Presentation on theme: "Argentine Republic By: Javier de Petris. Where is the Argentine Republic? Where is the Argentine Republic? The Argentine Republic or Argentina is located."— Presentation transcript:
Argentine Republic By: Javier de Petris
Where is the Argentine Republic? Where is the Argentine Republic? The Argentine Republic or Argentina is located in the Eastern Coast of South America. It is bordered by Chile on the west and south, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.
Pre-revolutionary History of Argentina Argentina was scarcely populated until the Spanish arrival. The first European contact with Argentina was made by Amerigo Vespucci. It was controlled by the Spanish until the Argentine revolution in the early 1800’s led by Jose de San Martin. The Argentine Declaration of Independence was written in 1816.
Modern History of Argentina Juan Manuel de Rosas ruled Argentina from 1832 to 1852 a period in which he fought several military campaigns until he was removed by his governors and the Argentine constitution was written and approved in Buenos Aires rejected the Constitution and the left the Confederation and fought a war that ended in the Buenos Aires victory at the Battle of Pavon, however Buenos Aires rejoined the Confederation. Argentina grew during the late 19 th century and became the 10 th richest nation on earth. Argentina was heavily affected by the Great Depression and remained neutral after the attack on Pearl Harbor until it joined the allies a month before the end of the war. After the war Argentina was attacked by communist insurgents causing 9,000-30,000 dead. Argentina lost the short lived Falkland War against the UK.
Physical Geography of Argentina Argentina has 23 provinces and the autonomous city of Buenos Aires. Argentina also claims to have the Falklands islands and part of Antarctica. 2,780,400 km 2 land area or 1,073,518 sq mi. 8 th biggest of the world.
Foreign policy and military of Argentina Argentina is part of the G-20 major economies, the Union of South American countries, Mercosur and the UN. The Argentinean army is 70,000 strong and has the budget of 3 billion USD Has strong military ties with Chile, US, Germany, France, Israel and Italy. Has claimed control of the Falkland islands, causing conflict with the UK and the Falkland War.
Economy and Infrastructure of Argentina Argentina is Latin America’s third largest economy. Argentina’s GDP total is $ billion and the GDP per capita is $18,205. Argentina has the 22nd highest GDP in the world. The currency is pesos in Argentina.
Religions and Races of Argentina Around 76.5% of all Argentineans are Catholic,11.3% are Atheist, 1.9% are Muslim and 1.3% are Jewish. 85% percent of Argentineans are white 1.1% are Mestizo, 1% are Amerindian and 2.9% are other races.
Sports in Argentina Soccer (or football) is the most popular sport of Argentina. Maradona and Messi amongst other soccer players were born and played for Argentina. Rugby and basketball are also popular in Argentina.
5 interesting facts about Argentina Argentina is the most visited country in South America. Argentina is the largest Spanish speaking country in the world. Argentina has recently elected Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner the first female president of Argentina. Buenos Aires is the third biggest city in Latin America and the second biggest in South America.