows are wired ◦ Door has a double passage way to prevent escape  Outdoor ◦ Most natural environment ◦ Must have indoor shelter ◦ Wind breaks (prevents drafts, helps block some noise) ◦ Normally all wired and mesh

25  Hand Fed: Fed by humans formula via large syringe. ◦ Pros: More hand friendly and tame ◦ Cons: Time consuming, expensive (formula)  Seeds: Mixture, based on shape and size of beak ◦ Pros: Enrichment for animal ◦ Cons: Birds will over indulge  Seed pellet mix: Condensed nutrients in pellets with seeds available ◦ Pros: Great variety for enrichment and nutrition ◦ Cons: Many birds eat around pellets

26  Fresh fruit and vegetables ◦ Pros: Enrichment, great way to bond with your animal (sharing food) ◦ Cons: too much can cause damage to digestion system  Grit ◦ Pros: Required for health digestion system of birds ◦ Cons: Some birds are picky with how grit is delivered.  Best practice: Mixtures of seeds, pellets, grit and fresh fruits/vegetables

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28  Drinking water ◦ Birds should have access at all times to clean drinking water  Common methods of providing water  Provided: Bowls, Gravity watering container  Bathing ◦ Large bowl ◦ No more than 2 inches deep ◦ Most birds must be able to see the bottom  Marbles, stones, colored bottom ◦ Warm to room temperature water ◦ Misting spray bottle as well for thorough cleaning

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30  Toys ◦ Puzzles ◦ Chew Toys  Cuddle bones: provide needed minerals, helps trim beaks

31  Mirrors ◦ Pros: Birds feel less alone & talk their reflections ◦ Cons: Birds will be more comfortable with reflection and reject owner  Perches ◦ Different sizes, shapes, and textures  Prevents foot stress and injuries

32  Tags/ Bands: Used for ID and registration for paperwork  Cleaning routine: Thoroughly clean all perches and bowls. Replace bedding. Fresh seeds and fresh water.  Mite prevention: Mite cartons to help keep mites away from cages. Also available in powder

33  Aviary: large flying enclosure mimicking a natural environment  Hand-fed: Fed by humans formula via large syringe.  Enrichment: make better or improve in quality  Cuddle bone: provide needed minerals, helps trim beaks  Perch: Used for sitting: Different sizes, shapes, and textures  Leg Band: Used for ID and registration for paperwork

34  Compare and Contrast (Use example, then your own paper) Page 2 ◦ Types of bird food ◦ Types of Perches  Design the perfect cage for your bird Page 3 ◦ Use Care sheets on birds ◦ Design a cage based on their needs

35 Animal Science Level 1

36  Identify common Parrot Diseases  Explain common treatment for parrot diseases  Understand symptoms and signs of common parrot diseases

37  Why did this happen?

38  What is the best way to prevent parrot disease?

39  Symptoms: lethargy, diarrhea, ruffled feathers, sinusitis, anorexia, conjunctivitis, and tremors in the neck, wing and legs  Transmission: through infected feces and nasal discharge  Prevention: Quarantine shedding birds, Clean van blades and vents

40  Symptoms: irreversible loss of feathers, shedding of developing feathers, development of abnormal feathers, new pinched feathers, and loss of powder down  Transmission: through direct contact, inhalation or ingestion of aerosols, crop-feeding, infected fecal material, and feather dust  Prevention: Strict isolation of all diseased birds

41  Symptoms: prolific loss of feathers  Transmission: Non transmissible  Prevention: ◦ Birds are very intelligent. They need socialization and enrichment daily. Feather plucking is normally a main symptom of emotional distress or upset

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43  Symptoms: lethargy, anorexia, and diarrhea,  Transmission: primarily through the air, shed from an infected bird in the nasal and or ocular secretions, fecal material, and feather dust  Prevention: Proper hygiene  Treatment note: Can be treated with Pepto. 2-3 drops by mouth once a day

44  Symptoms: sudden death can occur, progressive weight loss in spite of a good appetite, depression, diarrhea, increased thirst, and respiratory difficulty  Transmission: by ingestion and inhalation of aerosolized infectious organisms from feces.  Prevention: minimize stress and overcrowding; Provide proper ventilation; Prevent malnutrition with a proper die

45  Lethargy: tired, weak behavior  Powder down: Under feathers, powdered skin from feather coverings  Non-Transmissible: unable to be given to other animals  Shedding: Fluffing off of skin cells (carrying bacteria or viruses)  Aerosol: Air born particles (carrying bacteria or viruses)

46  You’re the Vet Pages 4 and 5

47 Animal Science Level 1

48  List and locate gross avian anatomy  Discuss comparative anatomy  Understand the concept of homology  Get out your packets and you will be working on the Anatomy Pages as we go through the notes. Pages

49  How are these limbs used?

50  How have birds evolved for flight?

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59  Hollow: air sacs  Bird bones have bones that are fused  Struts/Trusses: for bone strength without the added weight  Extra back bones (vertebrae) for flexibility

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63  Writing Prompt: 10 Minutes solid writing. Make it readable. Complete thoughts and sentences. Spelling and grammar not a factor in grading.

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66  Worksheet 6: Relate it to you Page 6  Example:

67  Remiges: the large quill feathers of a bird's wing, main blood supply to feathers  Digits: “toes”, able to be moved for grasping  Covert: small feathers covering the bases of the longer feathers  Homology: Same bones, used for different purposes by different animals (seal fin vs. bird wing)  Gizzard: grinds food with stones

68  Anatomy Sheet  Page 7  Bird Book Work (green book) ◦ Birds Page 440  Define all vocabulary  Use in a sentence  Answer questions at end of chapter in complete sentence.

69  1. Remiges:2. Homology: 3. Lethargy: 4. Non-Transmissible: 5. Aerosol: 6. Aviary: 7. Enrichment: 8. Perch:9. Parrot:10. Song bird:  Describe Homology. What is it? What does it mean for evolution? Give examples in your answer  Know the bird diseases and their symptoms.


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