Presentation on theme: "THE MIDDLE EASTERN CULTURE Zhu lihua Pan yu Sun xin Liang danhong."— Presentation transcript:
THE MIDDLE EASTERN CULTURE Zhu lihua Pan yu Sun xin Liang danhong
THE STRUCTURE OF CONTENT THE GENERAL GEOGRAPHY OF MIDDLE EAST RELIGION CLOTHES BELLY DANCING
GEOGRAPHY Generally referring to the area from Afghanistan to Egypt, including the Arabian Peninsula, Cyprus, and Asiatic Turkey
"Islam" —an Arabic word, means“ submission to the will of God". "Muslim" — means one who submits to the will of God, regardless of their race, nationality or ethnic background. Religion
Muslim Duty towards the Poor Patience Forgiveness Kindness Humanitarianism Duty towards Non-Muslims
Anyone who looks after and works for a widow and a poor person is like a warrior fighting for Allah’s cause …or like a person who fasts during the day and prays all right.
Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn aside from the ignorant O ye who believe! Seek help with patient perseverance and prayer; for Allah is with those who for Allah is with those who patiently persevere
Those who are kind and considerate to Allah’s creatures, Allan bestows His kindness and affection on them Visit the sick, feed the hungry and free the captives
Whoever harms a non-Muslim citizen has harmed me —— Prophet Muhanmad
Muslim women one of the most important role in a Muslim family. This role includes not just the upbringing of children but rather keeping the family united around true Islamic values. In many cultures the women wore head covering, but not all.
Muslim Marriage The prophet Muhammad (SAWS) said: "When the servant of Allah marries, he has fulfilled half the (responsibilities laid on him by the) faith; so let him be God conscious with respect to the other half".
Nikah 爱穆 —The Nikah process makes both the man and woman legal for each other as husband and wife. Dukhlah (or Rukhsati ) —the process of "publicly" sending the bride and groom to live as husband and wife Walimah —an official lunch or dinner invitation by the groom and his family to their family and friends to declare the marriage.
Clothes of sand Who has dressed you in strange clothes of sand? Who has taken you, far from my land? Who has said that my sayings were wrong? And who will say that I stayed much too long? Clothes of sand have covered your face Given you meaning, taken my place So make your way on, down to the sea Something has taken you, so far from me. D oes it now seem worth all the colour of skies? To see the earth, through painted eyes?
To look through panes of shaded glass? See the stains of winter's grass. Can you now return to from where you came? Try to burn, your changing name? Or with silver spoons and coloured light Will you worship moons, in winter's night. Clothes of sand have covered your face Given you meaning taken my place So make your way on, down to the sea Something has taken you, so far from me.
Demand for clothes Standards for women 'hijab' –head Covering (necessary at mosque ) must be different from men’s no tattoo no weaves and wigs on the head
Standard for men not wear silk or gold jewelry robes or shirts not trail behind on the ground. robes or shirts halfway below the shin but over the ankles hair should be cut a little below the ears must be different from women’s clothes
Khimar 罩袍 Traditional pattern: loose, linear, long Modern pattern: fit, slim Traditional color: black, dark blue, brown, light purple modern color: red, yellow, white, orange, silver, golden
An Arabic wedding veil A young Turkish girl A young Turkish woman - note coins on hat
Belly dance Temple rites of India “belly dancing”--- from traditional women’s dances of the Middle East and North Africa