Presentation on theme: "Hindu Lifestyle A Family Shrine Daily Duties Milestones."— Presentation transcript:
Hindu Lifestyle A Family Shrine Daily Duties Milestones
The Family Shrine Hindus keep a shrine in their home, regardless of their caste or economic status. These shrines, dedicated to a particular god, vary in size. Some families can afford to leave aside an entire room while others can devote only a corner of the bedroom. In either case, the sacred space, like the shrine of a temple, is tended to religiously. Here, family members worship collectively or individually.
The Family Shrine On a table or shelf rests a photograph of the chosen god. The fragrance of fresh flowers and fruit mixes with incense and perfumes in the air. A bell, which is rung for prayer, stands nearby. An oil lamp, lit during worship, sits beside the scripture from which prayers are read. Other symbols, gods, and gurus may also appear in the shrine.
Daily Duties Worshipping God: Hindus must devote part of their day to worship. This ensures spiritual contact. Reciting scripture: By reciting from a sacred text, the faithful learn the lessons of worldly and religious life. Honoring to parents and elders: Hindus are very loyal family members. Parents and elders are honored for their wisdom and self-sacrifice.
Daily Duties Continued Helping the poor: Even the less fortunate try to obey this commandment. Guests, in particular, are given special attention in a Hindu home. Feeding animals: Because Hindus consider all life a sacred part of one God, animals are respected and cared for.
Birth Even before a baby is born, Hindus perform rituals and recite prayers to protect the fetus from illness or harmful spirits. The mother eats only healthy foods to ensure the newborn's well-being.In some families, the father performs a ceremony immediately after the birth. Father dips a gold pen into a jar of honey and writes the sacred Sanskrit symbol, Om, onto the infant's tongue. The symbol, which stands for truth, is written in hope that the child will be honest and speak only the truth, which is sweet as honey.
The Sacred Thread It consists of seven strands, each of which represents a different virtue or quality. They are as follows: –1. Power of speech –2. Memory –3. Intelligence –4. Forgiveness –5. Steadfastness –6. Prosperity –7. Good reputation
The Ceremony of the Sacred Thread It is an ancient rite of passage into adolescence reserved for male members of the three upper castes, the Brahmins, Shatriyas, and Vaishyas The boy promises to embody these qualities, and for the rest of his life he wears the sacred thread as a symbol of his coming-of-age.
Marriage Most Hindu marriages are arranged by the parents, although the children must also be happy with their chosen partner. Hindus almost always marry within the same caste, although in modern times there are increasing exceptions. A wedding is one of the most colorful and important ceremonies in all of Hinduism. Although customs vary greatly in different regions, marriages are always joyous, momentous occasions, rich with decorations and food. In fact, some Hindu weddings last as long as three days!
The bride wears a red, white and gold sari, as well as gold jewelry and flower accents. The groom usually wears a long white shirt with gold accents and may wear a turban called a safa.
the henna ceremony, where the bride’s hands and feet are decorated with ground henna leaves. Often, the names of the bride and groom are incorporated into the intricate design. The bride and groom exchange flowered garlands to symbolize unity and then recite a pledge of acceptance, where they promise to respect each other.
The ceremony centers around a sacred fire, a manifestation of the god, Agni. Family and friends surround the couple as a priest chants Sanskrit verses. Next, he leads the bride and groom around the flames which burn in a brick firepit. Bells are sounded, and many offerings are made to the fire, including clarified butter, grains, and flowers. Each time the couple completes their circuit, the bride stands on one of the bricks. This act affirms her strength and loyalty. Finally, the bride and groom take seven steps around the flames. These steps are the most significant action in a Hindu wedding. Now the couple is bonded for life, their union sanctified.
Death Since ancient times, cremation, or the burning of corpses, has been a Hindu custom. Like the marriage ceremony, the rite of passage into death centers around the sacred fire. Many Hindus want their remains to be left in the River Ganges, believing that its waters will help purify their souls.
The funeral begins when the body is wrapped in cloth and carried away on a stretcher. As family and friends leave their village for the cremation grounds, they recite prayers to the chosen deity of the deceased. Traditionally, the eldest son lights the wood of the funeral pyre with a flame lit in a nearby temple. Prayers and offerings are made in the belief that the deceased is going through a process of rebirth, cleansed by the fire into new life. The ritual also protects the relatives from evil spirits.
Bindi Hindu women symbolize the opening of their spiritual third eye by wearing what is known as a bindis on their forehead. A red dot on the forehead is an auspicious sign of marriage and guarantees the social status and sanctity of the institution of marriage. It symbolizes female energy and is believed to protect women and their husbands
Tika Usually only during religious occasions men will wear a similar mark on their heads called a tika. Depending on what deity, preternatural or supernatural being he represents, the tika will either be “U” shaped for Vishnu or a group of three horizontal lines for Shiva.