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HOW TO PLAY IT SAFE WHILE WORKING IN THE FIELD PRESENTED BY : NELSON DURANT HARRIS COUNTY.

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Presentation on theme: "HOW TO PLAY IT SAFE WHILE WORKING IN THE FIELD PRESENTED BY : NELSON DURANT HARRIS COUNTY."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOW TO PLAY IT SAFE WHILE WORKING IN THE FIELD PRESENTED BY : NELSON DURANT HARRIS COUNTY

2 Why discuss safety?  You need to be knowledgeable about certain hazards you may encounter on your job.  Having knowledge of safety related issues is important for both you and your employer.  Safety is mostly common sense but we All can become complacent in regards to safety.  Your Safety is YOUR responsibility ! Use what you have learned and put safety into action. 2

3 What are the most common safety issues?  Temperature related issues  Strains to muscles / joints  Slips, trips, and falls  Bites  Irate persons  Bio/Chemical hazards  Driving issues  and many more! 3

4 Temperature Related Stress 4

5  What is it?  How does your body cool itself?  What happens if it can no longer do this?  If your body overheats & dehydration occurs, what happens next?  What are the degrees of heat stress? Heat Rash Heat Cramps Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke 5 Heat Stress

6 Four Stages of Heat Stress  Heat Rash: Is aka “prickly heat”, red rash or blisters, non-life threatening.  Heat Cramps: Have severe cramps in limbs and stomach, not life threatening but painful, may not occur while working.  Heat Exhaustion: Is serious, occurs when the body’s cooling system is overworked but not shut down. Seek medical assistance. Do not let it progress into Heat Stroke.  Heat Stroke: Is extremely serious, can be fatal, body’s system can no longer cool itself, depleted of water and minerals, and is shutting down. Get medical assistance ASAP. 6

7 Frostbite: Damage to the skin that is manifested in 2 ways.  Superficial frostbite – where the outer layer of the skin is frozen. Affected tissue must be protected from further exposure. Slowly warm up the tissue without rubbing it.  Deep Frostbite – involves freezing of the tissue underneath the outer skin More severe than superficial Requires medical assistance for treatment Protect from further exposure and DO NOT ATTEMPT TO THAW AFFECTED TISSUE! Hypothermia: The body’s core temperature drops and reduces circulation to the extremities in an attempt to conserve heat.  Signs: Confusion and slurred difficult speech Sleepiness and an intoxicated appearance Loss of manual dexterity 7 Cold Stress

8 Ways to prevent temperature related injuries & illnesses  Acclimate yourself to your environment  WATER - REST - SHADE  Eat and drink wisely  Replenish your fluids but do not shock your system with cold liquids. No Energy or Caffeinated Drinks. Think Water !  Wear light/moisture-wicking clothing and hats in the summer and dress in layers during colder months  Ask your doctor if the medications you take can have side effects if you work in high heat areas  Perform heavy labor activities in the early morning or evening when possible Go to or for additional informationwww.cdc.govwww.osha.gov 8

9 MUSCLE STRAINS SLIPS TRIPS & FALLS 9

10 Proper Lifting Techniques  Know the weight of what you are lifting  Avoid lifting from the ground or above the shoulders  Lift slowly and do not use a jerking motion  Do not twist while lifting  Keep the load close to you and secure your footing  Carry in “the zone”  Try to avoid carrying the load more than 10 feet  Use mechanical assistance if necessary 10

11 There can be many ways you can slip, trip, or fall in the field  Uneven/rough terrain  Traction on high/wet grass and dirt  Falls into trenches  Tripping over tools and equipment  Weight distribution when carrying items  Safety glasses, shoes, etc.  Office dangers – cords, clutter, etc. 11 Slips, Trips, and Falls

12  Using proper lifting techniques and a back brace  Asking for mechanical means or asking for assistance when lifting heavy objects  Scoping out your job site before you start working  Make sure area is safe after digging – loose soil can be dangerous  Make sure your area is free of trip hazards  Immediately clean up any spill  Avoid repetitive motion  Make sure your Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is properly fitted (and that you wear it!) 12 Avoid these situations by……

13 ANIMAL BITES 13

14 Dog Bites  Not all dog owners are responsible  Many dogs are trained to protect  Even a small dog can attack  Dogs on a chain are more likely to be aggressive  Report any stray or aggressive animal  Each year in the United States  4.7 million persons receive bites  800,000 receive medical attention  360,000 receive extended treatment  16 are fatally wounded 14

15 If approached by a dog on a job site:  Ask the owner to restrain  Do not make direct eye contact or smile  Remain motionless and stand with your side to the dog  Do not run or scream – they sense fear  Back away slowly if the dog retreats or loses interest  Use a “block” if necessary (Stick, plastic pole, leg, etc)  If knocked over, roll into a ball and lie still  Do not startle a dog that is sleeping, eating, or caring for puppies  If attacked, seek medical attention & immediately report the animal 15 Preventing dog bites

16  Texas Department of State Health Services:  Annually, 7,000 persons are bitten by venomous snakes in the US  Only 0.2% venomous snake bites result in death  On average, 1 – 2 people in Texas die each year  Roughly half of all venomous bites are “dry” Venomous snakes in Texas: Pit Vipers: cottonmouth, copperhead, rattlesnake and Texas Coral Snakes 16 Snake Bites

17  Many snakes are shy and non-confrontational  If surprised or threatened – they will attack  If left undisturbed – they will leave or not strike  Stand very still and do not make loud noises  If you have stepped close to it and not been struck – leave your foot there – do not move  Do not provoke or throw rocks at it  If you are in an area prone to snakes – wear protective footwear and do not move large rocks or fallen trees 17 How to prevent snake bites

18  Determine if the snake is venomous  Keep calm and seek medical attention as soon as possible  Apply first aid:  Lay or sit with the bite area below your heart level  Wash the area with soap and water  Cover with a clean dry cloth  Do not:  Pick up the snake or try to trap it  Wait for symptoms to appear  Apply a tourniquet, apply ice, or immerse in water  Cut the wound and suck the venom out  Drink alcohol as a painkiller or drink caffeinated beverages 18 I’ve been bitten! What now?

19 IRATE HUMANS 19

20 Let’s face it, not everybody is happy camper  Reasons you are there:  Installation  Repair  Inspection  Complaint  Do Not:  Get angry in return  Insult them  Ask them to calm down  Show empathy- put yourself in their shoes  Make promises you cannot keep  Engage in verbal abuse or physical activity with them 20

21 You can try to make them a happy camper, but….  Do:  Remain calm and composed  Acknowledge their anger  Only state facts – have information written down  Place yourself in a path you can escape if necessary  Protect yourself if necessary  Realize it is not personal Do Not Remain On-site If You Feel Threatened! 21

22 Biological and Chemical EXPOSURES 22

23  The Center to Protect Workers Rights (CPWR)  Sewage and wastewater contain bacteria, funguses, parasites, and viruses that can cause intestinal, lung, and other infections.  Following careful work habits (equipment, work practices, and PPE) can prevent these from getting into your system Absorption Inhalation Ingestion Injection  You can be exposed during any part of inspection, treatment, transport, or application of sewage sludge 23 Biological Hazards

24 Chemical Hazards  Reactive: Chlorine tablets (Hypochlorites are very reactive)  Flammable: Solvent, Gasoline, Diesel fuels  If it has not rained in a while and the ground is wet….  Kids (and adults) are finding new ways to make their own toys on the internet….  Never pick up waste or items on the ground!  Illegal dumping of household materials 24

25 Protect yourself 25  Training and education  Vaccinations up to date: Tetanus and diphtheria  Use engineered controls and work practices  PPE: goggles, proper gloves, face shield, water resistant suit  Designated areas: handwashing, eating/drinking, clothes change  Make good choices:  Keep nails short and use a brush to clean them  Cover chapped or open wounds on hands and arms  Take a shower as soon as possible  Do not wash work clothes with regular clothes  Report any injuries, illnesses, or near misses

26 DRIVING TIPS 26

27 Driving Tips 27  Although vehicle fatalities have gone down in recent years because newer cars have better safety features - the number of traffic deaths caused by distracted driving has increased because of the increased use of electronic gadgets.  What is distracted driving?  Visual – taking your eyes off of the road  Manual – taking your hands off of the wheel  Mental – taking your mind off of driving

28 Avoid distracted driving by……  Keeping your head in the game  Getting your frustrations out before you get in your vehicle  Making a plan before you leave  Making only emergency phone calls, having a hands-free phone, or pulling over to the shoulder  Never text, check s, or play games while driving  Never eat, drink, or groom while driving 28

29 Other driving tips  Look twice before leaving an intersection or green light  Check your mirrors and adjust your seat every time someone else has driven your vehicle  Make sure you can reach the pedals comfortably  Lock your doors and hide your valuables  Be aware of your surroundings when you stop at a traffic light  Do not drive if sleepy  Carry all necessary paperwork in the event of an accident  If you become ill – call for help ASAP! 29

30 Nelson Durant Phone: The best way to treat an injury is to prevent it from happening in the first place!!!!


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