Households A household is a person or persons who occupy a shared living space and who may or may not be related by kinship Can be made up of families but not always a group of friends who live in the same apartment make up a household, though they are not kin a single person living alone can also be a household Residential unit that carries out economic production and consumption, co-ordinates work, inheritance, child rearing, provision of shelter Humans are dependent on group living for survival Household is often the first place we turn to have our physical, economic, social, and psychological needs fulfilled
Intrahousehold Dynamics Spouse/partner relationships Marital satisfaction differs in love matches and arranged marriages Domestic violence Found in most but not all cultures and in differing degrees More common where men control wealth and where woman have less power
Changing Kinship and Household Dynamics Changing households International migration Increasing intra-household conflict with international migration Tension between children learning the new culture and adults retaining the ancestral culture Or one household member lives and works abroad temporarily and semi-permanently (often a male) Sends money back home (often to a wife and children)
The BIG Questions Revisited How do cultures create kinship ties through descent, sharing, and marriage? What is a household and what do anthropologists study about household life? How are kinship and households changing?