Instruments Drums Tamborines Timbrels Flutes The Lyre
Five Books of Psalms 1.1-41 - Individual Laments 2.42-72 - Temple Liturgies 3.73-89 – Group Laments and Liturgies 4.90-106 - Temple Liturgies 5.107-150 - Liturgies * * Psalms of Ascent – Marches (120- 134)
Some Psalms 5 – Prayer for God’s help 14 – Lament over Corruption 22 – Good Friday – Jesus 23 – The Shepherd 27 - Trust in God - (Norm) 42 - Liturgy for God – (Ed) 51 – Miserere – David 150 – Final Doxology 117-119
Proverbs 950-700 B.C. Brief nice words spoken by many wise people Solomon (3000) – Agur – King Lemuel – Many Others A collection of collections of brief, clever, witty sayings
Two lines - Ben Franklin - Chinese Cookies - Comics Rules for good living - Wisdom and good sense for the young Main topics: sexual purity integrity of speech Often Personified: Lady Wisdom – Fraulein Folly
Main Proverb “The Fear of the Lord is the Beginning of Wisdom” (9:10)
Some Proverbs 16:18 “Pride goes before disaster and a haughty spirit before a fall.” 20:1 “Wine is arrogant, strong drink is riotous; none who goes astray for it is wise.” 24:26 “He gives a kiss on the lips who makes an honest reply.” 26:20 “Without wood a fire goes out. Without gossip a quarrel dies down.”
22:1 “A good name is more desireable than great riches; and high esteem than gold and silver.” 26:11 “As the dog returns to his vomit, so the fool repeats his folly.” 22:6 “Train a boy in the way he should go; even when he is old, he will not swerve from it.”
13:24 “He who spares his rod hates his son, but he who loves him takes care to chastise him.” 31:10-31 The ideal Wife Jesus – Greater than Solomon (Luke 11:31)
Ecclesiastes Qoheleth Ch 1:2-9 Statement of the theme of the book. Vanity: transient, futile, empty, unreliable, like breath or vapor. Very pessimistic attitude: Everything is useless: Knowledge, riches, love, even life itself.
Ch 2:14-17 Man’s search for meaning in life is vain. Nothing can fully satisfy a person. Even the wise person experiences an inner emptiness that testifies that the search has been in vain.
Ch 3:1-9 There is an appointed time for everything Everything has been predetermined by God and man cannot change it. Therefore, enjoy the present moment and accept it as a gift from God. None of the activities of life can fill up the capacity and desire. (Also Ch 6:1-9)
Ch 3:16-20 The question of Job: why does the good man suffer?
Ch 8:10-15 Retribution question again Ch 9:10 Ch 7:26-29 Statement on women
A Christian conclusion: The book can also be seen as a description of what life is like apart from God and thus is a preparation for the fullness of God’s revelation in Jesus.
The Song of Songs Describes the relationship between God and his people in terms of human love, The Lord is the lover and his people are the beloved.
This is in the tradition of the prophets which saw the relationship between Israel and God as a marriage: –Isaiah (5:1-7; 54:5-8) –Jeremiah (2:2) –Ezekiel (16) It is also seen as an ideal of human love.
Series of love poems in which the lover and loved are united, separated and lost, sought and finally found. It uses courtship and descriptions from the author’s time. The marginal letters indicate the speakers –B – Bride –D – Daughters of Jerusalem or Chorus –G - Groom
Ch 1:1-4 Bride expresses yearning for beloved’s kisses Ch 1, 2 Dialogue between bride and bridegroom Ch 3:1-4 Lost and found Ch 4:1-4 The charms of the beloved again Ch 5 Lost and search again Ch 8:6-14 Love, chastity, dowry, life together