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Hindu Lifestyle A Family Shrine Daily Duties Milestones.

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Presentation on theme: "Hindu Lifestyle A Family Shrine Daily Duties Milestones."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hindu Lifestyle A Family Shrine Daily Duties Milestones

2 The Family Shrine  Hindus keep a shrine in their home, regardless of their caste or economic status.  These shrines, dedicated to a particular god, vary in size.  Some families can afford to leave aside an entire room while others can devote only a corner of the bedroom.  In either case, the sacred space, like the shrine of a temple, is tended to religiously.  Here, family members worship collectively or individually.

3 The Family Shrine  On a table or shelf rests a photograph of the chosen god.  The fragrance of fresh flowers and fruit mixes with incense and perfumes in the air.  A bell, which is rung for prayer, stands nearby.  An oil lamp, lit during worship, sits beside the scripture from which prayers are read.  Other symbols, gods, and gurus may also appear in the shrine.

4 Daily Duties  Worshipping God: Hindus must devote part of their day to worship. This ensures spiritual contact.  Reciting scripture: By reciting from a sacred text, the faithful learn the lessons of worldly and religious life.  Honoring to parents and elders: Hindus are very loyal family members. Parents and elders are honored for their wisdom and self-sacrifice.

5 Daily Duties Continued  Helping the poor: Even the less fortunate try to obey this commandment. Guests, in particular, are given special attention in a Hindu home.  Feeding animals: Because Hindus consider all life a sacred part of one God, animals are respected and cared for.

6 Birth  Even before a baby is born, Hindus perform rituals and recite prayers to protect the fetus from illness or harmful spirits.  The mother eats only healthy foods to ensure the newborn's well-being.In some families, the father performs a ceremony immediately after the birth.  Father dips a gold pen into a jar of honey and writes the sacred Sanskrit symbol, Om, onto the infant's tongue.  The symbol, which stands for truth, is written in hope that the child will be honest and speak only the truth, which is sweet as honey.

7 The Sacred Thread  It consists of seven strands, each of which represents a different virtue or quality. They are as follows: –1. Power of speech –2. Memory –3. Intelligence –4. Forgiveness –5. Steadfastness –6. Prosperity –7. Good reputation

8 The Ceremony of the Sacred Thread  It is an ancient rite of passage into adolescence reserved for male members of the three upper castes, the Brahmins, Shatriyas, and Vaishyas   The boy promises to embody these qualities, and for the rest of his life he wears the sacred thread as a symbol of his coming-of-age.

9 Marriage  Most Hindu marriages are arranged by the parents, although the children must also be happy with their chosen partner.  Hindus almost always marry within the same caste, although in modern times there are increasing exceptions.  A wedding is one of the most colorful and important ceremonies in all of Hinduism.  Although customs vary greatly in different regions, marriages are always joyous, momentous occasions, rich with decorations and food. In fact, some Hindu weddings last as long as three days!

10  The bride wears a red, white and gold sari, as well as gold jewelry and flower accents.  The groom usually wears a long white shirt with gold accents and may wear a turban called a safa.

11  the henna ceremony, where the bride’s hands and feet are decorated with ground henna leaves. Often, the names of the bride and groom are incorporated into the intricate design.  The bride and groom exchange flowered garlands to symbolize unity and then recite a pledge of acceptance, where they promise to respect each other.

12  The ceremony centers around a sacred fire, a manifestation of the god, Agni.  Family and friends surround the couple as a priest chants Sanskrit verses.  Next, he leads the bride and groom around the flames which burn in a brick firepit.  Bells are sounded, and many offerings are made to the fire, including clarified butter, grains, and flowers.  Each time the couple completes their circuit, the bride stands on one of the bricks. This act affirms her strength and loyalty.  Finally, the bride and groom take seven steps around the flames. These steps are the most significant action in a Hindu wedding. Now the couple is bonded for life, their union sanctified.


14 Death  Since ancient times, cremation, or the burning of corpses, has been a Hindu custom.  Like the marriage ceremony, the rite of passage into death centers around the sacred fire.  Many Hindus want their remains to be left in the River Ganges, believing that its waters will help purify their souls.

15  The funeral begins when the body is wrapped in cloth and carried away on a stretcher.  As family and friends leave their village for the cremation grounds, they recite prayers to the chosen deity of the deceased.  Traditionally, the eldest son lights the wood of the funeral pyre with a flame lit in a nearby temple.  Prayers and offerings are made in the belief that the deceased is going through a process of rebirth, cleansed by the fire into new life.  The ritual also protects the relatives from evil spirits.

16 Bindi   Hindu women symbolize the opening of their spiritual third eye by wearing what is known as a bindis on their forehead.   A red dot on the forehead is an auspicious sign of marriage and guarantees the social status and sanctity of the institution of marriage.   It symbolizes female energy and is believed to protect women and their husbands

17 Tika   Usually only during religious occasions men will wear a similar mark on their heads called a tika.   Depending on what deity, preternatural or supernatural being he represents,   the tika will either be “U” shaped for Vishnu   or a group of three horizontal lines for Shiva.

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