Presentation on theme: "The Teddy Stoddard Story"— Presentation transcript:
1The Teddy Stoddard Story Unit 2The Teddy Stoddard Story
2Overview Lesson 1 New words & expressions Background A global picture Pre-reading questionsNew words & expressionsBackgroundA global picture
3Pre-reading Questions Who is your favorite teacher? What do you remember him/her for?What qualities do you expect of a good teacher?
4New Words & Expressions Reading loud (Pronunciation)Understanding the meaningWord derivationWord differentiation
5Understanding the Meaning slumpslump down in a chair
6Understanding the Meaning unkemptmessy, having untidy clothes and hairThe man withgreasy ~ hair left hera very badimpression.
7Understanding the Meaning boldbold characterboldfaced
8Understanding the Meaning Making bold X’s and marking the F at the topof thepaperwith abroadred pen
9Understanding the Meaning sullenShe’s rather ~.她总是闷闷不乐的。The ~ child refused to answer my question.
10Understanding the Meaning inquisitiveDon’t be so ~; I’m not telling you what I’ve promised not to say.The boy examinedinquisitively witha magnifyingglass.
11Understanding the Meaning withdrawShe withdrew ￡50 from her bank account.She has made several withdrawals from her account recently.
12Understanding the Meaning withdrawn <adj.> Habitually quiet and often seeming more concerned with one’s own thoughts than other people 孤僻的；离群的；内向的After the accident, he withdrew into himself and refused to talk to either his family or friends.
13Understanding the Meaning tardyWe apologize for our~ response to your letter.The ~ student isbeing blamed.
14Understanding the Meaning rhinestonebracelet手镯；臂镯
15Understanding the Meaning colognelight perfumeColognea city in North Germany on the River RhineIt is a port and an industrial center.Its German name is Koln.
16Understanding the Meaning stifleShe istrying to~ herlaughter.We ~din theheat ofthe city. 我们在城市的炎热中透不过气来。
17Understanding the Meaning exclaimShe ~ed in delightwhen she saw thepresents.
18Understanding the Meaning dabShe put a ~of perfumebehind her ears.She ~bed some cream on her face.She ~bed a littleperfume on her wrists.
20Understanding the Meaning confettibride & groom (bridegroom)
21Word Derivation V. venture withdraw enjoy N. exclaim assure venture broadventurejoywithdrawaljoyful/joyous/joylessventuresomewithdrawnbroadenexclamationassurancebroadnessexclamatoryassured
22Word Derivation V. N. A. slump constant review bold dab sullen groom inquisitivestifletardyconstancyslumpreviewboldnessdabsullennessgroominquisition/ inquisitivenessstifling <a.>tardiness
23Fill in the blank with the appropriate form of the word given. I don’t have very much to feel ___________ (joy) about at the moment.Several hundred people were crammed into the ___________ (stifle) room.The police subjected him to an ______________ (inquisitive) that lasted 12 hours.He has become more _____________ (venture) this season with dress designs that incorporate a variety of ethnic influences.She turned her back to him and stared ________ (sullen) out of window.joyfulstiflinginquisitionventuresomesullenly
24Fill in the blank with the appropriate form of the word given. There’s been a _________ (slump) in the demand for new cars.Now that the finance has been secured, the production of the film is _________ (assure).The bank became suspicious after several large ____________ (withdraw) were made from his account in a single week.How do they maintain the ______________ (constant) of temperature inside the plane?My uncle is known for his ___________ (tardy) in paying his bills.slumpassuredwithdrawalsconstancytardiness
25Word Differentiation Venture vs. Adventure The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are both written by Mark Twain.There are many joint ________ in Suzhou Industrial Park.Nobody _______ to speak to the angry king.The book is about the _________ of Sinbad the Sailor.venturesventuredadventures
26Word Differentiation Alike, Liking, Like etc. Friends and family _______ were devastated by the news of her death.Was the meal to your _________, sir?I like all kinds of music, jazz, rock and the ____.We all have different likes and dislikes.好恶；爱憎Life can be _______ to a journey with an unknown destination.He voted for the change and he expected his colleagues to do __________.alikelikinglikelikenedlikewise
27Word Differentiation Constant; continual; consistent; continuous Her work is sometimes good, but the problem is she’s not __________.Foreigners have to suffer ________ insults from the local population.Aging is a __________ process.His plane went down after __________ attacks.consistentconstantcontinuouscontinual
28Word Differentiation Broad vs. Board The hijackers ________ the plane at London Airport.The boy flashed a _______ grin at us.She arranged to _______ some students from the university.The news soon spread _______. (=everywhere)The boat is ready to leave. All________!The plane crashed, killing all 200 people _______.boardedbroadboardabroadaboardaboard
29Word Differentiation Bold vs. bald When he took off his hat, we saw that he was as ______ as a coot!______ words denote chapter headings.No journalist was ______ enough to take on the Prime Minister.His hair was combed forward to hide a growing ______ patch.baldBoldboldbald
30Word Differentiation Dab vs. Dub I’d rather watch a film with subtitles than one ______ into EnglishShe _______ (at) the wound with a wet cloth.It is an American film _______ in Chinese.Cf: caption: words printed above or below a picture to say what it is about or give further informationdubbeddabbeddubbed
31Word Differentiation Assure; ensure; insure; reassure “Don’t worry, you car will be ready tomorrow,” the mechanic ________ him.Make sure you ______ your home contents for an adequate amount.Careful planning is needed to ______ the smooth running of the event.A squeeze of her hand _________ him.assuredinsureensurereassured
32Word Differentiation Pew vs. Dew The grass was wet with early morning _____.Groom vs. GloomThere is widespread ______ and doom about the company’s future._______ for the wedding, the young man awaited his bride.dewgloomGroomed
33Word Differentiation Quit, Abandon, Resign He _________ his post because he had been offered a better job.He __________ his wife and children.You must _____ yourself to waiting a bit longer.The game had to be __________ because of crowd trouble.He seems quite ________ to his fate.resignedabandonedresignabandonedresigned他似乎相当听天由命。
34Word Differentiation Claim vs. Exclaim “Good heavens!” he _________. “It’s six o’clock already.”Did you ________ on the insurance after your car accident?If no one _______ the lost bike, the person who found it can keep it.He __________ at the size of the bill.They ______ to have discovered a cure for the disease.exclaimedclaimclaimsexclaimedclaim
35A Global Picture How do you understand the title? How is “The Teddy Stoddard Story” different from “The Teddy Stoddard’s Story”?Refer to note 1 on page 18.How do you understand the italicized sentences at the beginning of the text?Why are they used?
36Theme of the TextA good teacher makes a good student. It is the teacher who teaches with his/her heart/care rather than his/her instructions that makes a confident and successful student, both in study and in life.
37A Global Picture What is the author’s purpose of writing? To tell the readers how a teacher’s attitude towards a pupil can affect his/her life.How many parts does the text fall into?Five.What is the main idea of each part?
38Structure of the Text Part One (para.1-5) Part Two (para.6-8) Mrs. Thompson’s general impression about Teddy from her observation.Part Two (para.6-8)What Mrs. Thompson learned of Teddy from his records.Part Three (para.9-12)A description of how Teddy’s Christmas present touched Mrs. Thompson, which is the turning point of the whole story.
39Structure of the Text Part Four (para.13-14) Part Five (para.15-20) Mrs. Thompson’s special care and encouragement to Teddy — the changes in both Mrs. Thompson and teddy after ChristmasPart Five (para.15-20)the five successive notes by Teddy at important stages of his study life
41Overview Lesson 2 Text analysis Comprehension Language points Word reviewText analysisComprehensionLanguage pointsSentence highlights
42Define the following words: sulleninquisitivewithdrawstifleslumptardyexclaimsilently showing dislike or bad temperalways wanting to find out the details about things and peopleto (cause to) not to take part into prevent from happeningto sink down; depressslow in actionto cry out or speak suddenly and loudly
43Text Analysis Comprehension questions Language points Sentence highlights
44Comprehension (Para.1-5) What lie did Mrs. Thompson tell her children?Why was it a lie?What did Teddy look like?Why did Mrs. Thompson take delight in Marking Teddy’s papers?
45Language Points (Para.1-5) Make impact on (foreword)The computer has made a great impact on modern life.The nuclear experiment has made a major impact on world peace.Actions (foreword)Actions speak louder than words.The police had to take firm action to deal with the riots.
46Language Points (Para.1-5) Lack of (foreword)The building was never finished because of a ~ of money. (n.)He lacks common sense. (v.)Venture (foreword): an activity or undertaking involving risk or uncertaintyHe thought the ~ was too risky and didn’t want to become involved.Venture capital 风险投资 Venturer 风险投资人
47Language Points (Para.1-5) On the very first day (para.1)You are the very man I want. (=just; exactly)We were there from the very beginning.Take delight in (para.5)I took delight in watching him making a fool of himself.He seems to take great delight in teasing his sister.
48Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) …there in front of her, slumped in his seat on the third row, was a little boy named Teddy Stoddard. (para.2)This is a periodic sentence, in which the most important information is postponed to achieve end-focus and create a suspense.
49Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) Mrs. Thompson had watched Teddy the year before and noticed he didn’t playthatwell with the other children, that his clothes were unkempt and that he constantly needed a bath. (para.3)Note: The verb “notice” is followed by three object clauses.
50Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) It got to the point during the first few months that she would actually take delight in marking his paper… (para.4)It (Her dislike for Teddy) had developed to such an extent/extreme during the first few month that it was in fact a kind of joy for her to mark his paper…
51Language Points (Para.4) To the point: to the particular time or stageIt was so confusing that eventually it got to the point where no one knew what was going on.Their family situation decayed to the point that they argued with each other all the time.It goes to the point where communication is simply not possible.
52Comprehension (Para.6-8) From the teachers’ comments, what changes could be noticed in Teddy?What caused Teddy to change from a “bright, inquisitive boy” to “a sullenlittle boy”?What was Mrs. Thompson’s reaction when she read Teddy’s file? Why?
53Language Points (Para.6-8) Record (para.6):A person’s medical ~sare confidential.He is well known to thepolice and has a longcriminal ~.A student’s academic record →
54Language Points (Para.6-8) File (para.6): written records that are kept about a particular person or subjectThe police have opened a file on local burglaries.I’ll keep your recordon file.
55Language Points (Para.6-8) Be in for (para.6): be about to haveWe’re in for some trouble if we don’t finish it quickly.It’s pretty stormy! I think we’re in for a rough flight.Ready (para.6): willing; quickI gave a ~ consent.He has a ~ tongue.I have no ~ answer for the question.
56Language Points (Para.6-8) Be hard on (para.7): treat unfairlyDon’t be so ~ on him — he’s new to the job.My husband travels frequently. His absence is really ~ on our children.Children are very ~ on their shoes. (=wear out quickly)Take steps (para.7): take action, to do what is necessaryWe have taken steps to prevent such unpleasant things from taking place again.We must take steps to help those homeless children.
57Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) When she opened his file, she was in for a surprise. (para.6)When she opened his file, she was about to have / experienced a surprise.
58Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) “Teddy is a bright, inquisitive child with a ready laugh…” (para.6)“Teddy is a clever child who is curious and prepared to laugh...”“Teddy is a bright and cheerful child who likes asking questions…”
59Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) …but his mother’s death has been hard on him. (para.7)…but his mother’s death has had a negative impact on him.…but his mother’s death has affected him greatly.
60Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) He is tardy and could become a problem. (para.8)He is often late for school and could become a problematic/difficult student.
61Comprehension (Para.9-12) When and how did Mrs. Thompson begin to focus on Teddy?How did Mrs. Thompson react to Teddy’s Christmas presents?Why did Mrs. Thompson cry after the children left that day?
62Language Points (Para.9-12) Except for (para.10): <used only before noun>In New York City, ~ for government-subsidized construction, the only rental units being built are luxury units.I was naked ~ for my socks.Clumsily (para.10): awkwardly; without skillThe boy cut the cake ~ into two halves.
63Language Points (Para.9-12) presents in beautiful ribbon and bright paper vs. present in brown paper
64Language Points (Para.9-12) grocery bag (para.10)A scissored grocery bag:a bag used for carryinggroceries has nowbeen cut with scissorsto be turned into apresent wrapper
65Language Points (Para.9-12) a bottle that was one-quarter full of cologne (para.10)The currency has beenreduced to a quarter ofits former value. (=a fourthpart of a whole)I waited a quarter of anhour and then went home.(=15 minutes)
66Sentence Highlights (Para.9-12) Teddy Stoddard stayed behind just long enough to say,… (para.11)Teddy Stoddard stayed behind but he left as soon as he had said,…
67Comprehension (Para.13-14) What change did Mrs. Thompson make in her teaching?What was the remarkable change in Teddy’s study after Mrs. Thompson had changed her attitude towards him?Why would Mrs. Thompson remember that cologne on days when there was an important test?
68Language Points (Para.13-14) Come alive (para.14): become activeThe meeting really came alive when she stood up to make her speech.The office comes alive at eight a.m.Vow (para.14): declare; swear; promiseShe ~ed that she would take the matter to court.Priests ~ their lives to the service of the church.
69Sentence Highlights (Para.13-14) On that very day, she quit teaching reading, writing and speaking. Instead, she began to teach children. (para.13)Starting from that very day, she stopped regarding her pupils as mere “objects” of her instruction in reading, writing and speaking. Instead, she treated them as human beings and gave them more care and encouragement.
70Sentence Highlights (Para.13-14) … he had also become the “pet” of the teacher who had once vowed to love all of her children exactly the same. (para.14)…he had also become the most adored / favorite pupil of the teacher who had once promised to love all her children just the same.
71Comprehension (Para.15-20) How many notes or letters did Mrs. Thompson receive from Teddy?What were the occasions on which Teddy sent the notes?What was the consistent message in all the notes or letters?Why did Teddy ask Mrs. Thompson to attend his marriage ceremony?
72Language Points (Para.15-20) While (para.17): althoughWhile a Rolls Royce is a very nice car it is extremely expensive to run.While I understand that you’re busy at the moment, I really think you ought to see these notes.Stick with (para.17): continue in spite of difficultyYou gave me the courage to ~ with my reform to the end.
73Language Points (Para.15-20) M.D. (para.18)= Doctor ofMedicineNote: the change from “Teddy” to “Theodore”
74Language Points (Para.15-20) Reserve for (para.19): set apart forJapanese food has been presented as expensive and ~ for special occasions.A place was ~ for her in the front row.We’ll ~ the ticket for you till tomorrow noon.I bet (para.20): to state sth. confidentlyI bet that it will rain tomorrow.I bet you she won’t agree.
75Sentence Highlights (Para.15-20) …she got another letter, saying that while things had been tough at times, he’d stayed in school, had stuck with it… (para.17)…she got another letter which told her that, although he had had difficulties occasionally, he had kept moving on in school and had never given up…
76Sentence Highlights (Para.15-20) Teddy said he’d met his girl and was to be married. (para.19)be to do sth:表示按计划安排即将发生的动作A meeting is to be held as 3 o’clock this afternoon.
77Background Information The touching tale is one of pure invention.The story was penned by Elizabeth Silance Ballard in 1976 and published that year in Home Life magazine.Originally, the story was entitled “Three Letters from Teddy” and the main character’s name was Teddy Stallard. Besides, there are two extra paragraphs for the ending.
78Background Information Two extra paragraphs as follows:(Paragraph 21) They hugged each other, and Dr. Stoddard whispered in Mrs. Thompson’s ear, "Thank you Mrs. Thompson for believing in me. Thank you so much for making me feel important and showing me that I could make a difference."
79Background Information Two extra paragraphs as follows:(Paragraph 22) Mrs. Thompson, with tears in her eyes, whispered back. She then said, "Teddy, you have it all wrong. You were the one who taught me that I could make a difference. I didn’t know how to teach until I met you.”
80Background Information The child in the story has been variously named “Teddy Stallart,” “Teddy Stoddart,” or “Teddy Stallard”.Some versions in circulation even conclude Teddy Stoddard as being a doctor now at Iowa Methodist in Des Monies, which is in fact not true.
84British Wedding Custom continuityOptimism & hopeSomething old, something new Something borrowed, something blue And a silver sixpence in her shoe.puritygood fortunefinancial securityMary's in blue, lover be true.
85Wedding AnniversaryIn many countries, one can receive a greeting from the monarch or the President for any wedding anniversary on or after the 50th.Do you know any wedding anniversary and its related gift?
87Translation Practice Require Wonder Assure Lack of Take delight in Put offBe in forTake stepsFocus onTake pains
88Translation Practice require 这门课程需要老师懂两门语言。 婚礼上要求穿正式的服装。 所有乘客都被要求出示车票。 系安全带是法律规定的。True marriage ~s us to show trust and loyalty.The course ~s the teacher to be bilingual.The wedding ceremony ~s formal dress.All passengers are ~d to show their tickets.The wearing of seat belts is ~d by law.真正的婚姻要求双方彼此忠诚和信任。
89Translation Practice wonder <v.> 我不知道他是否赢得了比赛。 我刚才正琢磨你上哪儿去了。 她为自己的愚蠢而感到惊讶。Sometimes he ~ed if other men ~ed the same things.I ~ if he has won the match/competition.I was just ~ing where you were/had been.She ~ed at her own stupidity.有时他纳闷，不知道别人是否也想知道这些事。
90Translation Practice assure 绑架者向他保证他的女儿是安全的。 她查了查确定那份文件还在抽屉里。 Victory would ~ them a place in the finals.我可以向你保证我们的产品质量。The kidnapper ~d him of her daughter’s safety.She ~d herself that the document was still in the drawer.这场胜利将确保他们进入决赛。I can ~ you of the quality of our products.
91Translation Practice lack of 他唯一的问题就是缺乏自信。 由于缺乏证据，那名犯人被释放了。 This young man displayed a complete ~ of courtesy.他因经验不足而遭到拒绝。His only problem is ~ of confidence.For ~ of evidence, the prisoner was released.这个年轻人表现得极端无礼。He was turned down for ~ of experience.
92Translation Practice put off 我已经邀请他们吃饭了，但是我不得不推迟请客，因为我妈妈病了。 记者招待会推迟一周进行。Never ~ off till tomorrow what you can do today.He can’t ~ off going to the doctor any longer.I’ve invited them to dinner, but I’ll have to ~ them off because my mother’s sick/ill.The press conference has been ~ off for a week.今日事，今日毕。他的病不能再拖了。
93Translation Practice take steps 我们必须立即采取措施帮助那些在事故中受伤的人。 The President took unusual ~s of altering his prepared speech in order to condemn the terrorist attack.The country is taking its first tentative ~s towards democracy.We must take immediate ~s to help those who were injured in the accident.总统采取了不寻常的措施，改变已经准备好的讲话，以谴责这次恐怖袭击。这个国家正在尝试向民主制度迈出第一步。
94Translation Practice take pains 这对夫妇煞费苦心，对计划守口如瓶。 她总是不厌其烦地摆弄自己的头发。 I took great ~s to distinguish cultured pears from genuine pearls.系主任花了很大功夫挑选最佳人选。The couple took great ~s to keep the plan secret.She always took ~s with her hair.我花了很大力气学习辨认天然珍珠和人造珍珠。The dean took great ~s to select the best staff available.
95Translation Practice focus on 今晚的节目集中在离婚对孩子的影响上。 今年的会议集中探讨妇女权益问题。 The visit helped to ~ world attention on the plight of the refugees.The astronomer ~d his telescope on the moon.Tonight’s program ~es on how divorce may affect the children.This year our meeting ~es on the question of women’s rights and benefits.此次访问有助于使世界都来关注这些难民的困境。那位天文学家将天文望远镜对准月球。
96Grammar Exercises (pa.22) As <conj.> vs. Like <prep.>He is an honest person ____ his father used to be.He is just ______ everybody else.There is nothing _____ trying.To an expert, rococo music is not much ____ baroque music.Tom is very healthy, _____ are his brothers.aslikelikelikeas
97Word Expansion (pa.21)contain; attain; obtain; retain; entertain; maintain; sustain (-tain = to hold)recede; precede; intercede; antecede; intercede (-cede = to go; to proceed)dispel; repel; expel (-pel = to drive away)suspend; depend; append (-pend = to hang; to attach to)include; conclude; exclude (-clude = to shut)resist; assist; consist; insist; persist; subsist(-sist = to stand)
98Review — Retelling Retell the story from the point of view of Mrs. Thompsonfrom the point of view of Teddyfrom a third person point of view
99Oral PracticeDo you know any famous teachers or great educators home and abroad?What do you know about them? What similarities do you think they possess?